Native american religion essay
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business plan write Writing a business plan is a good way to solidify your thinking. By the time your document is complete, your objectives and strategies will become specific and concrete. The process of writing the document will force you to carefully review all the risks and rewards before you launch. Native American. The finished business plan will convince others of your potential and guide your team as you implement the plan. Click on any topic in the outline to paper on affirmative action, see a detailed explanation of what is required and native essay a sample of that topic.
The Sample topics were provided from the business plan of writing transition, CitiLoc, Inc., a web service corporation that provides a forum for essay cities to outline on affirmative, communicate effectively with corporations looking for potential expansion sites. COPY NUMBER ______________. CitiLoc, Inc.'s business plan is native american religion, confidential, containing information proprietary to CitiLoc, Inc.. None of the information contained in this plan may be reproduced or disclosed to literary analysis thesis, any person under any circumstances without express written permission of american, CitiLoc, Inc.. I have accepted and will protect the confidentiality of this business plan. The Executive Summary should include a concise presentation of descriptive essays, those aspects of your business that are critical to a potential investor or lender.
A prospective investor or lender will scan the native religion, Executive Summary to determine whether the details which follow merits their time. Factors to consider: Objectives of the business plan (to raise capital, to guide the team) Profile of your enterprise. Qualifications of the founders. Market Opportunity (what is missing in the market) Strategy for success. Requirements (finances, technology, key personel) CitiLoc is committed to improving communications between government (city, state federal) and businesses seeking to relocate. CitiLoc, Inc. is a newly established C corporation. We are located in Austin, Texas and are presently working out of one of the principal's homes. There are four principals who have formed CitiLoc; Mark Hanson, Jim Jones, Donald van Pelt and Jessica Lane.
Our primary objective is to ut dallas essay, establish a presence on native american religion, the Internet with a data base of information about every city in the U.S. with a population over 50,000. This data base will be of so much value to any business evaluating a move to a new city that it will be orders of magnitude more cost effective than any alternative method of evaluation. The CitiLoc service will be unique in that it will be the only service that offers a data base specifically designed to help a business evaluate and ut dallas c locate the most appropriate city for their expanded business. It will offer a quick and effective way to evaluate all of the cities in the U.S. with populations over 50,000 on essay, the basis of a wide variety of criteria. There are about 570 cities in the U.S. with a population of 50,000 or more. We expect about 90% of these cities will be willing to pay a fee to be included in our data base. There are an estimated 200,000 businesses in the U.S. large enough to consider expanding their operation to transition, a new city. On an annual basis 2% - 3% of those will actively consider such a move. We project that more than half of these will choose to use our services in some manner. To initiate this business, the first year of operations will involve collecting information about the cities, populating the data base and developing the web site.
This will involve 40-45 permanent and temporary personnel. Following the initial development stage, the organizational objective is to essay, be lean and mean. Because the business will be web based and the majority of the prospect/customer interface will be achieved electronically there will not be a need for a large organization. Starting in the second year we expect to conduct business with twenty six personnel. We are projecting a requirement for easy and abuses of internet about 6,000 square feet of space for our operation. The cost will be about $4,500 per native american, month with a one-time finish out cost of about $10,000. Additional equipment and software require a one time, up front expense of about $80,000. Mark Hanson, age 33, has a masters degree in paper action political science, and has been the marketing director and chief operating officer of two successful businesses. American Essay. His latest business was recently sold to XYZ, Corp. and paper Mr.
Hanson chose to leave his position there in favor of starting CitiLoc. He is the president and COO of american essay, CitiLoc. Jim Jones, age 30, has a masters degree in computer science and has participated in the development of two major web sites. He is a vice president and outline for research paper action will be responsible for american essay the initial development of our web site and thereafter the maintenance and expansion of the analysis statements, services we will offer. Donald van Pelt, age 28, is a vice president and will direct the effort of essay, data collection and population of the ut dallas essay, data base. American Essay. Mr. van Pelt has a degree in economics and has worked with the city of Austin, Texas for four years.
For the last two years he has been involved in the area of attracting and working with businesses that are considering locating a facility in the Austin area. Jessica Lane, age 31, is a vice president and will be responsible for marketing, sales and public relations. Ms. Lane has a degree in public relations and has been working with an established company for three years as their director of marketing. She helped this company modify and expand their sales program from a field sales force orientation to a broader web based approach. First, describe the market in terms of the need that is being addressed by your product or service (don't discuss your product or service yet). Explain what is and abuses, creating the need, what the market is currently doing to address that need and the opportunity this need is providing for the solution provided by american your offering. Then, provide a description of the overall market, how it breaks down into segments, geographical distributions, sizes, growth expectations and the share of the market your enterprise expects to literary thesis, capture. Remember this is a summary and your objective is to convince the reader of the native american essay, quality of your market. Easy Essay On Uses And Abuses Of Internet. Our objective is to be recognized as the premiere data base for evaluating the pros and american religion cons of moving a business operation to any given city. We expect our data base to be populated with information from over 500 U.S. cities and 50 to 100 international cities that will pay for the service.
We also expect about 500 businesses to pay to use the data base in ut dallas essay c the first year growing to about 2000 businesses in the fifth year. Factors to consider: Name of your products/services. Benefit to american religion essay, user. Return on investment for the user. CitiLoc will provide, via the Internet, a service to both cities and businesses that helps cities attract new business and businesses determine which city is best for them. This service is valuable to a city because it provides an opportunity for them to writing transition, present their information to a wide audience of potential new businesses. Businesses benefit by having essential city information available in one data base.
They will have the native religion essay, ability to essays, specify qualifying criteria and get a list of american, cities that meet those criteria. Initially the collection, organization and entry of data about the cities will be very time and people intensive. It will require about one year to construct a database with enough information to be of outline paper on affirmative action, interest to businesses. Once again, remember this is a summary and your objective is to convince the reader of the efficacy of your marketing strategy. We will promote our service using literature, links with other relevant web pages, a strong push to gain publicity, advertising in strategic planning, financial and human resource publications and american religion a direct mail program. Pricing for cities to be included in writing the data base will range from $1,000 to $2,500 per year and for businesses to use the data base from $2,500 to $10,000 per year. In addition to our web site being accessible through well indexed search engines, we will have an initial staff of five personnel contacting businesses on a daily basis to locate the person who would be involved in establishing a new business location. Native. Their objective will be to get the business prospect to visit our web site. In addition to our own efforts to promote and distribute our services, there will be a secondary distribution channel in the form of links to paper on affirmative, our web site from other web sites.
We will actively pursue the establishment of links with sites we believe will have a viewer base that may be interested in our service. Then describe the main competitor's strengths and weaknesses and how you will address this competitor. At present there are two major forms of competition: consultants and religion information provided by the individual cities. Consultants range in size from individuals to large international firms. And Abuses. The minimum consulting fee a business can expect to pay is $10,000 and it can easily reach $100,000. American. The quality of information a business can expect to receive from our service will be equal to or better than what they get from a consultant at essay a fraction of the cost and religion the information will be available in a fraction of the time. Most cities have a web page today. The information they provide is designed to help visitors and citizens locate restaurants, parks, forms of entertainment, retail outlets and in some cases city government contacts. It is not designed to be user friendly to the business considering a move to the city. Cities that are aggressively trying to attract new business will often have a contact point to provide information to prospective businesses. This usually comes in the form of written literature and seldom addresses the majority of a business' concerns.
There will be no revenue generated in the first year which will be dedicated to developing the web site and creating the data base. We expect to achieve break even cash flow by the middle of year two with a positive cash flow and a profit by the end of that year. Year three will see a major increase in revenue, a complete recovery of our investment and positive retained earnings at year end. And Abuses. Years four and five will result in revenues of $5,485,000 and $7,885,000 respectively with after tax profits of $2,793,000 and $4,368,000. Revenues per employee will approach $225,000 by year five.
Access to technology. Access to essay, distribution channels. Availability of external services. The primary resource requirement during the first year will be personnel who can contact appropriate city employees and gather the information necessary to essays, populate our data base. In support of these personnel we will require phone lines and computers (25 each). During the same period we will be developing our data base software technology.
The primary resources here are qualified programming personnel, support software and computers. Include a spreadsheet listing the key milestones involved in implementing your business plan including specific dates and responsible personnel. If you are using business plan software to write your plan, this should be included for you automatically. There are only a few issues to address as we begin the business. They are, in order of native, priority: Find and lease facilities. Acquire the necessary hardware, software and communication capabilities. Hire the necessary personnel to collect the data and develop the software. Get development and data collection under way. Establish appropriate accounting procedures. Create the contracts we will use with our customers. Other factors to consider: Legal structure (partnership or corporation) Patents, trademarks or proprietary technologies.
Ability to on liberty berlin, compete. CitiLoc, Inc. will be structured as a C corporation, located in Austin, Texas. There are four principals who will all invest money in the enterprise and american religion essay who will take primary responsibility for the various operational aspects of the business. Ut Dallas Essay C. As a new enterprise our primary objective will be to secure funding so that we can develop the required data base and web site to provide service to our customers. Our first year of operation will require 43 personnel, however, once the american religion essay, data base and web site are complete we will reduce staff to twenty six personnel. Our enterprise will strive to be recognized as the ut dallas, leader in the field of exploration and native american essay mining. A short term objective might be: Our AA-1000 boring machine will capture 60% market share within the next two years as measured in the Exploration Monthly sales review. To achieve our primary objective we must, in the short term, secure funding, collect the necessary data and on affirmative populate the data base and develop a high quality, professional looking web site.
Longer term we must develop a strong base of business clients and as opportunities occur expand the religion, data base content to attract a wider range of business users. Factors to consider: Years in business. Distribution channel relationships. Distribution channel costs. Experience with regard to offering: quality, durability, uniformity, pricing. Reputation of enterprise, offerings.
Since CitiLoc is a new enterprise, this section will not be included. If you are using a software program to write your business plan, it should provide a tool for creating an organization chart. In the text associated with the organization chart describe the current and planned staffing, the english, skill levels available, and any internal or external factors that may influence your organization. Factors to native american religion essay, consider: General management philosophy. Completeness of four, current staffing. Religion Essay. Management access to counsel. Management access to legal support. Labor union relationships.
Operations sharing between projects. Employee benefits: Insurance, Retirement plan, Health fitness program, Profit sharing plan, Stock options, Stock purchase plan, Child care program. Following the initial development stage, the organizational objective is to be lean and mean. Because the business will be web based and the majority of the prospect/customer interface will be achieved electronically there will not be a need for a large organization. The two areas requiring the descriptive essays, most personnel will be the web site support and improvement group and the customer support and sales program. Starting in the second year we expect to have a total of religion essay, about twenty six employees.
Factors to consider: Placement in organization structure. Key positions that need to be filled within the next twelve months should be described with an explanation of how you expect to four on liberty berlin, fill the position. Factors to consider: Placement in organization structure. Experience level required. Staffing from inside or outside.
Use of american essay, professional recruiters. Desired date for staffing. Drop dead date for staffing. Mark Hanson, age 33, has a masters degree in political science, and has been the marketing director and chief operating officer of two successful businesses. His latest business was recently sold to XYZ, Corp. and Mr. Hanson chose to leave his position there in favor of starting CitiLoc. He is the president and COO of CitiLoc. Jim Jones, age 30, has a masters degree in computer science and descriptive has participated in native the development of two major web sites. He is a vice president and will be responsible for the initial development of our web site and thereafter the maintenance and expansion of the services we will offer. Writing Transition. Donald van Pelt, age 28, is a vice president and will direct the effort of american, data collection and and abuses of internet population of the data base.
Mr. van Pelt has a degree in religion essay economics and has worked with the city of Austin, Texas for four years. For the last two years he has been involved in the area of writing, attracting and american working with businesses that are considering locating a facility in the Austin area. Jessica Lane, age 31, is essays, a vice president and will be responsible for marketing, sales and public relations. Ms. Lane has a degree in public relations and religion has been working with an established company for three years as their director of and abuses of internet, marketing. She helped this company modify and expand their sales program from native religion essay, a field sales force orientation to a broader web based approach.
During the first year of operation, we will contract with two outside agencies to help us with the development program. One will supply 3-4 personnel to assist in the design and development of the web site. The other will supply about 25 personnel to collect information about the cities and enter it into on affirmative, the data base. We will need to hire one other key manager prior to the end of the first year, responsible for finance and accounting. Mark Hanson will handle these responsibilities until such a person is hired. American Essay. The total number of personnel in this list must be used to calculate the Revenue Profit per Employee later in outline paper this document. If you are using business plan software to write your plan, this will be done for you automatically.
Describe what functions of your business are considered appropriate for performing in-house and those that could be or are done by sub-contractors. Factors to consider: We do not currently have any facilities. However, we will quickly have to lease an estimated 6,000 square feet of space for our operation. We are aware of two new commercial office space areas where we can get a three year lease of native american religion, that much space for about seventy five cents a square foot per month (about $4,500 per month). English Descriptive Essays. There will be a one-time finish out cost of about $10,000. In addition to the space we will need desks, office equipment, communication lines and equipment, computers and software. This will require a one time, up front expense of native, about $80,000. Technology associated with the Internet is changing at a rapid pace.
Our web site is designed to isolate the various aspects of the process so that if new technology affects a portion of our design we can incorporate it without impacting the on liberty berlin, total design. Isolated areas include the browser interface, the e-commerce process, security measures, the data base processes and native the report generation and return to the customer. Outline For Research On Affirmative. Our data base is designed to be modified or extended with minimal impact on american essay, existing processes and we fully expect that as the service matures this will happen. Describe the general characteristics of the distinct segments of prospects that make up the market for your offerings. Factors to consider: Extent of market (local, regional, national, international) General description of segments. Current versus new customers. Size of the typical prospect. Current ability of outline for research paper on affirmative, prospects to use your offerings. Prospect's incentive to buy.
Prospect's decision process. Our market involves two segments; cities and businesses. The cities will provide about native american religion 10% of our service income with businesses providing the on uses of internet, rest. Cities will find this of value because they will be able to present their information in a format specifically designed to assist and attract businesses. Businesses will derive great value from the service because, from a single source, they will be able to evaluate all of the major cities in native essay the United States against a wide variety of selection criteria. Our objective is to have over 500 cities represented in our data base and between 1,000 and berlin 2,000 businesses using the data base annually to assist in essay their location of a new operations site. The modern business world is focusing on communications and information technology as the driving force for growth. Support for this growth involves production of communications equipment, data storage equipment, computers (and related technologies such as chips, monitors, etc.), software and english descriptive essays much more. Because these businesses are accustomed to using high-tech solutions for their business, we believe they will embrace our service when planning their expansion. Alternatives, such as individual city web sites and american essay city information packets represent competition, however the benefits of our centralized data base of all the cities far outweighs the effort involved in using these alternatives.
Include all segments of the essay c, market whether you will be selling to them or not. It is just as important to understand the segments you will not address as those that you will. For example, if you are planning on american essay, a fine dining restaurant you will not be attracting the fast food segment but you should understand that segment as a part of the essay writing, overall market. Choose the native essay, segments most important to the market and group the remaining segments into an Other category. For example, if you were AMTRAK, you might describe yourself as being in the transportation business and offering your services to two market segments, recreational and business travelers. If you were DELL Computer, you might say you were in literary analysis statements the PC, Server and ISP markets addressing the business and individual consumer communities. Each of these would then be broken down into segments. EG: the PC market might segment into native american essay, individual consumers, small business and large business. If you are selling to other businesses (B2B) some examples might be: Industry by SIC code. This is especially beneficial for descriptive essays vertical market offerings. Size - revenues, # employees, # locations.
In general if your offering is highly sophisticated, requires significant resources or provides greater value based on volume, then the essay, target should be the larger enterprises. Examples of offerings might be dehumidifiers in areas near the ocean or snow plows in northern areas. An example of a language specific service is a Spanish TV channel. Status in the industry. You might want to target businesses that are the technology leader or revenue leader or employee satisfaction leader, etc. To minimize promotion and sales expense you may want to target urban rather than rural or local rather than national prospects. English. Access (or lack of native, access) to competitive offerings. Cable TV business's significant investment in their service delivery system has allowed a near monopoly for analysis some time. IBM's service reputation insured minimal competition during the mainframe days. If you are selling to individual consumers some examples might be: Creation of or response to a fad.
Examples are hula hoops, Jurassic Park T-shirts, pet rock, physical fitness, etc. Marketers take advantage of location by selling suntan lotion in Hawaii, fur coats in american essay Alaska, etc. Time related factors. You may be able to target vacationers in summer, impulse buyers during the holidays or commuters at 7AM. This could include country club memberships, philanthropic contributions, etc. Product and service examples are encyclopedias, scientific calculators, learning to read tools and financial counseling. This could include products for hunting, fishing, golf, art work, knitting, etc. Our market is essays berlin, segmented by the size of the cities we will serve. Native Religion Essay. If you are selling business to business (B2B) some examples might be: Examples of offerings might be planning software for english descriptive managers or cleaning agents for maintenance managers. A good example is how Apple Computer supplied products to schools at all levels to condition students graduating into the marketplace.
Ability to make a quick purchase decision. Targeting individual purchasers (EG: product manager or HR manager) versus business committees can significantly reduce marketing expense and increase the probability of a quick close. Need for customization. Native American Essay. Offerings such as police cars or busses to city governments or specialized computer systems for specific departments fall into this category. Product or service application to a business function. Examples are specific departments responsible for data processing, accounting, human resources or plant maintenance. If you are selling to individual consumers some examples might be. Offerings might be big men's clothing, golf clubs for shorter players, etc. Time related factors. Literary Thesis Statements For To. You may be able to american religion essay, target vacationers in summer, impulse buyers during the holidays or commuters at 7AM. For Research Paper Action. Ethnic products would fall into this category.
Product examples are scarves for women, ties for men, etc. Product examples are toys for children, jewelry for women, etc. Native American Essay. You could target cat lovers, science fiction readers, jazz music collectors, etc. Because the individual is more difficult to essay transition, reach you may want to segment by urban versus rural, train commuters, people who read Wall Street Journal, etc. Need for specific information. Based on american essay, features or content of for research paper on affirmative action, your offering you can target a market segment. American Religion Essay. A product might be books on how to transition, start a business or a service might be seminars on how to american religion, quit smoking. Factors to consider: Individual consumer description or if a business, purchaser's job title. Secondary influencers of the purchase decision. Does offering improve prospect's financial situation or day to day operations? Is prestige involved in essay and abuses of internet the purchase?
Can the prospect measure the benefits? Does the prospect require a customized offering? Will prospect purchase more than one unit of native religion, your offering? What are prospect's requirements for: Dependability, Durability, Economy, Efficiency, Reliability, Productivity, Uniformity? We have two market segments for our services. Outline For Research On Affirmative. A city (city manager) interested in attracting new businesses to their locale.
Businesses looking for a city where they can establish a new site to expand their operations. Longer term we will probably have others who would like to native american essay, be included in easy essay of internet our service (for a fee) such as real estate agents, attorneys and a variety of local vendors wanting to attract the attention of new businesses moving to their city. This is a critical factor in your marketing strategy, so close attention should be given to insuring accurate and detailed descriptions. Factors to consider: Concentrations of prospects. Segments that require different marketing strategies.
Purchasing power by native american essay segment. Numbers by segment. Segments with past customers. Segments with greatest need for the offering. Segments with shortest purchase decision cycle.
Segments more willing to take risks to and abuses, use a new concept. Segments impacted by external factors such as unions or buyer protection groups. The content of our data base consists of information about cities. We will start the process of populating the data base by gathering information for cities having a population of 500,000 or more. The next stage will be cities between 250,000 and 500,000 population. Finally we will add cities with populations between 50,000 and 250,000. We realize there are a number of international cities where a business may wish to locate a part of their operation. After completing the U.S. portion of the data base we will include selected cities from around the world. Each of native religion, these cities will be approached with a request to provide information to be included in the data base at no charge for the first year.
At the end of that year, if they find the inclusion of ut dallas essay c, their information to be of native, value, they will be asked to pay an annual exposure fee. We expect that over 90% of the cities will be willing to pay the fee. The other market segment will be the on affirmative action, businesses wanting to gather information about potential sites for native essay an expanded operation. These are usually well established businesses in high growth industries that have outgrown their current facilities or for literary analysis strategic reasons wish to establish multiple operating sites. Some investors like to see numbers that represent the Total Available Market (TAM) and religion the Served Available Market (SAM).
The TAM represents all of the buyers that could potentially use your offering while the SAM represents the number who will actually buy an easy of internet, offering like yours in any given time period. Your sales, represented as market share, will be some percentage of the SAM. Factors to consider: Number of buyers. Number of units (yours or competitors) to native american essay, be purchased by each buyer annually. $$ value of the market. Size projections over time.
Special considerations that could cause projections to change. The number of cities that will be represented in berlin our data base (based on 2008 U.S. American Essay. Census bureau reports) includes: It is estimated that over 4,000 businesses establish a new operation or move their operation to a new city each year. We expect that the majority of these will use our data base to evaluate that move. The following are announcements of businesses locating new facilities, taken from a January, 2008 edition of CC NEWS, a small customer support publication.
Boise Express opens second call center - Boise Express is in the process of investing $5 million to open its newest sales facility in Norman, OK. Directory assistance opens Boston Center - Metro One Telecommunications Inc., . has opened a new call center here. RightNow Technologies opens Dallas center - RightNow Tech. (of Bozeman, Mont.) announced the opening of its new sales office in Dallas, TX. Ut Dallas Essay C. Financier brings center to Knoxville - Associates Housings Finance LLC announced the opening of its new collections center in Knoxville, TN. The facility will house 250 employees. Rockwell Electronics expands worldwide - Rockwell Electronics is native religion essay, opening five new offices. EGain opens office in Australia - EGain Communications, a provider of english descriptive essays, customer communications solutions for e-commerce, is launching operations in Australia. Factors to consider: Changing social values.
Life style trends. Age of the native american religion, society. Government price controls. Changes in english descriptive geographic preference. Changes in usable income. We are experiencing a strong period of american essay, growth and expansion in nearly all areas of our economy. While the future is open to debate, most economists are predicting continued growth for several years.
The modern business world is focusing on communications and outline action information technology as the driving force for growth. Support for this growth involves production of communications equipment, data storage equipment, computers (and related technologies such as chips, monitors, etc.), software and much more. Because these businesses are accustomed to using high-tech solutions for their business, we believe they will embrace our service when planning their expansion. Most cities now have some sort of presence on the Internet. Some of the information of interest to a business considering the city as an expansion location is probably available on the Internet site. Native. It will however, be sporadic and organized differently for each city.
Also, most of the larger cities have an essay on uses and abuses of internet, information packet available to any business that requests it. However, many businesses would prefer to conduct their preliminary evaluation in private, contacting the city personnel only after they have determined that the city is a viable location for their operation. Native American. Factors to writing, consider: Benefit to user. Comparison to competition. Adherence to essay, industry standards. Impact on user operations. Use of proprietary technology. Four Essays. CitiLoc will provide, via the Internet, a service to both cities and businesses that helps cities attract new business and businesses determine which city is best for them. Getting started will involve setting up a web site, finalizing data base design, contacting city management, collecting city data and entering it into native religion, the data base, developing the user interface, insuring the essay of internet, security of the american religion, data and making sure that our web site is properly indexed in all of the literary analysis thesis for to, most popular search engines.
This service is valuable to american, a city because it provides an opportunity for them to present their information to a wide audience of potential new businesses. Easy And Abuses Of Internet. Businesses benefit by having essential city information available in american essay one data base. They will have the descriptive, ability to specify qualifying criteria and get a list of cities that meet those criteria. Essay. Initially the collection, organization and entry of data about the cities will be very time and people intensive. Four On Liberty. We estimate that each new city we add to the data base will require about two man weeks (on the average) of effort.
It will require about one year to construct a database with enough information to be of interest to businesses. Once the data base is on-line, a primary service objective will be to review the information on every city no less than once every six months. In addition we encourage the cities to provide us with updated information anytime a change occurs (especially personnel changes). If it is a product, describe the function performed, the physical characteristics, operational characteristics, technological factors of import and native american religion unique aspects that make it more desirable to on uses, the market than competitive products. Native Religion. If it is a service, describe the purpose, content, method of essay, delivery and unique aspects that make it more desirable to the market than competitive services. Factors to consider: Product or service family relationships.
Businesses are regularly faced with the problem of expanding their operation. In many cases it is strategically appropriate to do so in a new city. When they make this decision they must then select a city. CitiLoc will provide, via the Internet, a service to both cities and native american religion essay businesses that helps cities attract new business and easy essay on uses and abuses businesses determine which city is best for them. Native Religion Essay. Businesses will have access to essays, information about every city in the United States with a population of over 50,000.
City management can get a regular report comparing what they offer a business with every other city in the data base. The data base will contain a wide range of information. The types of information include: Demographics: work force size, % unemployment, salary ranges. Major forms of transportation: highways, trucking, bus lines, air lines. Direct access to major cities by each form of american essay, transportation. Essay C. Communication: phone lines, digital/optical lines, newspapers (affiliations) Commercial real estate: quantity, occupancy rates, prices, expected growth.
Housing: quantity, occupancy rates, prices, expected growth. American Essay. Educational institutions: availability, occupancy, grade levels, planned growth. Breakdown of major businesses by industry and size. Transition. Three year history of businesses that have located in american the city. Availability and cost of utilities and water. Taxes of four essays on liberty, all forms, any tax abatement programs for new businesses. Any limitations on the types of industries allowed to locate in the city. Review of american religion, all EPA conformance issues. Geographic boundaries of the city, including ETJ's.
City government structure and easy and abuses contacts. American Essay. This service concept has been thoroughly thought out, several city managers have been interviewed with an almost universal positive response to the concept and a prototype data base has been developed. A number of essays, strategic planning managers from various businesses have also been contacted. Their response has been positive and in some cases they have offered good advice on the kind of features they would like the native american religion, service to have. The basic features of the user interface for the Internet have been defined, however, additional work is required in this area. From start-up to initial market entry will require about essay c one year. This will involve setting up a web site, finalizing data base design, contacting city management, collecting city data and entering it into the data base, developing the user interface, insuring the religion, security of the data and making sure that our web site is properly indexed in all of the most popular search engines. As the service matures, new sets of information will be collected that will be of value to the customer and of financial benefit to CitiLoc.
For example, real estate agents capable of meeting the needs of a business looking for property could include their information in the data base. The same would be true for many other services such as attorneys, parts suppliers and numerous other vendors of descriptive, products or services. Factors to consider: Impact on buyer's operation/product. Time required to benefit. Return on american religion, investment.
Useful life of offering. Writing Transition. Education of purchaser or purchaser's employees. Technical assistance requirements. This service is valuable to a city because it provides an opportunity for them to present their information to a wide audience of potential new businesses. If they so choose they can also get information comparing what their city has to offer a new business with all other cities in the data base. Businesses benefit by having essential city information available in one data base.
They will have the american religion, ability to specify qualifying criteria and get a list of cities that meet those criteria. When they have chosen their target cities they will have access to the information necessary to contact the appropriate city personnel to begin discussions. For each business a customized and secure interface will be created at the time they begin their city search. Each time they re-enter the web site they will have access to all the information they collected in prior visits. If you offer a service, while you may not have a manufacturing operation, you will still probably deliver materials which will need to be inventoried and organized prior to transition, delivery to the customer, all of which involves costs. For example, if you were a consultant offering a seminar your production costs might include hand out materials, facilities for american religion essay the seminar, presentation slides, lunch or refreshments for the attendees, etc. Essay Transition. Factors to consider: Benefits of volume purchases. Effect of experience on labor costs. Total cost to produce.
Change in costs over time. American Religion Essay. Essentially all production costs for the CitiLoc service will be personnel costs. English Descriptive. There will be costs for communication and for data storage, but these represent a small portion of the total. Initially the collection, organization and entry of data about the cities will be very time and people intensive. Religion. We estimate that each new city we add to the data base will require, on the average, about two man weeks of effort (more for larger cities, less for smaller). Thereafter, we will accept updates to essay writing transition, the data base (as provided by a member city) on american, a daily basis. In addition we will initiate a regular (once every six months) review of each city's data by our personnel and writing transition the city's personnel. As the native american essay, service matures we will be expanding the essay c, data base with new information content and with new ways for the businesses to search, review or print the information. For a service you are always in a support situation.
You should concentrate on how to insure that the on-going quality and content of the service is meeting your customer's needs. Factors to consider: Most likely part(s) to american essay, fail. How critical is offering to customer's day to day business? Repair time requirements. Location of maintenance/service sites.
Contract with an another enterprise to maintain your products. Customer's ability to maintain product. Descriptive. Spare parts availability. Is maintenance operation a profit center? The information in native the data base is of no use to our customers unless it is current.
Therefore, a primary service objective will be to review the information on every city no less than once every six months. In addition we encourage the cities to c, provide us with updated information anytime a change occurs (especially personnel changes). We will back our data base up on a daily basis and, if and american religion when necessary, rebuild the data base to eliminate any fragmentation problems. Descriptive. We know that providing information to us will be far down on a city manager's priority list so we must regularly maintain contact and present a positive service image. Religion. To this end we will assign an individual the task of preparing a monthly newsletter and a set of data base statistics to send to each of the city contacts. Four Essays On Liberty. Factors to native american essay, consider: Type of outline paper action, sales force. Sales support activities. Channels of distribution.
Use of outside agencies. Our objective is to be recognized as the native american, premiere data base for outline for research action evaluating the pros and cons of moving a business operation to any given city. We expect our data base to be populated with information from over 500 U.S. Native Religion. cities and 50 to 100 international cities that will pay for the service. We also expect about 500 businesses to on liberty, pay to use the data base in the first year growing to about 2000 businesses in the fifth year. We will promote our service using literature, links with other relevant web pages, a strong push to essay, gain publicity, advertising in strategic planning, financial and human resource publications and a direct mail program. Essay On Uses Of Internet. Pricing for cities to be included in the data base will range from $1,000 to $2,500 per year and for businesses to use the data base from $2,500 to $10,000 per year. In addition to our web site being accessible through well indexed search engines, we will have an religion, initial staff of five personnel contacting businesses on a daily basis to locate the person who would be involved in establishing a new business location. Their objective will be to get the business prospect to visit our web site. In addition to our own efforts to promote and distribute our services, there will be a secondary distribution channel in the form of links to our web site from other web sites.
We will actively pursue the establishment of easy of internet, links with sites we believe will have a viewer base that may be interested in our service. We will provide customer support to city personnel in maintaining the integrity of the information in the data base and to business customers using the data base. American. Factors to writing transition, consider: Immediate need for your offering. American Essay. Willingness to make a decision. Easy Essay And Abuses. There are about 570 cities in the U.S. with a population of 50,000 or more. Native American Religion. We expect about 90% of these cities will be willing to pay a fee to be included in our data base. There are an estimated 200,000 businesses in the U.S. large enough to consider expanding their operation to a new city. On an annual basis 2% - 3% of essay writing, those will actively consider such a move. We project that more than half of these will choose to use our services in some manner.
As we grow, a third market segment will be services and vendors within each of the essay, cities that want to essays, attract the attention of new businesses. A special section that presents their business will be available for a fee. Factors to consider: Past promotional objectives. Past ad contents. Industry peer perception. Past market segments. CitiLoc is a new service and therefore currently has no image.
Our objective is to be recognized as the premiere data base for evaluating the pros and religion cons of moving a business operation to any given city. Through the process of constant communication with city management, regular exposure of easy essay on uses and abuses of internet, our service offerings to the business community and american essay consistently excellent service to our customers we expect to build our image. The PUSH strategy maximizes the use of all available channels of distribution to push the offering into essay and abuses of internet, the marketplace. This usually requires generous discounts or commissions to native religion, achieve the objective of statements, giving the channels incentive to promote the offering, thus minimizing your need for advertising. The PULL strategy requires direct interface with the end-user of the offering. Use of native religion essay, channels of distribution is minimized during the action, first stages of offering promotion and a major commitment to advertising is native american essay, required. The objective is to pull the prospects into and abuses, the various channel outlets creating a demand for the offering the channels cannot ignore. Describe your promotion strategy.
Factors to consider: Relationships with channels. Competitors relationships with channels. Channel discount requirements. Native Religion Essay. Potential for publicity. Avenues for advertising. Kind of offering.
There are a number of ways we will promote our service, all basically being a PULL strategy. These include: A CitiLoc employee acting as the personal coordinator for each city in the data base. A one page flyer in literary each city's packet of literature sent to prospective businesses. A link from each city's web page (if one exists) to american religion essay, our web page. Links with other relevant web pages throughout the Internet. Each search engine on the web will be fully indexed to find our site. A strong push to gain publicity about our web site. Advertising in strategic planning, financial and human resource publications. A direct mail program to inform top level business management of our service.
Factors to ut dallas essay c, consider: Domain name simplicity and relevance to the product/service. American. A description of your web site content. How you will get registered with the search engines? What key word search criteria you want to locate your site? Links with other web sites. Will you provide e-commerce capability? Integration concerns between Internet sales and field/direct sales. Understand the relationship between web site access and revenue. How you plan to keep web site information current.
Requirements for and ability to support web site customers. Will site content and projected traffic attract advertisers? Your ability to insure security for viewers. Our web site will be professionally constructed with respect to presentation, content, navigation, security and usability across browsers. The business customer will immediately feel comfortable with the interface, because it will be customized to easy and abuses of internet, his or her needs. All of the customer's analysis will be stored in a secure entry in the data base and will be instantly available for as long as the business is a customer. American Essay. Factors to consider: New offering announcements. Offering update announcements. Four Essays On Liberty Berlin. Offering application articles. Native American. Endorsements from literary analysis thesis, customers or experts. Trade show presentations.
Local/national news articles. Talk shows - TV/radio. We will aggressively pursue as much free publicity as we can get. To address the city market segment, starting in the fourth month of the development project we will be sending press releases to a wide range of city planning publications. This should cause the publicity to appear in the various publications during months six through nine. We will be contacting every city manager of the cities we want in our data base, describing our service, providing them an access code to a secure sight describing the american essay, service in more detail and, of course, asking them to provide us with the desired information. In addition, there is a national Governor's conference being held in Miami, FL in the month of May and a national Mayor's conference being held in essays on liberty Phoenix, AZ in the month of June. Because our service is Internet based (the hot topic these days), we would expect to be included on the agenda of each of these conferences to native american religion essay, present the concepts of our service. Ut Dallas Essay. To address the business market segment, starting in month nine we will send press releases to about 500 strategic planning, accounting and native american religion essay business publications. To complement the press release, we will conduct a press tour in New York City, Chicago, San Francisco and Los Angeles making personal visits to appropriate editors and writers of key publications.
We will also offer a white paper to several fall and winter business conferences describing the concepts of our service. Again, because of the Internet hook, we expect to be included on the agenda of four essays berlin, a number of these conferences. Describe each form of advertising planned, specifying the market it is aimed at, the form it will take, what it will cost and the expected return. Factors to consider: Media focus on your market segment. Cost to expose each prospect to native, your message. We will judiciously use advertising to promote our service. There are a few key publications that we believe will reach the right management personnel in businesses that might use our service.
These include Harvard Business Review, CEO, Red Herring, two or three financial and accounting publications, The Wall Street Journal, The Christian Science Monitor and some major city newspapers. Beginning in the eleventh or twelfth month we will begin placing ads in these publications. Beginning in the first month of year two we will begin a direct mail campaign directed at ut dallas c CEO's, COO's and CFO's in high growth industries. The mailings will be followed up with a phone contact and where available an email contact. We will also pay major Internet search engines such as Yahoo and Google to display our ad whenever specific search criteria is used. Cash generation is possible if you can price the religion, offering significantly higher than your cost to produce. To achieve this there must be minimal competition. This could be because you are the first to the market, you have a monopoly on the market or because you are the only one willing to easy on uses and abuses, offer such an offering due to market decline, liability, social pressures, market location, etc. Native American. Significant market penetration is usually only feasible in the early stages of an offering form's life cycle and is often accompanied with very competitive pricing.
In later life cycle stages, market penetration might be feasible if you are able to english descriptive, offer much greater value for the same price or you have been able to substantially reduce your cost to native american religion, produce as compared to the competition. Describe your pricing strategy in terms of dollars per literary thesis for to, unit and how that compares to the competition. If you plan pricing specials or volume discounts, describe them. If you intend to use dealers or distributors, discounts or commissions will be required and should be described. The mix of religion, sales from full price to your deepest discount will result in an average selling price (ASP) that is lower than your retail price. On Liberty. You should project this mix and the resulting ASP. Factors to consider: Long term staying power. Market penetration objectives. Strength of competitors. Average selling price considering all channel discounts.
Prospect's sensitivity to price versus product value. Use of american religion essay, pricing specials or trade allowances. Easy Essay. Impact on religion essay, sales organization. We will generate revenue by charging each city to be listed in on affirmative action the data base, by charging businesses to search the data base and by charging vendors to advertise their services on the data base. There will be two pricing levels for native american essay cities. The basic level, priced at $1,000 per year, will include our effort of accumulating and storing the city data on our data base and keeping the data current. The advanced level, priced at $2,500 per four, year, will include quarterly reports comparing the data for all cities in the data base plus a listing of native religion essay, businesses that have made a commitment to locate in a specific city. There will also be two pricing levels for businesses wishing to use the data base.
The basic level, priced at $2,500, will allow a business to access and search the data base for up to one year using the search tools provided by our system. Ut Dallas. For example, the business could search for native all cities that offer a tax abatement program, have an average price per foot for commercial space of less than $1.75/month, have an outline paper on affirmative, occupancy rate of less than 90%, have direct airline connections to San Jose and have a major university within 50 miles. Native Essay. The advanced level, priced at $10,000, will provide extensive analysis tools plus evaluations, written by our staff, for up to three cities. The evaluations will review over fifty important factors to consider before making a commitment to a new city. We may also offer to provide consulting support to businesses. If so, we will make proposals on request from the prospect. Ut Dallas Essay C. Minimum consulting rates will be $1,200 per day. In addition, we expect that service and product vendors in the various cities will be interested in promoting their business in the data base.
We have not established pricing for this as yet, but, in any case, do not expect it to be a substantial portion of our revenue. Factors to consider: Full service retail. Self service retail. Field sales force for on-site sales. Current sales personnel. Sales personnel recruiting. Native American Religion. Education of sales personnel. Technical support for sales. Essay Writing. Demonstrations of offering.
Generation of leads. Native Religion Essay. Ability to contact prospects. Selling an Internet service is not much different than selling any other service. Ut Dallas. However, we have an edge over traditional services. Prospects can find us more easily by native essay searching the Internet. (The key here is to essay transition, insure that the native american essay, search engines have our site indexed in a way that will position us in the top one or two pages of the search results.) However, we can't depend on that alone. We will have an initial staff of five personnel contacting businesses on a daily basis to locate the person who would be involved in establishing a new business location. English. When that person is reached, our personnel will explain the basic features of native essay, our service and how they can get more information by looking at our web site. A primary objective will be to get their email address so we can follow up the call with an on liberty, e-mail that will link them directly to our web site. As can be determined from the above, a very critical part of the sales process is the content of our web page. It will be designed to educate the prospect, lead them through a decision process and then propose a closure. The prospect can make a commitment on the spot using the e-commerce capabilities.
They can pay using a credit card, enter a purchase order number and a phone number for verification or request that a representative contact them. If they pay with a credit card, the card will be verified and an access code will be provided to the new customer. If they provide a purchase order number or request to be contacted, our personnel will receive the information within seconds after the american, e-commerce transaction. Their response will be to take whatever steps are necessary to close the sale. Factors to descriptive, consider: Competitors use of native american, channels.
Channel's financial stability. Ut Dallas. Channel's discounts as compared to alternative channels. Channel's access to religion, desired market segment. Channel's experience with your kind of writing, offering. Native Religion. Conflict between in-house sales and four on liberty berlin selected channels. American. We and our web site represent the english, major distribution channel for our services.
There is a secondary distribution channel in the form of links to our web site from other web sites. We will actively pursue the establishment of links with sites we believe will have a viewer base that may be interested in our service. These sites will be defined as Referral Partners. If a prospect links to our site from a Referral Partner and contracts for our service within a 10 day period, we will pay a referral fee to the partner. Native American Religion Essay. Our objective is to establish over 100 Referral Partners by the time we put the data base on-line. If your offering is essays, a product, describe your ability to inventory, ship, warehouse and deliver product when and where needed. If your offering is a service, describe your ability to deliver the service when and where needed and especially how you handle peak demands. Factors to consider: Access to transportation. Native. Use of four essays berlin, transportation services versus in-house service.
Size of offering. Fragility of offering. Delivery time expectations of customer. Alternative methods of delivery. Offering availability when ordered. Warehouse locations and space. Implications of native essay, late or lost deliveries. Delivery prices part of offering price or additional. Ut Dallas. Requirement for insurance.
For the most part, our service consists of making the american religion, data base and its search tools available to the customer. Four Essays On Liberty. This is all done through our web site and does not require any intervention by our personnel. For advanced city subscribers we will distribute a quarterly report via email. For advanced business customers there will be email communication to request and deliver customized city reports. Factors to consider: In-house versus on-site support.
Service after warranty. Proof of native american, purchase. Delivery to english essays, and from american, service area. Service site locations. Service personnel experience requirements. Education of service personnel. Support falls into essays on liberty berlin, two categories. Cities who wish to native american, add or modify information stored in the data base will interface with one of our personnel who has been assigned as their personal representative. New or changed data will be reviewed with the customer to confirm its validity and then entered into the data base, usually on the same day it is provided.
City personnel can contact their personal representative at any time with questions or data changes. We will initiate contact with each city at least every six months to determine if the data base needs any changes. Business users may have problems using the search tools or have questions regarding the data. If so, there is an on-line help facility that will answer most questions. There will also be an email facility that allows the user to literary thesis for to, pose a question via e-mail. Essay. Our commitment will be to respond to descriptive, all e-mail queries within 24 hours.
If neither of those methods satisfy the user, we will also have a 1-800 customer support line that will be available during normal working hours (7AM to 7PM CST). Number of competitors. Is market gaining or losing competitors? Are competitors profitable? Do competitors have manufacturing or marketing advantages? Do you expect more or less pricing pressure from the competition? Describe each competitor and their offering and why they are such strong competition. Describe how your enterprise is american religion essay, positioned as one of the competitors. Factors to consider: Names of key competitors/offerings. Leader or follower. How long have they been in business?
Record of response to competition. Record of technological innovation. Record in other markets. Four. Price versus value. Ease of installation. Technical support requirements.
Proven return on investment. Return on investment record. Current level of religion, profitability. Commitment to the market. Investment in specialized equipment. Strategic importance to competitor's business objectives. Percent of total income derived from competitive offering.
Commitment to channel relationships. Labor contracts involving termination costs. Descriptive. Responsibility to installed customer base. At present there are two major forms of competition: consultants and native american religion essay information provided by the individual cities. Consultants range in size from individuals to transition, large international firms. The minimum consulting fee a business can expect to native religion, pay is $10,000 and essay writing transition it can easily reach $100,000. The quality of information a business can expect to receive from native religion essay, our service will be equal to easy essay on uses and abuses, or better than what they get from a consultant at a fraction of the cost and the information will be available in american a fraction of the time. Most cities have a web page today.
The information they provide is designed to aid visitors and citizens locate restaurants, parks, forms of entertainment, retail outlets and in some cases city government contacts. On Liberty Berlin. It is not designed to be user friendly to american religion, the business considering a move to the city. Cities that are aggressively trying to attract new business will often have a contact point to provide information to prospective businesses. This usually comes in the form of written literature and seldom addresses the majority of a business' concerns. Once again, our service provides more relevant information on paper on affirmative, any given city and, in addition, the business has immediate access to american religion, every other city that might be a candidate. Another service could pursue the paper on affirmative, same business model as CitiLoc, however, we will be first and have at least a year's head start. The commitment by all of the cities to our service will make them reluctant to enter into native religion, a second agreement with another service and the high up-front development investment for descriptive a me-too business will represent a significant barrier to entry.
If you are offering a service, describe what preparations are required before you can begin delivery. Factors to consider: Offering availability dates. Critical factors: Personnel, Equipment, Materials, Technological breakthroughs, Test results. Our objective is to create a web site that incorporates a data base of information about the 500+ largest cities in the U.S. and about 100 international cities. Native. The web site is projected to be ready for use within 12 months from the essay, time we receive funding. Native American Religion Essay. The development and on liberty testing of the web site will require about native american 35 personnel during the 12 month period.
On completion this will drop to four essays berlin, about 10 personnel for maintenance and new development. The technology involved is all fairly straightforward. We will purchase our own Internet server, but will contract a local Internet service to provide the communications interface and to maintain our server. Our development program will be directed by Mr. Jim Jones. He will direct in-house personnel and an outside web site design service in the creation of native, our site. Mr.
Donald van Pelt will direct the effort of data collection and population of the data base. Ut Dallas Essay. It is our intent to use about twenty five (25) temporary personnel hired either through personnel agencies or through our local university's job placement program. Factors to consider: Direction of technological investigations. Improvement of existing offerings and technologies. Use of existing versus new technologies. Commitment to patents. Native Religion Essay. Manufacturing versus application technology. Reduction of cost to produce. Improvements to: Quality, Durability, Reliability, Maintainability. Completing the web site development and data base population will be our first year objective.
This will involve completing the design of the data base, populating it, developing the user interface and the data base search engine, insuring the security of the data and making sure that our web site is four essays berlin, properly indexed in all of the most popular Internet search engines. There is nothing technologically new involved in this development project with the possible exception of native religion essay, some of the search techniques we expect to essay c, provide for the data base users. The service uniqueness will be due to the centralized collection of data about the cities and the ability of the user to quickly qualify cities of interest. Key positions that need to be filled within the next twelve months should be described with an explanation of how you expect to fill the position. Factors to consider: Key management responsibilities. Key management capabilities. Vacancies to be filled. Commitment to religion essay, assigned projects. History of successes/failures. Stability of the group. Interaction with other organizations in literary thesis for to the enterprise.
Our development program will be directed by Mr. Essay. Jim Jones. Mr. Jones has a masters degree in computer science and has participated in transition the development of two major web sites. We intend to hire two additional Internet development personnel and a data base management programmer.
They will report to Mr. Jones, and all of american, them will work together with an outside consulting organization that will help to design and develop the for research paper on affirmative action, web site. We are located in american religion a city that is very involved in high tech development projects and feel certain that we can find and hire qualified personnel quickly. We have talked with three Internet development consulting groups and will choose one of them as soon as we are funded. When the development is complete we expect to be able to analysis, maintain and improve the web site with in-house personnel. Data collection and population of the data base will be a very time intensive effort. Mr.
Donald van Pelt will direct that effort. It is our intent to use about twenty five (25) temporary personnel hired either through personnel agencies or through our local university's job placement program. The personnel will all go through a three day training session explaining the project, the data we need from each city and native religion essay how to make contact with city personnel. We have a data input form with very detailed instructions explaining the exact meaning and necessary content for each data field which our personnel will use to interface with the city personnel. Our objective is to complete the paper on affirmative action, data collection effort in about nine months.
The web site is projected to native american essay, be ready for easy on uses and abuses use within 12 months from the time we receive funding. The following section shows a breakdown of the development program with a complete set of milestones and native american religion essay schedules. The development of our web site includes the following activities. Essays. The Man Months column indicates the amount of time required to complete the american essay, activity, the Start column indicates the month when the english descriptive, activity starts and the Completion column indicates the month in native american which the activity will be completed. Factors to consider:
Use of proprietary technology, yours or another party's. Descriptive Essays. Legal restrictions to use of any technology. Royalties for use of technology. New versus existing technology. If new technology, probability of native essay, success/failure. Is use of new technology consistent with production capabilities?
The process of native american religion essay, registering our web site with each of the search engines and providing index information that will place us near the top of the search results. It is also important that the whole project is designed to ut dallas essay c, be scalable. That is, as access demand increases there will be no problem expanding the resources to meet the demand. Factors to consider: Critical factors: Personnel, Equipment, Materials, Suppliers, Sub-contractors, Labor contracts. Religion. Key positions that need to be filled within the next twelve months should be described with an explanation of how you expect to fill the position. If you expect a requirement for a significant increase in ut dallas essay c personnel, discuss the availability of a labor pool in the vicinity of your facilities. Factors to consider: Key management responsibilities. Key management capabilities.
Vacancies to american essay, be filled. Experience level of personnel. Personnel training requirements. Four Essays Berlin. Availability of replacement personnel. Worker safety/comfort considerations. Native American Religion Essay. Interaction with other organizations in on uses and abuses the enterprise. The operation of our web site will be a dual responsibility.
Our server will be located at FastFind.net, a professional Internet service provider. Native American Essay. They will maintain the hardware and make sure that the communications interface is available for Internet users to access our web site 24 hours a day seven days a week. Ut Dallas. They also have expertise in the Windows 2000 operating system that we will be using. Native American Religion Essay. Our responsibility is to keep all of the web site code working. As we get customer feed back, there will be constant improvement as we add features and essays make the interface more user friendly. We will also be creating back up for the data base on a daily basis as well as updating it with data for american religion essay new city customers or modified data for transition existing city customers. Purchase information is routed to native american religion essay, our accounting data base on a real time basis and both systems must be reviewed and maintained on a regular basis.
Our accounting group will use this information to bill to purchase orders and to pay reference fees to other businesses who have referred a customer to us via a link from their web page. A log of all user accesses will be maintained on the site which will be reviewed as weekly and monthly summaries. Writing. This will help us to better understand how our customers are using the web site and the data base providing more input to help us improve our service. Factors to consider: Prices versus other suppliers. Proximity to your enterprise. Might they be a competitor? Do they supply your competitor?
Do they have labor problems? How important is your business to the supplier? How important is the american, supplier to your business? The cities could be considered as our suppliers. We intend to have a very close working relationship with them. Outline For Research Paper Action. And, since it is in their best interest to keep our data base current about their receptiveness to new business, we expect good response from them. Factors to american essay, consider: Use of proprietary technology, yours or another party's. Legal restrictions to use of for research on affirmative action, any technology. Royalties for use of technology. New versus existing technology.
If new technology, probability of american religion, success/failure. Is use of new technology consistent with personnel capabilities? Need/availability of special equipment. Factors to consider: Definition of quality Tolerance specifications for materials / components / offering. Materials/components critical to offering quality. Special measurement tools. Quality check points: Material/component source, Receiving dock, Storage facilities, In-production points, Finished product. Factors to consider: Material ordering processes.
Order lead times. English Descriptive. Short shelf life materials. Native Religion. Movement from inventory to production. Finished goods inventory. If you expect the debt to be retired in payments over time, then the amounts and timing should be described.
Remember that since the rate of return is their most important consideration, and that a public offering is sometimes not an alternative, investors will be looking for a variety of exit strategies. Therefore, be flexible and creative in developing these opportunities, taking into consideration concepts such as merger/acquisition or strategic partnering. Although details can be worked out literary thesis for to, later, investors need to native american religion essay, know that you understand their primary objectives as you develop your overall business strategy. Thesis For To. The following are examples of several of the more traditional ways for investors to realize a return on their investment. Dividends - Beginning in the third year following investment, the enterprise will pay to the investor a dividend.
Dividends will be shared among investors on native essay, a pro rata basis. The amount of the dividend will be determined by the board of directors, but in no event will total dividends issued reduce the fiscal year end cash ratio to less than .75. Investor redemption based on a pre-defined schedule - Beginning in the third year after investment the investor will have the right to redeem their equity to the extent that the enterprise's cash ratio can be maintained at or above .6. If more than one investor wishes to redeem their equity it will be done so on a pro rata basis. Four Essays On Liberty. Redemption will be based on native essay, the following schedule. Year three - 125% of original investment (10% internal rate of return) Year four - 190% of original investment (18% internal rate of return) Year five - 250% of original investment (21% internal rate of return) Enterprise buyout of investors based on a pre-defined schedule - Beginning in the third year after investment the enterprise will have the right to buy back the english descriptive, investor's equity at a pre-determined price. Buy back will be based on the following schedule. Year three - 400% of original investment (60% internal rate of return) Year four - 600% of original investment (57% internal rate of return) Year five - 800% of original investment (52% internal rate of return) Merger, Acquisition, IPO. In any of these circumstances it is not possible to predict what the return will be for the investor. It is assumed that any such action would be done in essay the best interest of the stockholders.
Convertible Note - An alternative to on affirmative, a direct investment is a loan from an investor. A specified interest rate would be defined with payments due at regular intervals over the term of the loan. American Religion. The investor would have the option to convert the loan to a percentage interest in the enterprise for some pre-defined period of time (usually considerably less time than the term of the loan). If you are using business plan software, these spreadsheets should be provided for you automatically. If you are using business plan software, this spreadsheet should be provided for you automatically. If you are using business plan software, this spreadsheet should be provided for you automatically. If you are using business plan software, this spreadsheet should be provided for you automatically. All numbers in every financial spreadsheet must be consistent. Your projections lose credibility when salaries are out of proportion to headcount, revenue expands while expenses fall, monthly increments are enormous, etc.
If you are using business plan software to c, write your plan, the consistency and religion essay completeness of these spreadsheets will be verified for you automatically. Investors or lenders are primarily interested in whether your projections reflect an understanding of how cash flows through your enterprise, what needs to descriptive essays, be tracked to measure risk and native religion success, how expenses are distributed, and what risk you project will need to be covered by them. Factors to consider: Cost of english essays, goods sold. Variable expenses (payroll, legal, marketing, etc.) Fixed expenses (facilities, interest, depreciation, etc.) Include a spreadsheet with revenue and expenses for each month of the first year. If you are using business plan software, this spreadsheet should be provided for you automatically. Include a spreadsheet with revenue and native american religion expenses for each quarter of the essay writing transition, second year. If you are using business plan software, this spreadsheet should be provided for you automatically.
Include a spreadsheet with revenue and expenses annually. Native Religion. If you are using business plan software, this spreadsheet should be provided for you automatically. Cash flow is writing transition, projected for each month of the first year, for american religion essay each quarter of the second year and annually for the remaining years. Factors to consider: Cash receipts (sales, loans, etc.) If you are using business plan software, the cash flow statement is generated automatically from the data you provided for your income statement. Otherwise, you must assure the cash flow statement agrees with the income statement. Cash flow is projected for each quarter of the second year. If you are using business plan software, the cash flow statement is generated automatically from the data you provided for your income statement. Ut Dallas Essay C. Otherwise, you must assure the cash flow statement agrees with the income statement.
Cash flow is projected annually for the 5 years. If you are using business plan software, the cash flow statement is generated automatically from the native religion, data you provided for your income statement. Otherwise, you must assure the cash flow statement agrees with the income statement. Factors to consider: Current Assets (cash, accessible resources) Fixed assets (land, equipment, buildings, etc.) Long-term investments (copyrights, patents, stocks, etc.) Current Liabilities (payable within one year) Long-term liabilities (mortgages, contract obligations, etc.) Net Worth (owner equity) Do not vary from standard accounting format and order. If you are using business plan software, the four essays on liberty, balance sheet is generated automatically from the data you provided for your income statement. Otherwise, you must assure the balance sheet agrees with the income statement. If you are using business plan software, this spreadsheet is generated automatically. If you are using business plan software, this spreadsheet is generated automatically.
While some enterprises conduct a cash only business, most enterprises will make sales for which they do not receive immediate payment. To analyze the cash flow for your business it is important for you to estimate your receivables period. That is, the average number of days between a sale and the receipt of payment for that sale. So some sales may result in 'payment on delivery' while for others payment may take as long as ninety days. Considering your mix of sales please enter the anticipated receivables period (you can change this later if necessary). If you are a cash only business, use zero. In the course of native religion essay, business you will incur a variety of debts for everything from pencils to computers to easy essay and abuses of internet, legal advice.
In many cases the native religion, vendor will invoice you for payment at a date following the receipt of the goods or services. Some of these invoices will be paid immediately, others you will hold for writing a while. The average number of native american religion, days between receipt of the invoice and payment of that invoice for all purchased goods or services is called the payables period. This number is important for analyzing your cash flow. Percent Reserved for Taxes. When we make a profit we pay a percentage of that profit in taxes to the federal government. For each year of the and abuses, plan indicate the percent of your profits you reserve for taxes. The period of american religion essay, time over which your capital assets in the form of buildings can be depreciated. Also, for equipment. The period of time over which your capital assets in ut dallas essay c the form of buildings can be depreciated.
Also, for equipment. Cash available as you begin business for the period addressed by your business plan. Native American Religion. Initial, one-time expenses. The amount you expect to receive from selling an interest in paper action your business. Native American Religion Essay. The amount you expect to outline for research paper on affirmative action, receive from payment in advance fro the planned delivery of your product or service. The amount you expect to receive from the sale of specific assets to raise operating capital.
The amount you expect to receive from a lender and the terms of american essay, repayment. Expenses for buildings or equipment. The amount of dividends you plan to pay to four essays, your stockholders for each year of the plan. American Religion. The value of inventory of finished goods or materials to produce your product or service. Our average accounts receivable period will be 40 days with an average accounts payable period of 45 days. Essay And Abuses. We will require capital investment as follows: First Year - $1,250,000. Second Year - $500,000. 3rd-5th Year - $500,000. We will make capital expenditures in the first year of $75,000 to acquire equipment.
The equipment will be depreciated over a period of native religion, 7 years. Taxes are calculated as 25% of revenue. A measure of the action, amount of cash available to american religion, offset current debt. A ratio below .5 may mean you are having cash flow problems, possibly because of a significant backlog in accounts receivable. A measure of the amount of liquid assets available to offset current debt. Descriptive Essays. A healthy enterprise will always keep this ratio at 1.0 or higher.
A measure of the degree to religion essay, which current assets cover current liabilities. A high ratio indicates a good probability the enterprise can retire current debts. A ratio of 2.0 or higher is a comfortable financial position. Current Liabilities to Net Worth. Ut Dallas Essay. A measure of the extent to essay, which the for research paper, enterprise is religion, using creditor funds versus their own investment to finance the business. A ratio of .5 or higher may indicate inadequate owner investment or an extended accounts payable period. Outline On Affirmative. Care should be taken not to offend your vendors (creditors) to american, the extent it affects your ability to conduct day to berlin, day business.
Total Liabilities to Net Worth. Native Religion. A measure of the extent that the net worth of the enterprise can offset the on liberty, liabilities. A ratio greater than 1.0 should be avoided, since it indicates the native american essay, creditors have a greater stake in the business than the owners. Fixed Assets to Net Worth. A measure of the extent of investment in non-liquid and often over four essays valued fixed assets. Religion Essay. A ratio of .75 or higher is usually undesirable as it indicates possible over-investment and causes a largge annual depreciation charge that will be deducted from the ut dallas, income statement. Fixed Assets to Total Assets. A measure of the extent to which fixed assets are financed with owners equity (capital). A high ration of .5 or higher indicates an inefficient use of working capital which reduces the ability to carry accounts receivable and maintain inventory and usually meanas a low cash reserve. This will often limit your ability to respond to increased demand for your products or services.
If you are using business plan software to write your plan, this spreadsheet should be provided automatically. If you are using business plan software to write your plan, this spreadsheet should be provided automatically.
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Comprehensive list of resume buzzwords to use, and how to use them. This is native religion essay one of two articles dealing with buzz words. English Descriptive Essays. You may want to also read, Buzz Words on a Resume: Why They’re Important. Apparently we are all still searching for the magic buzzwords to use on our resumes, thus today’s blog post is all about the magic buzz words most people are using, buzz words not to native american religion use, and ut dallas essay, why the choice of buzzwords is religion essay so critical. Notice that I said “buzz words” or “buzzwords” 4 times in one sentence? While I typically wouldn’t write with such redundancy, it seems that search engines like us to essay writing transition break a basic rule of american religion, writing — thus, I do so. And, I’ve allowed for the both spellings: buzz words, or buzzwords, both of outline action, which are correct. If you found this blog via a search engine, you have the proof you need that SEO (search engine optimization) matters. In fact, though I have two articles dealing specifically with buzz words, it is THIS article that you’ll find first, simply because of my opening paragraph. Which leads to our first point:
In many instances, computers search your resume. It’s known as “ATS” and you can learn more, here. Native. Resumes need to be loaded with the right buzz words. I’ve written about the specifics of ATS, and won’t repeat it now. But if you’re not familiar with how computers read your resume, I suggest that you might also want to writing read an earlier article on the topic. Remember back in grammar school when you first learned about nouns , adjectives , verbs , and adverbs ? Here is a reminder: Nouns, we learned, are used to native religion essay describe a “person, place, or thing.” Adjectives describe a noun.
Verbs are “action words.” Adverbs describe verbs. The nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs you use in your resume make up those all- important buzz words that are intended to describe your skill set and paper on affirmative, achievements, and native essay, capture the attention of a computer or human. Here is a list of common nouns found in essay c a resume. Notice that many of them will differ, depending on your industry: Common Resume Buzz Words – Nouns. ADJECTIVES — descriptive words that tell us more about the noun. It is the adjectives that “fluff up” a resume. Be careful: You want to remain honest and not fluff so much that you create a work of fiction! Resume’ Buzz Words – Adjectives. As I said, use adjectives carefully, honestly, and native american essay, sparingly.
If your resume is overly peppered with these descriptive buzz words, you lose credibility. If you are not genuinely “meticulous,” for example, choose another word. An action word is one that does something. For example, sang is the essay verb in “The girl sang .” It tells what the noun (the girl) did or is doing. In my opinion, the verbs in native a resume are the most important descriptors. It is the use of the outline for research paper action verb that hopefully provides an accurate description of american religion essay, your achievements. More than anything, employers are looking for your achievements . They want to know what you have done, what actions you have taken.
That falls squarely into the world of verbs. What follows is an literary analysis thesis statements exhaustive list of these important verbs, words considered by many as “resume buzz words.” Notice that nearly every word has the “ ed ” suffix. I’ve listed the verb in native american religion its proper tense for use in most resumes: Verbs — Resume Buzz Words (A-O) Like adjectives, use adverbs sparingly. Be honest, accurate, and on affirmative action, selective. I personally have only american religion essay two adverbs in my resume. And Abuses. Here is a list of the most frequently used adverbs: Adverbs — Resume Buzz Words.
COMBINING BUZZ WORDS ON YOUR RESUME. Which words you choose and how you combine those words is uniquely up to you. And if I’ve not yet gotten it through to you, let me repeat: Be honest. Don’t over fluff your stuff! Let’s first combine a few adjectives and nouns: experienced executive skillful litigator proficient orator successful author proven leader talented negotiator effective communicator detailed researcher. Now, let’s combine a few verbs and adverbs: succinctly demonstrated quickly revealed creatively reconfigured dramatically improved significantly increased reliably calculated progressively strengthened.
WORDS NOT TO USE IN YOUR RESUME: Google reports that many of you search for the phrase, “Buzz words not to use on resume’.” In my opinion, the use of “buzz words” applies only to words that we should use, not words that are best left in a bar or in a piece of fiction writing. In general, it is how a word is used that matters most, as opposed to a succinct list of words not to native american religion use. Essay Transition. For example, while there is nothing wrong with any of the following words, per se, the way they are used could be problematic: experience, environment, team, leadership, professional, proven. If those words are used to say, “Experienced professional with proven leadership in a professional environment,” then you really aren’t saying much. Native American. Instead, provide a concrete example:
Provided 10+ years successful team leadership with 20 subordinates, a zero attrition rate, and 80% customer satisfaction at four essays, a Fortune 100 company. Yet you still seek a concrete list of words you should not use. I know… I know. So here is the best I can do for you: A resume is about accomplishments, not duties. Thus, only use the following when you don’t yet have work achievements (as in american essay the case of students who are just starting out in their careers): responsibilities included duties included responsible for. use of first person – “ I ” — as in, “I was the on uses of internet employee of the month.” use of “ References Available Upon Request “ use of the word “ assisted ” unless there is american religion no other option. Focus on your achievement(s) as they relate to your assistance to someone else, and specify it on your resume. Essay Writing Transition. use of the word “ seasoned “, as in native “seasoned professional.” This ages you. Use “experienced” instead. Paper Action. use of personal identification phrases like, “ young ,” “ youthful ,” “ healthy ,” “ fit ,” “ attractive ,” “ Caucasian ,” etc. use of any word that is not accurate and honest. Aside from my over-stating the issue of essay, integrity, the following are important considerations when choosing the best buzz words to use in your resume: Don’t use a complex word when something simple will do.
Example: If you “directed” a project, say so. Easy On Uses. Don’t say “orchestrated the native american religion management of…” or something too fancy. Use common headings: “Professional Experience” instead of “Employment Affiliations”; “Achievements” instead of “Notable Accomplishments” Write in third-person, not first, using phrases, not full sentences: “Founded successful program for disadvantaged youth,” rather than “I am the founder of a program for disadvantaged youth that was highly successful.” DO use the buzz words you find in the job description. DON’T use color, photographs, or graphics unless you are in a creative arts industry. DO balance the white space in your document, and use 12pt font if possible. Thesis. (I use an 11pt for substantive text, and a 12pt for headings, with a “left justified” margin, not “full justification” which reads oddly in many cases.) Order your resume in the most commonly accepted format, or a close variation: Heading name address or city and american essay, state phone numbers email address Career Objective You do not need to place a heading above your career objective. Just state the transition objective Use either paragraph or bullet format. Essay. Education Reverse chronological order Degree obtained Name of institution Relevant or notable activities Dates of literary for to, attendance (or years only, for “mature’ applicant) Skills / Achievements bullet list format include your most notable achievements, including percentages dollar amounts when possible include only native american religion your most relevant skills (after achievements) dates and information like company name are not needed here; it’s just a summary of essay transition, your most notable achievements Professional / Relevant Experience Your work history, in reverse chronological order (most recent employer listed first) Your job title Name and location of employer Dates of american essay, employment (last 10 years, generally) bullet list of significant / relevant achievements DO include volunteer and pro bono work, if relevant Additional Relevant Memberships / Skills / Activities / Awards bullet list format brief description of relevant awards brief description of relevant memberships brief description of relevant activities Key Competencies / Skills Some jobs benefit from this added section.
Only include what is four berlin relevant to native the position you seek, like … the type of software you can use, and your proficiency level the types of equipment you can operate, and your proficiency level languages you speak, and your proficiency level personal attributes that are directly relevant (i.e., “confident public speaker”) Notice that there is not a heading for “References” or for “Hobbies”. Do not include them in analysis thesis statements your resume , nor should you include a statement that “References will be provided upon native essay request.” That’s old school and and abuses of internet, will date you, showing that you’ve not taken the time to research current standards for religion resumes. Having said all of this, I will remind my regular readers — and point out to my new or visiting readers — that there are exceptions to every rule. For a good example of literary thesis, how someone “got the job” breaking nearly every rule, you might want to read this article. If you would like an evaluation of your resume, I will provide you with a free critique! But, make sure you’ve first followed the rules of resume writing and prepared the best document you can prepare. Native American Religion Essay. And, PLEASE CLICK HERE TO READ SUBMISSION GUIDELINES FIRST.
The author appreciates your participation. Ask a question or leave a comment, below. It’s not necessary to subscribe (though it is encouraged) in essays on liberty berlin order to share! Did you find this article useful? Would you like to american religion learn more about how to find employment? Check out some of these fan-favorites : More? This is essay transition only a partial list of all of the “Work” related articles Lynda has written for you.
Check out the “Work” category in the sidebar to the right for a complete listing of all articles designed to native american help you. And don’t forget to check out the analysis thesis statements other categories! Keeping it all in native religion balance is necessary for a comfortable, content life — and Lynda knows just how to do it! This helped me with resume writing tips for career advancement. i Love the veRb.
That’s a great relationship to have, Princess Hannah — with the verb, I mean. LOL I understand it can be really active! This is essays one of the best articles I’ve read on resume writing and I’ve forwarded it to multiple friends who found it just as useful. I have it bookmarked so for native american whenever I revamp my resume, I can look over your tips and list of for research, words. American Essay. Thank you! wow thats amazing. I just wanted to notify you that I found your blog on essay writing transition, technorati. com and though I appreciated looking at native religion, your article, it appears your blog acts up in a few web browsers.
Anytime I look at your page in Chrome, it looks fine. however, when opening in Firefox, it has a bunch of overlapping difficulties. I just wanted to essay and abuses provide you with a little alert, that’s all. Thanks for the info. I’m sorry for native american the technical issue(s). This is a free blog, one from which I do not earn an income, and essay and abuses, thus I do not put any time into advertising it or checking for how it displays on the various browsers. Native American Religion. Perhaps I should, though! Thanks again for your comment, and I’m glad you liked the for research Buzz Words article.
Thanks for this!! I was having such a hard time writing, and found what you say extremely valid!! You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I. find this matter to american religion be actually something that I think I would. never understand. It seems too complicated and easy, very broad for me. I’m looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it! I hope I haven’t implied that there is anything “easy” about writing an effective resume. In fact, if it were easy, my blog wouldn’t be necessary! I’m always willing to help anyone who needs it. All you have to american essay do is send me an email.
Glad you like the literary analysis for to blog, and thank you for your comment! PS: I see that you are a lawn mower repair person? Gosh, I need YOUR help with a dead lawnmower. Send me an email! really, I mean really. Why is it that every applicant these days has to dance to the every changing merry tune of religion essay, what the ‘experts’ perceive to be the most important words in essay c an application whilst they know sweet FA about the position being applied for or even what is required. The employers are in a position of native american essay, authority and can make decisions on who gets employed and who doesn’t, and because of paper, this, they dictate the tune to which that the applicants have to american essay dance to, meaning that those who really want to get on in life have to dance to this ridiculous irrelevant tune. Its about time, that all these pathetic buzz words were scrapped and stop trying to make everyone conform to these pathetic ‘ideals’ which we all know is fake and unachievable anyway. All these buzz words do is allow people to essay writing use more and more colourful ways to lie on their application and obscure who they really are, where in american religion essay reality, we should be encouraging people to essay writing transition express their individuality rather than trying to native american religion convert them to a faceless corporate drones. People, wake up, take control of literary thesis for to, your lives and religion, sea people for what and who they really are instead of what they are ‘expected’ to easy on uses and abuses be.
Writing a resume or a cover-letter can be overwhelming for some people. They know their histories and religion, achievements and skills, but minds go blank when they try to articulate their credentials in writing. This list of “buzz words” is meant to statements for to help people describe themselves more accurately. In no way is it intended to be a way for anyone to religion essay ever lie about their achievements. In fact, I repeatedly warn against being dishonest during the job submission process. It’s like lying about your age on a dating site; it will come back to haunt you eventually. Business owners and their employees who have the authority to hire others almost always need a standard method to screen applicants. Not only is it the fairest and most efficient way to outline review candidates, there are employment laws to which employers must adhere. The larger the native american religion business, the outline paper action less room there is for native american religion essay flexibility in the job submission process. Computers are often the first stop along the hiring process; they read our resumes and look for specific buzz words that are job-relevant. Essay Writing Transition. If a resume lacks those words, it will be tossed.
This isn’t about american essay, conformity. It’s about getting a job. There’s nothing irrelevant about outline, putting one’s credentials down on native american, paper so someone else can evaluate those credentials. For those people who desire to paper express their individuality, and/or who are anti-corporation — as many, many people are today — there are a multitude of ways to find employment that don’t involve writing a resume. (I recently hired a young man who didn’t submit a resume; I found him when he unloaded a moving truck for me and I was impressed with how hard he worked. So, I offered him a job and native american essay, he accepted.) But for most people who are competing in a tough job market, doing one’s best and following the submission rules is just part of the game. For final year students. Share this with your friends.
I really like what you guys are up too. This type of clever work and exposure! Keep up the great works guys I’ve added you guys to blogroll. Glad you like it! By the way, “You guys” is just me. Four Essays On Liberty Berlin. #128578; this is really useful; it helped me out native american much. I hope to give. something back and help others like you’ve aided me. Greetings! Very helpful advice in this article! Many thanks for sharing!
Hey very nice blog! I am a recent non-traditional graduate with a BA degree. I have worked at several jobs, but have not had a major role in literary thesis for to any of my places of native, employment. Descriptive Essays. I read your articles about how to religion write resumes and use buzz words; but honestly, I am just a good ‘ole hard worker. The only things I’ve created is a facility-wide directory, a call-back roster for potential clients and follow-up calls – both of which I have mentioned on for research on affirmative, my resume. I considered sending you a copy, but am thinking that you will just send it back tell me to read your links fix it, LoL, I have read your links I’m not sure how to fix it. American. Like I said, I am just kind of generic, but a hard worker.
I’m not really sure where to paper on affirmative go from here. Thank you for your comment and your question, Loretta. Religion. Here is what is essay missing from the native essay information you provided in outline paper action your comment: Reference to the type of work you are seeking. Without knowing what kind of job you are trying to find, it’s difficult to provide you with specific advice. I think a lot of people misunderstand and/or under-value the native american essay purpose of resumes. Resumes are not just a written summary of your work history. They are a intended to essays persuade someone that you are worth further inquiry, that you are capable of doing the job for which they seek an religion employee. In order to use a resume effectively, it has to be tailored to its audience — and THAT depends on the job you seek.
Some people will say, “I don’t care what kind of job I get. I just need a job!” Though it’s easy to feel that way, it is detrimental to your job search. Though one might think that being open to “any” job will increase his or her chances of finding employment, it actually has the opposite effect. Unless you are an for research on affirmative action entry-level worker who needs only to native american religion essay walk into a fast food restaurant (or other similar minimum wage job) and fill out an easy essay application, then you need a resume that is tailored to the type of employment you seek and/or tailored to a specific job notice. Please send me your resume. If you’ve followed my advice with regard to creating that resume, I will not simply refer you back to american religion my website. When you send your email to me, please identify the type of work you are seeking.
I’ll be able to essays berlin give you specific, detailed advice at that point. I am really impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it is rare to see a.
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A Trip to native, Holland: My Take on this Special Needs Poem. It is really hard to describe the range of emotions that a parent has when their child is diagnosed with Autism. For us, we had known that something was ‘off’ with S for on liberty berlin some time- so the diagnosis was a bit of relief mixed with a ton hopelessness. Getting a formal diagnosis left me feeling so desperate and so out of control that I still can’t even accurately put it into essay, words. During this time, a co-worker’s family member had a daughter that was unexpectedly born with Downs Syndrome. This came as a complete shock to the family and outline paper action it took them a few weeks to native american, settle into their new role as parents of a special needs child. Once they began to come to terms with their daughter’s diagnosis, they sent the following poem out to family to english descriptive essays, help describe where they were emotionally. My co-worker quickly relayed the poem to me, in native essay, hopes that it would offer some support. The poem is called “A Trip to Holland” by Emily Perl Kingsley and a version of the poem may be found here.
I have copied it below for those who can’t access the link: I am often asked to english essays, describe the experience of raising a child with a disability — to try to native, help people who have not shared that unique experience to understand it, to imagine how it would feel. It’s like this… When you’re going to have a baby, it’s like planning a fabulous vacation trip to Italy. You buy a bunch of descriptive essays, guide books and make your wonderful plans… the Coliseum, the Sistine Chapel, Gondolas.
You may learn some handy phrases in Italian. It’s all very exciting. After several months of eager anticipation, the day finally arrives. You pack your bags and off you go. Several hours later, the plane lands.
The stewardess comes in native essay, and says, “Welcome to essays, Holland!” “Holland?” you say. “What do you mean, Holland? I signed up for Italy. American Essay! I’m supposed to be in Italy. All my life I’ve dreamed of going to Italy.” But there’s been a change in the flight plan. They’ve landed in Holland and there you must stay. The important thing is that they haven’t taken you to a horrible, disgusting, filthy place full of pestilence, famine, and disease. It’s just a different place. So, you must go out and buy new guidebooks. Ut Dallas! And you must learn a whole new language. And you will meet a whole new group of people you would never have met. It’s just a different place.
It’s slower paced than Italy, less flashy than Italy. But after you’ve been there for a while and native religion essay you catch your breath, you look around. You begin to notice that Holland has windmills. Holland has tulips. And Holland even has Rembrandts. But everyone you know is action, busy coming and going from Italy, and native religion essay they’re all bragging about what a wonderful time they had there.
And for the rest of your life you will say, ” Yes, that’s where I was supposed to go. That’s what I had planned.” And the pain of that experience will never, ever, ever, go away. For Research Paper Action! The loss of that dream is a very significant loss. Native American! But if you spend your life mourning the literary analysis thesis for to fact that you didn’t get to Italy, you may never be free to native, enjoy the easy on uses very special, the very lovely things about Holland. Now, initially, this poem made a great deal of religion essay, sense to ut dallas essay, me and really helped me through that first week of coming to terms with S’s diagnosis. After all, S is still the same little boy that I have adored since I first held him in my arms. He hasn’t changed, we just now know why he is the way he is.
I embraced the idea that S’s diagnosis was just a little detour in life, an native american religion essay, unexpected journey into new territory… I bought this poem… hook. line. sinker. After all, it is outline for research paper on affirmative action, a very logical poem that really makes coming to terms with this diagnosis seem very straight forward and simple. Native American! What was not to like? But, what this poem doesn’t touch on, is the reality of this detour. This is not as simple as leaving for Italy and landing in Holland and not even realizing you were headed in the wrong direction in the first place. When your child is c, going through the process of an autism diagnosis, you know that it is coming.
You know your plane is heading off course. But, you tell yourself that you must have remembered the route wrong, or that each pilot has his own flight path, but that your final destination will be the same. American Essay! Once you realize that no, your pilot is most certainly taking you somewhere else, you will desperately do everything in your power to stop him- but, there is outline on affirmative, nothing you can do- because you are trapped in the plane and native there is essay and abuses, no. Native! way. out. In fact, you may have to fight a million battles just to ut dallas essay, get him to land. Then, once you land, not only are you forced abruptly off the native essay plane- but you are left alone to figure it all out on four essays on liberty berlin, your own. Maybe one well-meaning person will point you in the direction of a visitor’s center.
But, I can assure you that all of the information you will need is in another language and will cost you twice as much as you have brought for your trip. Sure, you will learn the religion language and the land, but how will you survive in the meantime? How will you ensure that you don’t lose the little that you have while you find your way? Let’s not forget to mention that all of the ‘best’ information changes daily and most of it conflicts with each other. How do you know what to believe? Once you have decided to make the best of your trip to Holland, you will find that in order to actually see any of the sights, you will need to on uses, take a seemingly impossible to navigate travel system. 75% of the time, that system will not take you to the sight you want to see. You will constantly have to transfer cars in native religion essay, an attempt to get where you are going… when one fails, you move on to the next. Except, each transfer costs you thousands of descriptive, dollars and days of your time and before you can transfer, there is a ton of paperwork to fill out and native religion applications that need to be approved.
And, there is no guarantee any of this will get you closer to where you want to essay on uses and abuses of internet, go. Native Religion Essay! Sometimes one car will get you close, only to have another one spin you in an opposite direction. All the while, well meaning friends and family try to assure you that you are, indeed, in Italy. Overall, “A Trip to Holland” is a good way of explaining the basic emotional process that you go through to friends and family. The ultimate message that I received from this poem is that you need to essays on liberty, accept that things are going to be the way they are and that you might as well enjoy them.
After all, the only other option is to essay, be miserable… and that is no way to live life. I have accepted that my son has autism and ut dallas essay I am doing my best to enjoy every day that I have with him; after all, there are many mommies out there who won’t get to american, tuck their children in thesis statements for to, tonight. I am so very grateful for all that our family has in life. However, it doesn’t mean that S’s autism has just caused a simple little detour in our lives. It is not like taking a wrong turn and being delighted to find a new awesome coffee shop around the corner. It is like everything you need or want to do in Holland is ten times more difficult and native costly than in Italy. No matter what you do in literary analysis statements for to, Holland, you feel completely alone and like you stand out like a sore thumb… and you just know you would have blended right in in Italy.
Not to mention, this is american religion, NOT a vacation. You do not get to leave and go back home one day… the ut dallas life you knew before the diagnosis and the one you had always envisioned for your family in native religion essay, the future is gone. Your child will deal with this detour forever. When you are raising an outline for research paper, autistic child, your Holland is filled with a lot of additional, and native very difficult, obstacles… and everyone around is sipping coffee in Venice. Hi J! I’m also the mother of a July 2010 LO. I’m so glad you started a blog to for research on affirmative, share your journey! Here is a little story I wanted to share with you: My mother is a Special Education teacher. She has had the privilege of working one-on-one with a boy who has Down Syndrome for the past 8 years. He graduated this year, and in honor of my mom, he gave her the poem ‘A Trip to american essay, Holland’ along with a necklace with a windmill charm on it. Although the journey can seem long and easy essay on uses bumpy, know that you are not alone! Our children are our children, and no matter their differences, all they truly need is our love and support.
Holli- Thanks so much for native religion essay your story! That is analysis thesis, very touching and gives a lot of hope for our little man. Although it looks like you blogged about this some time ago, I just ran across this today. I am a practicing speech language pathologist (SLP) who also teaches at native american religion the University level. I have used this poem in the past to literary analysis statements for to, try to describe to my students what parents go through when confronted with a diagnosis.
However, I really like your take on it. I work with children with disabilities every day and I have a sibling with a disability…so maybe I “get it” a little more than the “average bear”…but I have never been directly in your shoes. I think you have done a very nice job extending the analogy so that others may understand the frustration and sadness you experience every day. American Religion Essay! Thank you. I will be sharing your take on this poem with my students. I am one of Dr. Essay! Becker’s students, and native I find your blog a unique and very personal way to describe your reality. I am going to send it to essay, a friend whose son was recently diagnosed with Autism. American! By posting this, you have made a difference in outline for research paper on affirmative action, lives of people you will never meet. God bless you.
I am so glad to religion, hear that you found this post helpful! It is interesting to re-read it now, over a year later, and to on liberty berlin, remember those feelings and to reflect on how far we have come in american religion essay, our emotional process. Perhaps I will write a follow up post! I too am one of transition, Dr Becker’s students, Your take on the situation is very inspiring – I work as an ABA therapist for children diagnosed with Autism spectrum disorder – often times we serve as a support system for parents and families. I service a child that was recently diagnosed with ASD; the parents are at a complete loss and sad.. Native Religion Essay! I believe this article will be of great interest and inspiration. Thinking I’ll have your article delivered with a cup of coffee and english essays fresh cake.
Thanks an looking forward to reading the follow up. Hi Jenny, we have a 32 yrold with neurologic impairment. What i wish that some one had told me, was to native american essay, embrace the wonderful attributes that your son has, take one day at a time. We allowed our so. To move into his own apt, he lives alone and is under the umbrella of Vista vocational program for i dependence in madison Ct. Once we let him go, the easy of internet maturity we have seen is incredible. It takes a lot of work, but the native american religion essay opportunities are endless, it is our attitude and expectations that need alterting. I certainly can identify with your “detours” in Holland but think about it…If your child was “typical”, then you would not have the essay writing transition child you have, know and love. I’m left a bit unsettled by your blog.
Maybe it will come to you some day. In the religion essay meantime, hang in. Their is always someone worse off. (Parent of a severely handicapped child who is a love and 22) My son was diagnosed at age 3 with autism and at age 8 with Tourettes Syndrome. He is now 17 and essays on liberty is graduating highschool this year with a NYS Regents Diploma and essay is a member of the honor society. He is vey involved in two local support groups for teens/young adults with autism. He is completing his 6th year on his school’s wrestling team (winning many of his matches and well liked by outline for research paper action all his team), is on the prom committee, and will be mentoring another young man like himself for the first time the final 4 months of his high school years!
These are all FIRSTS for his high school as well! These unprecedented events have all been possible because of my son’s determination and the wonderful support people around him! I have always “uped the ante” and put the supports in place to help him be as successful as him can be. He has become an amazing and responsible young man and the possibilities are endless for essay him. It really is our attitudes and expectations that need altering!
Reblogged this on literary analysis statements for to, Adventures in Warrenland and commented: A kind of depressing, yet more realistic take on this poem, that I can’t help but reblog… I blogged about your post and essay linked to it on my son’s Caring Bridge Site. Thank you for sharing your journey. Each child/parent/diagnosis is different. Not once did i feel that her take on for research paper on affirmative, the poem meant she didnt embrace her child or love him less the poem is native religion essay, perfect and the take on the poem is perfect for different reasons I have been asking for help for 7 years for my amazing daughter I have spent thousands and descriptive thousands of dollars My attitude has always been to help my daughter to realize her potential but every emotion and native thought and concern and everything was described in both the poem and the take on it i plan on sharing both with many many people. Yes, a lot of outline for research paper action, what you’ve said I find true with our experiences with N., our son with autism. He is 23 now…….and it’s really tough sometimes.
I find myself mourning what might have been…….the young men that would have been his peers are starting new lives with exciting new opportunities, while N. is left behind. Hello, I attended a funeral of one of native religion, my handicapble daughters friends to day and I was introdused to your poem. I thought how wonderful. It realy does explain to outsiders how our lives are. M y daughter is 43 and mentally changled, I also have a 6 yearold I care for who has asd.but my life is full and I would not have it any other way.
Susan. (Mother of a Spina Bifida child Gramma of a SPD child) The anger is natural and outline paper on affirmative should not be denied. People that tell you you are so lucky, blah blah blah, yes, you are, and yes, we love our special children; but we also have to religion essay, acknowledge our anger over not getting to go to Italy. There is literary statements, nothing wrong with that. We have to native american essay, look at both sides of the coin here. That is writing, healthy and essay well adjusted. That, people, is the outline paper on affirmative action life of a special needs parent.
If you cannot admit and deal with that, you are not truly honest with yourselves. We were financially ruined and will never recover. People do not ever consider that side of native essay, things. I would never trade my child for anything; but the healthcare system? Don’t even get me started…we are financially ruined for the rest of our lives. liked your piece. I always hated that F’ing poem. I used to say, it’s like going to easy essay on uses and abuses, Italy and your plane crashes in the Atlantic. Your floating in a lifeboat getting bashed about by essay rough seas and after a long and analysis torturous journey you wash ashore in Holland. American! And at that point, you know, Holland ain’t that bad! Scott, THIS is ut dallas c, so incredibly accurate.
Yes, this. You nailed it. I think your entire entry loses the point you’re trying to make because you seem a little preoccupied with proving the Holland poem wrong. I think this comes across as resentful. I think the writer of the Holland poem has processed things in a healthier way and can see the joys in her child. Ashley, thank you so much for your comment.
If I am being honest- I was, and still am, a bit resentful that my son has autism. But know that does not mean that I find any less joy in american, him (if anything, I think I may find more joy than your average “typical” parent) or that I have not processed his diagnosis in a healthy way. The early stages of essay, autism are hard. Those years are filled with so much anxiety and native essay fear- and for research on affirmative action not without reason. My son is almost six and native he is essay on uses and abuses of internet, doing fantastically well. I would not trade him for the world. Native! He is smart, funny, kind, loving and just an all around great kid.
But if I could take away his struggles that come with autism, I would in a heartbeat. Seeing him struggle breaks my heart and I will never feel bad for not wanting my son to analysis thesis statements, not struggle. So know that I love my son. Religion! I love his quirks and he brings me so much joy that there isn’t a bucket big enough to hold it all. And while I have come to appreciate Holland a bit more than I did 4 years ago, it is still not the trip I would’ve chosen.
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Christopher Okigbo Okigbo, Christopher - Essay. Christopher Okigbo 1932–1967. (Full name Christopher Ifenayichukwu Okigbo) Nigerian poet. The following entry provides an overview of Okigbo's career. For further information on his life and native american religion works, see CLC , Volume 25. An important transitional figure between traditional and contemporary African literature, Okigbo was one of Africa's most prominent poets writing in English. Chinua Achebe stated: While other poets wrote good poems, Okigbo conjured up for us an amazing, haunting poetic firmament of a wild and violent beauty. In his poems, which have been described as highly musical, Okigbo combined traditional elements of African culture with such non-African influences as Christianity and english descriptive Western poetics. His work is sometimes cryptic, due in part to his obscure allusions, but critics acknowledge him as a master poet.
Born in Ojoto, Nigeria, Okigbo graduated from the University of Ibadan and worked as a teacher and librarian before beginning a literary career. Native American? Okigbo explained that the turning point came in 1958, when I found myself wanting to know myself better. Transition? For Okigbo, poetry would always remain a highly personal endeavor. Thus, his interest in religion social and easy essay and abuses political change in Nigeria, which is an american integral part of many of his works, derived from his belief that it is impossible for outline for research paper on affirmative action, the artist to examine his or her own identity in isolation. As Okigbo once stated, any writer who attempts a type of inward exploration will in native fact be exploring his own society indirectly. His concern for social justice was perhaps best expressed in his commitment to the Biafran secession. In July 1967, at the outbreak of the four essays on liberty berlin Nigerian Civil War, he enlisted in the Biafran Army. He was killed in action in August 1967. During his lifetime Okigbo published only native, two collections of poetry: Heavensgate (1962) and Limits (1962). His posthumous publications include the collection Labyrinths, with Path of Thunder (1971). Okigbo is perhaps best remembered for the distinct musical style and beauty of his verse.
Paul Theroux advised readers to listen to Okigbo's poetry in order to appreciate it fully, asserting that looking is confusion: what we see in the poem may be an impenetrable mystery, and easy on uses and abuses of internet there are words and phrases in Okigbo's poetry that are nearly impossible to figure out. Listening is simpler and more rewarding; there is music in [his] poetry. American Essay? Okigbo's practice of infusing poetry with rhythm and descriptive essays song has been imitated by american religion essay subsequent African writers. Sunday O. Anozie observed: Nothing can be more tragic to thesis statements, the world of African poetry in English than the death of Christopher Okigbo, especially at a time when he was beginning to show maturity and coherence in his vision of art, life and society, and greater sophistication in religion essay poetic form and phraseology. Nevertheless his output, so rich and severe within so short a life, is sure to place him among the best and the greatest of our time.
Because Okigbo used myth, ritual, and dense symbolism, critics were initially divided in their reactions to his work. Some argued that Okigbo's poems evoke humanity's quest for divinity; others viewed them as an attack on Christianity; and a few regarded them as testimonies of english Okigbo's social and political views, especially those poems concerning the cultural and religious alienation of american religion Nigeria during the colonial period. Regarding the difficulty of understanding Okigbo's poetry, a few critics have suggested that Okigbo was more an thesis statements aesthete than a poet with a message. Okigbo commented in an interview: I don't think that I have ever set out to communicate a meaning. It is enough that I try to communicate experience which I consider significant. Access our Christopher Okigbo Study Guide for Free. Heavensgate (poetry) 1962.
? Limits (poetry) 1962; published in the periodical Transition. † Poems: Four Canzones (poetry) 1968; published in the periodical Black Orpheus. Labyrinths, with Path of Thunder (poetry) 1971. Collected Poems (poetry) 1986. ?This work was published as a volume in 1964. †This work contains Song of the Forest, Debtor's Lane, Lament of the Fruits, and Lament of the Lavender Mist. Christopher Okigbo with Marjory Whitelaw (interview date March 1965) SOURCE: An interview in native religion essay The Journal of Commonwealth Literature , Vol. 9, July, 1970, pp.
28-37. [ In the following excerpted interview, which originally took place in March, 1965, Okigbo discusses such topics as negritude, religion, African culture, and his own poetry .] [Whitelaw]: Christopher, do you think of yourself as an African poet? [Okigbo]: I think I am just a poet. A poet writes poetry and once the work is published it becomes public property. It's left to whoever reads it to decide whether it's African poetry or English. There isn't any such thing as a poet trying to express African-ness. Such a thing doesn't exist. A poet expresses himself. What about poets who express negritude?
Yes, but that is outline for research paper on affirmative action, different because it is a particular type of american essay poetry. It is easy on uses of internet, platform poetry. It is essay, platform writing. Descriptive Essays? It is just like being invited to deliver a lecture on a particular subject. But it is valid as poetry when it is american religion, good, because we do in fact have this sort of thing in our own poetry in the oral tradition. The poetry of praise, for instance. Platform poetry. You go to a king's palace to praise him, and four you build up images in religion essay praise of him. That sort of essay and abuses of internet poetry is valid provided it is good. In other forms of poetry … the most regular form that is written by young African poets, writing in the English language, is in fact written to express, to bring out native american essay, a sense of an inner disturbance.
We are trying to literary analysis thesis statements, cast about for words; whether the words are in Ibo or English or in French is in fact immaterial … We are looking for words to give verbal concreteness, to give verbal life to american religion, auditory and english descriptive essays visual images … I think this is a separate form of poetry from platform poetry. It just happens that one form is written more here, among English-speaking poets, and one more among French. Native Religion? But the two forms are valid, and I don't quarrel with negritude…. You say you go back to village festivals—I know you write a great deal about these . Yes, I do. And I do not feel that in fact as a Christian I have ever been uprooted from my own village gods.
We have a goddess and for research paper on affirmative a god in our family, our ancestral gods. And although I do not worship these actively, in the sense of offering them periodic sacrifices, I still feel that they are the people protecting me. But the way in which I think Christianity can be reconciled with this aspect of paganism is that I believe in fact all these gods are the same as the Christian God—that they are different aspects of the same power, the same force. What shape do these gods take in native american essay your family? Well, we have a carved idol representing a man, and another carved idol representing a woman, and the man we call Ikenga, and the woman we call Udo. And the man is the ut dallas c father of the entire family, for several generations back; the woman is the mother of the whole family, several generations back. And in a large extended family we have just these two gods, Ikenga and Udo. We offer sacrifices to them periodically.
I am here at Ibadan; I don't live at home at Ojoto. So my parents or my uncles will offer sacrifices to them periodically. American Essay? And the women of the outline on affirmative action family will from time to time scrub the walls of the native shrine where these gods are housed, with fresh mud (the walls of the shrine would be of a mud mixture, a very satisfactory and inexpensive building substance), and the men of the family will repair the thatched roof to prevent it leaking. And once in a while they offer a white hen, or eggs laid by white hens, or kola nuts, or pods of alligator pepper. And I feel, you know, that we still belong to on uses and abuses of internet, these things. We cannot get away from them. This is native american essay, purely a family shrine, is english essays, it? This is a family shrine. We have the ones worshipped by the whole town.
The whole town, for example, worships the python and the tortoise. The python, I imagine, represents the american religion male deity, and the tortoise represents the female deity. And the whole town worships these two idols, and they (the creatures) are sacred to the whole town. I mean they are sacred to their particular shrines, and we cannot kill them. If in fact you find a python that is dead, you give it a ceremonial burial. Oh, yes. Essays? This still happens, even now. And Christianity cannot wipe this out. What does the python symbolize, then?
The python represents the penis. And the tortoise represents the clitoris. One for the male organ and the other for the female. Do you also go to the Christian church? I haven't gone to church for american, a long time. Neither have I. Essay? This is a rather theoretical question … But you think of native american yourself as a sort of essay on uses and abuses nominal Christian, do you?
I think that over the years I have tried to evolve my own personal religion. The way that I worship my gods is in fact through poetry. And I think that each poem I write is a ceremony of innocence, if you like. The creative process is a process of cleansing. American Essay? And since I began actively to four, write poetry, I have never gone to native american religion, church.
So I don't think it would be right for literary analysis thesis statements, me to say I am a Christian or I am a pagan. I think my own religion combines elements from both…. Do you think that for american religion, a lot of Africans today it is action, difficult to american, be African? I don't see why it should be difficult. I don't think there is writing, any culture in the world that doesn't have borrowed elements. There is this multivalence in all cultures.
Africa happens to be a new society, new in the sense that people are just beginning to know about Africa. So this multivalence is emphasized. It is just like holding something under a microscope—it becomes enlarged. Africa is now under the world's microscope; everybody sees Africa, and nobody bothers to look at any other place. I think most Europeans have the native american religion essay idea that if any writer should be 'committed' (to use this literary cliche) it should be the African writers. I mean committed to writing about social change, about four on liberty berlin, discovery of identity—that is, he should not be working in american religion essay isolation, in analysis an ivory tower; he should not have removed himself from the preoccupations of the people of his own time . Yes, but there isn't any society in which people do not write about social change. Social change is not only native, taking place in Africa; it's taking place everywhere in the world. Yes, but in North America particularly there are writers who feel that the writer has a duty to discover himself rather than to discover the outline for research paper on affirmative action world. American? Thirty years ago writers like Thomas Wolfe were writing about the great panorama of American life, but today they seem, many of them, to four essays, be isolated from their contemporaries, to be concerned with self-exploration. They feel no responsibility whatever to essay, their own society. Thesis? Now the point I want to essay, make is that we in the West might suppose that (because Africa is under such violent pressures of literary analysis statements for to change) it would be difficult for African writers to.
(The entire section is 2948 words.) Get Free Access to this Christopher Okigbo Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and essay.
We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on your first read-through. Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in american religion one place, even if you're on the go. Download our handy iOS app for free. SOURCE: Christopher Okigbo, in Transition , Vol. 5, No.
22, 1965, pp. 18-20. [ Theroux is an expatriate American novelist, critic, and travel writer who has extensive knowledge of Africa and has set several of his works in Kenya and Malawi. Of Internet? In the following essay, he analyzes the essay theme of movement in essay transition Okigbo's poetry .] Ordeal. Ending on the edge of new agonies.
Beginning again. And the poet wrapped only in nakedness goes on, deliberately, mostly conscious because he is half-carried by the nightmare winds, half-carries himself with his own home-made, wild, tangled-wood tales. 'Logistics,' says Okigbo in the 'Initiation' section of Heavensgate . (The entire section is native, 2217 words.) Get Free Access to this Christopher Okigbo Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. John Povey (essay date December 1967) SOURCE: Epitaph to essay writing, Christopher Okigbo, in Africa Today , Vol.
14, No. 6, December, 1967, pp. 22-3. [ Povey is an English educator, critic, and the editor of African Arts. In the following excerpt, he surveys Okigbo's works, highlighting the poet's lyricism and praising his wide emotional range and subject matter .] Okigbo was a far-ranging writer, eclectic, with a poetic strength which moulded the apparently piecemeal sources of his inspiration into a personal and sensitive vision. He is acknowledged as an intellectual poet, making the fullest statement through rigidly cerebral images that recall inevitably that old imagist master, Ezra Pound. Yet this assertion.
(The entire section is 1148 words.) SOURCE: Belief and Man's Faith, in his Whispers from a Continent: The Literature of Contemporary Black Africa , 1969. Reprint by Heinemann Educational Books Ltd., 1971, pp. 315-84. [ Cartey was a West Indian critic and educator. In the following excerpt, he examines Christian imagery in Okigbo's poems .] The reality of Christopher Okigbo's Heavensgate is not within the native american essay realm of essay c nature, but moves through and native religion modifies many Christian ordinances, soaring into the realm of belief and of spirit. The prodigal poet stands a naked supplicant, seeking to elucidate the mystery of the genesis, of his initiation, of his purification. Time is not only a linear chronological. (The entire section is 964 words.) SOURCE: Okigbo's Portrait of the Artist as a Sunbird: A Reading of Heavensgate (1962), in African Literature Today , No.
6, 1973, pp. 1-14. [ In the excerpt below, Izevbaye delineates the interplay of english essays sources Okigbo employs in Heavensgate and Limits.] The year 1971 saw the publication by Heinemann Educational Books of Labyrinths with Path of Thunder , a collection which is in one respect the final edition of Okigbo's work although, because of the native american omission of the four essays Canzones and at least two of the later poems, its finality consists not in completeness but in saving editors of Okigbo's poems the trouble of having to decide what the poet actually wrote. (The entire section is 4849 words.) Donatus I. Nwoga (essay date Spring 1975) SOURCE: Plagiarism and native Authentic Creativity in West Africa, in Research in African Literatures , Vol. Analysis Thesis For To? 6, No. 1, Spring, 1975, pp. 32-9. [ A Nigerian educator and critic, Nwoga edited and compiled Critical Perspectives on Christopher Okigbo (1984).
In the following excerpt, he addresses the issue of plagiarism in Okigbo's poetry, comparing Okigbo's works with those of other poets .] Perhaps I should start in the matter of plagiarism with our authentic poet, Christopher Okigbo. Sunday Anozie, in his book, Christopher Okigbo: Creative Rhetoric , writing of Okigbo's earliest poems, the native american religion Four Canzones, talks of the for research on affirmative four-movement division in native each of the. (The entire section is 1557 words.) Robert J. Stanton (essay date Winter 1976) SOURCE: Poet as Martyr: West Africa's Christopher Okigbo, and essay writing transition His Labyrinths: With Path of Thunder , in native Studies in Black Literature , Vol. 7, No.
1, Winter, 1976, pp. 10-14. [ In the following excerpt, Stanton describes how events in Okigbo's life seem to have informed his poetry and influenced his poetic style .] Okigbo claims the following: I don't think that I have ever set out to communicate a meaning. Outline For Research On Affirmative? It is enough that I try to communicate experience which I consider significant. [ African Writers Talking , 1972] This rejection of giving meaning to his poetry denies us the use of. (The entire section is 4924 words.) SOURCE: The Poet and His Inner World: Subjective Experience in the Poetry of Christopher Okigbo and Wole Soyinka, in UFAHAMU , Vol. 9, No. Native American Essay? 3, 1979–80, pp.
23-41. [ In the following excerpt, Maduakor examines the retrospective quality of Okigbo's poetry and comments on its significance in essay of internet relation to modern African poetry .] In an interview with Marjory Whitelaw published in 1965, the Nigerian poet Christopher Okigbo made a distinction between what he called platform poetry, and the lyric mode he referred to as the poetry of native religion essay inward exploration. Platform poetry, he felt, is declamatory and rhetorical; but it deserves, nevertheless, the descriptive labour of the poets who write. (The entire section is 3455 words.)
D. Essay? S. Izevbaye (essay date Spring 1982) SOURCE: Death and the Artist: An Appreciation of Okigbo's Poetry, in for research on affirmative Research in African Literatures , Vol. 13, No. 1, Spring, 1982, pp. Native American Religion Essay? 44-52. [ In the essay below, Izevbaye examines the ways in which the theme of death influences the form of Okigbo's poetry .] The attempt to on liberty berlin, understand death and the need to master its sorrow have given birth to religion, various African forms of artistic expression, whether these occur as the ambivalence, often found in funeral songs, [which] helps to adjust the shock and grief which death brings to the living [Gerald Moore, Africa , Vol. 38, 1968], or as a representation of the literary analysis for to language of the native dead in the speech of writing mmonwu , the. (The entire section is 2761 words.) Wole Ogundele (essay date June 1983)
SOURCE: From the Labyrinth to the Temple: The Structure of Okigbo's Religious Experience, in Okike: An African Journal of New Writing , No. 24, June, 1983, pp. 57-69. [ In the native religion essay following essay, Ogundele argues that Okigbo's religious views, as expressed in his works, were much broader and more autobiographical than critics have considered them to be .] The exact place and function of 'religion' in Christopher Okigbo's poetry has been until lately, generally misrepresented. The misrepresentation of writing transition course stemmed from what critics and some writers held, in the last two or so decades, to native american, be one of the imperatives of the then nascent neo-African literature: cultural. (The entire section is four on liberty, 4127 words.) James Wieland (essay date Spring 1984) SOURCE: Beginning: Christopher Okigbo's 'Four Canzones,' in World Literature Written in English , Vol. 23, No.
2, Spring, 1984, pp. 315-27. [ In the following essay, Wieland examines Okigbo's early poetry, arguing that the Four Canzones contains the essential elements of all his works .] It is unfortunate that Christopher Okigbo's first serious poems, Four Canzones (1957–1961), have become separated from the native american religion rest of essay his poetry, for they are contiguous with it, providing a fine prelude to the more substantial poetry of Labyrinths and Path of native american religion essay Thunder . It is apprentice work but it is important, offering an introduction both to the metaphysics that. (The entire section is essays, 4200 words.) John Haynes (essay date Spring 1986) SOURCE: Okigbo's Technique in 'Distances I,' in Research in African Literatures , Vol. 17, No. 1, Spring, 1986, pp. 73-84.
[ In the essay below, Haynes analyzes Okigbo's poem Distances I, offering a line-by-line account of its meanings and techniques .] The following commentary deals with Distances I from the point of view of Christopher Okigbo's handling of reference, allusion, textual unity, and speech acts. But I begin with some preliminary remarks by way of american justification, since Okigbo's work has been the subject of much polemic. He is ut dallas essay c, said to be obscure, un-African, and essay elitist and to rely too heavily on an unassimilated modernism derived from the American. (The entire section is 3995 words.) SOURCE: Christopher Okigbo and the Growth of Poetry, in english descriptive European-Language Writing in Sub-Saharan Africa, Vol.
2 , edited by Albert S. Essay? Gerard, Akademiai Kiado, 1986, pp. 750-54. [ In the essay below, Egudu characterizes Okigbo as the most significant poet of his generation .] Christopher Okigbo is obviously the most significant poet of [1960s Nigeria] not only because of his national relevance but also because of his artistic excellence. He can rightly be described as the poet of Nigerian history, for there is a movement in his work which parallels that of the history of Nigeria from easy essay of internet her contact with the white man to religion essay, the early stages of the civil war, when Okigbo died.
(The entire section is four essays on liberty berlin, 1618 words.) Elaine Savory Fido (essay date 1986) SOURCE: Okigbo's Labyrinths and the Context of Igbo Attitudes to the Female Principle, in Ngambika: Studies of Women in African Literature , edited by Carole Boyce Davies Anne Adams Graves, Africa World Press, Inc., 1986, pp. 223-39. [ In the following excerpt, Fido traces Okigbo's treatment of female characters in native religion essay his poetry and links Okigbo's view of women to Igbo tradition and familial influences .] Igbo culture is a complex entity, and the boundaries which define it are diffuse. Igbo people have intermarried with peoples along their borders, and the colonial intrusion and its aftermath has so changed things that it is hard even for scholars bent on. (The entire section is 5949 words.) Anafulu, Joseph C. Christopher Okigbo, 1932–1967: A Bio-Bibliography. Research in African Literatures 9, No.
1 (Spring 1978): 65-78. Combines an extensive bibliography of Okigbo's work with a brief biography. Lindfors, Bernth. Okigbo as Jock. In When the Drumbeat Changes , edited by Carolyn A. Parker and Stephen H. Writing? Arnold, pp.
199-214. Washington, D.C.: African Literature Association and Three Continents Press, 1981. An account of Okigbo's school years which focuses on his athletic achievements. (The entire section is 707 words.) Christopher Okigbo Homework Help Questions. As is native american religion, true in other poems by Christopher Okigbo, repetition plays an important role in analysis thesis statements for to creating the rhythm of the “Newcomer” poem that begins with the words “Time for american, worship.” Repetition. The temporal setting of Christopher Okigbo’s poem “The Passage” – specifically, whether the english descriptive essays events the poem describes are supposed to take place before or after Nigeria achieved. Christopher Okigbo’s poem “The Passage” displays a number of striking literary devices and stylistic techniques, including the religion following: Use of a trochee in literary place of an american religion essay expected iamb at the. Christopher Okigbo once suggested that the speaker of his poem titled “The Passage” resembles Orpheus, the famous figure of Greek myth and legend. Some resemblances between Okigo’s speaker.
The polemical stance of Elaine Fido in her essay “Okigbo's Labyrinths and the Context of Igbo Attitudes to the Female Principle” might be characterized in analysis thesis statements a number of american religion ways, including the.
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Essay/Term paper: Catch 22: satire on native essay wwii. Free essays available online are good but they will not follow the guidelines of your particular writing assignment. If you need a custom term paper on Catch 22: Catch 22: Satire On WWII , you can hire a professional writer here to outline paper, write you a high quality authentic essay. While free essays can be traced by Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written essays will pass any plagiarism test. Native American Essay. Our writing service will save you time and grade. Joseph Heller who is perhaps one of the most famous writers of the 20th. century writes on some emotional issues such as war. He does not deal with these.
issues in outline paper, the normal fashion instead he criticizes them and the institutions. that help carry these things out. American Essay. Heller in descriptive, fact goes beyond criticizing he. satirizes. Throughout his two major novels Catch-22 and Good as Gold he. satirizes almost all of America's respectful institutions.
To truly understand. these novels you must recognize that they are satires and why they are. Catch-22 is native religion, a satire on essay transition World War II. This novel takes place on the. small island of Pianosa in the Mediterranean sea late in native american, the war when Germany is. no longer a threat. It is the struggle of one man, Yossarian, to survive the war. Throughout this novel Yossarian is trying to escape the war, and in english essays, order to do.
so he does many improper things. Good as Gold is about a Jewish man named Gold. It is about Gold's. experiences with the government while being employed in the White House. It also. deals in detail with Gold's family problems and Gold's struggle to write a book. on the contemporary Jewish society. Throughout these two novels, Catch-22 and Good as Gold, Heller. criticizes many institutions. In Good as Gold it is the White House and.
government as a whole, and in Catch-22 it is the military and medical. In Catch-22 the military is native, heavily satirized. Heller does this by. criticizing it. Literary Statements For To. Karl agrees with this statement by offering an example of the.
satire of both the military and native religion essay civilian institutions in on affirmative action, Catch-22: foul-up that promotes Major Major, and the petty. rivalries among officers satirizes the communication. failures and the cut-throat competition Heller saw. within both the civilian and military bureaucracies of. the 1950's. Even the Civil Rights movement, not yet. widespread in religion, the 1950's, is satirized in Colonel. Cathcart attitudes toward enlisted men. (23) war, but also the deadly inhuman bureaucracy of the.
military-economic establishment which clams to be a. stay against chaos while it threatens human life more. insidiously then battle itself. asking if it is really necessary. Many other institutions are also satirized in Catch-22. Bryant points. out the extreme variety of institutions that Heller satirizes with this His. satire is directed toward the institutions that make up society, business, psychiatry, medicine, law, the military. . . (Bryant 228).
Medicine is one of the ut dallas, institutions that is heavily satirized. He does. this by native american essay, portraying medicine as a science that is almost barbaric and not exact. He writes of how the men of the squadron used the hospital as a way out of. battle. Catch-22 it self begins in the hospital where Yossarian is faking. Jaundice of the liver in order to avoid battle. Many characters also take this. up as a form of staying out of battle. Heller addresses the ut dallas c, barbarism of.
medicine with Dr. Daneeka's aides. He writes of them painting peoples gums and. feet violet in order to american essay, ward of certain illnesses. In Catch-22 Heller also satirize religion. This occurs in Chapter. Nineteen when Colonel Cathcart is aspiring to become a general. In this chapter. religion is satirized in a number of ways. The first is when Colonel Cathcart. uses it for a social icon to improve his chance of four on liberty becoming general.
Dr. Peek. agrees with this by saying . . Native American Religion Essay. . we see a satire on religion used as a matter. of social status (25). In Catch-22 there is also one more major satiriazation it is that of. industry and finance. The reason this is true is because of certain things Milo. says such as What's good for essays on liberty berlin, the syndicate is good for the country (Karl 34). Good as Gold is religion, manly a satire on the White House and government. Heller. portrays the White House as being, disgraceful, according to Merrill.
Merrill. believes that this work criticizes politics almost from page one and writing that it. does an excellent job of it in fact he writes A number of reviewers found that. the Washington satire brilliant and incisive'. . . (103). The other device that Heller uses is humor. Religion Essay. Catch-22 is so satirical in. places that it is hilarious. Mr. Heller's talent and use of comedy is so. prevalent in these novels that it caused The Atlantic to write Mr.
Heller's. talents for comedy are so considerable that one gets irritated when he keeps. pressing (Phoenix 31). Other critics such as Brustein also wrote that Heller's. works are extremely hilarious (228). Although the novel is funny is uses humor in outline paper on affirmative, order to further satirize. Dr. Peek agrees with this statement by saying that It's [Catch-22] not a flag- -waving war adventure, but a novel using humor to discredit or ridicule aspects. of out society (24). Dr.
Peek also goes on to comment on the amount of native essay comical. dialogue in the novel. He says that it contains a significant amount of english essays this. dialogue and that it further adds to the humor (11). Native American. Heller even takes his humor. as far as naming his characters comically. Dr. Karl points out the analysis statements for to, comical. naming of Major Major which turns into Major Major Major Major with his. accidental promotion (11). The attaching of the prefix Hungry to Joe's name in.
the novel is also comical, but Heller does not stop at that he goes as far as. naming a character Scheisskopf, the parade crazed lieutenant, which actually. means shithead. Native Religion. (Peek 10). Not only does Heller name characters comically he makes them act. comically. The Loyalty Oath Crusade is an excellent example of this. This. crusade is so completely absurd that it is humorous. Another example of the. humor in this novel is the parades that Scheisskopf orders.
It is not that he. orders these parades that is comical it is his how serious he takes them. He. comments to himself throughout the novel on how he will improve his parades. These ideas include nailing his marchers arms in the proper place. Perhaps one of the best examples of ut dallas essay a comical character and who acts. satirically is Milo Minderbinder. Milo runs a black-market syndicate in which he. claims everyone gets the profits.
Milo's company acts as everything from a food. supplier to a mercenary. The Germans hire Milo to do a number of missions. The. one that Heller writes about in particular detail is the mission where Milo. bombs his own squadron killing countless lives. Heller writes that Milo claimed. responsibility for the act. As one would expect Milo would be arrested, but. Heller carries the satire further by having Milo go scott free after he says it.
made a huge net profit (Peek 27). Another of Heller's comical characters is the character of Peckem. American. In. the novel Peckem along with Colonel Korn plot to take over General Dreedle's. command. They do this by placing priority on such things as a perfect bomb.
pattern which endangers many men's life's. Heller's description of Peckem is in. itself comical he describes him as having the ability to get men to agree Still one further element of Heller's humor is his comical language. Easy And Abuses Of Internet. The.
dialogue is extremely comical at times. An example of native essay this is the english descriptive essays, hearing where. Clevinger is being tried. Throughout this entire scene the characters often. retort with just one word and even contradict something they said a moment ago.
Dr.Peek believes that the squadron sometimes overcomes the native religion essay, officers command of. the them by and abuses of internet, comical language (36). Heller uses irony throughout both novels in american, titles and characters in. order to satirize. Throughout Catch-22 Heller discusses the theme of reality and. appearance. He also discusses the difference between what is said and literary statements for to what is. real.
This leads to Heller's irony. The best example of this theme of reality is. when Colonel Catchart is discussing whether to native essay, punish Yossarian or give him a. medal (Peek 21). Dr. Peek also believes that the novel juxtaposes scenes in.
order to great a ironic perspective (Peek 10). In both Good as Gold and Catch-22 Heller names the books ironically. The. title of Catch-22 is very ironic because the definition of Catch-22 is that in. order to be removed from duty you must be insane. The catch to it is that if you.
go to a doctor because you believe that you are insane and you want to be. removed from combat duty you cannot. English Essays. The reason for this is that if you believe. you are insane and want to native religion, be removed from duty you must be sane because you. don't want to fight, hence risking death, any more. Olderman wrote about the. catch saying this Catch-22 is the principle that informs the military-economic. machine, giving it power and making war possible in the first place . . . the. illogical must be done because the high command [Catch-22] says it is logical
The title of Good as Gold is also ironic. It is literary for to, because Good as Gold is. the name of the contemporary Jewish novel that Professor Gold writes in Heller's. work. The irony of the title means to say that the novel he writes is only as. true and good as Gold is himself. Heller also makes his characters act ironically in both novels. In. Catch-22 Heller treats the senior officers in essay, his book with criticism and scorn.
General Dreedle's want to shoot Danby for moaning is an essay writing excellent example of his. portrayal of religion essay senior officers as incompetent, ridiculous characters (Merrill 16). The pinnacle of Heller's irony and therefore satire is in the characters and. situations surrounding the characters of Dr. English Descriptive. Daneeka and native religion Mudd. The satire in. both these incidents is directed toward record keeping. In Dr. Four. Daneeka's case he. is believed dead because the plane he was supposed to be on crashed, yet he is.
really alive. Religion. The opposite descriptive essays, is true in the Mudd situation. In this situation Mudd. is killed before he signs onto the combat roster so therefore he is treated as. being alive while really dead as being alive.
This treatment is native religion essay, such as his bags. will not be removed from his former tent, and also all of the enlisted men speak. of him throughout the book. And Abuses Of Internet. Dr. Peek also points out native essay one further ironic. highlight in the novel, McWatt's death. He believes that McWatt's death is. ironic because McWatt had no malice yet he was violently killed (Peek 24). Good as Gold also has a certain element of english essays irony although it is native american, less. apparent.
The characters of the thesis for to, White House seem to take their job lightly and. do the improper things. The offering of a White House job as high-level as the. Secretary of State to Professor Gold by Ralph Newsome, the american religion essay, presidential aide, simply because the president liked Gold's book on him is ironic and a excellent.
example of satire. In Catch-22 Heller also portrays characters that hold high level. positions in the military as being incompetent and irresponsible. Merrill. believes that almost all of the characters in the novel are portrayed.
incompetent which is according to satiric fashions. He sites the numerous. doctors that Yossarian fooled by essay writing, faking a liver condition. He also cites Gus and. Wes, Doctor Daneeka's assistants, as being incompetent for religion essay, their rushing of. people to the hospital for a fever and their painting to ill people's' toes and. gums violet (Merrill 18). It is also obvious in essays berlin, the novel that the military decisions are made in. a absurd way and are highly illogical. The prime example of this is in the. character Wintergreen who intercepts mail between the generals and doctors.
thereby allowing him to change orders to his liking. On this subject Burgess. commented in his work on contemporary fiction by saying His approach [Heller's] is not merely satirical it is surrealistic, absurd, even lunatic, though the aim. is serious enough to show . . . the monstrous egotism of the top brass (Burgess. 140).
This example of Wintergreen and the Burgess quote further show the. irresponsibility and incompetence of high ranking officers. Heller portrays the military in native american religion essay, Catch-22 as being exploitative of it's. soldiers and society. Analysis. This is true in certain circumstances such as the tight. bomb pattern that Colonel Cathcart deems imperative in order for him to native american religion essay, be. raised in command level. Outline For Research Paper Action. The military seems to native american religion essay, act irresponsibly almost all the. time.
At one point in english, the novel the military ordered a whole civilian town. destroyed in native, order to obtain a picture of a tight bomb pattern. This portraysion. goes farther then a tight bomb pattern it extends to four on liberty berlin, the point of total control. of the native religion, soldiers in the military. Dr. Peek comments on this saying that . . Thesis For To. . satire against dominating bureaucracy in general as the squadron begins to. realize that administrators whose job is to serve them have taken control of. their lives instead (20). The last device that Heller uses to create satire is in Good as Gold. In.
this novel he uses extreme amounts of caricature. American Essay. This occurs especially in the. White House characters. Merrill also points out ut dallas c Heller's caricature of Jewish. people as whole by religion essay, saying that their are no Jews in Good as Gold only.
caricatures conceived on a level somewhat between sitcom and essays slapstick (100). Heller's two novels, Catch-22 and Good as Gold, in short contain much. satire. Native Religion Essay. Catch-22 contains satire which is deeply integrated into it's. architecture, while Good as Gold is more superficial but still substantial. While Catch-22 satirizes primarily the military, Good as Gold satirizes the. White House and government. These two novels contain many devices such as humor, irony, and essay transition caricature in order to achieve the desired effect of satire.
As Karl. points out Catch-22 had a profound effect on peoples views on war and also a. impact on war novel's of the 1960's and 1970's. If these novels are read as. anything but satires they will not be appreciated nor understood totally. Artist: Essay on Books 1920-1970 1972:47-54. Rpt. in Heller, Joseph.
Contemporary Literary Criticism. Eds. Carolyn Riley. Vol. 3. Detroit: Gale, and It's Intellectual Background. 1970:156-159. Religion. Rpt. in. Heller, Joseph. Contemporary Literary Criticism. Eds. Carolyn Riley. Vol. 3. Detroit: Gale, 1975. 229. in Heller, Joseph. Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Carolyn Riley. Vol. 1. Detroit: Gale, 1973. 140. States Authors Series. Boston: Twayne, 1987.
Study of the American Novel in the Nineteen-Sixties. Rpt. in Heller, Joseph. Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Carolyn Riley. Vol. 3.