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Book Marketing and Book Promotion. Creating Worldwide Bestsellers. When you decide that you're ready to different types start dealing direct with radio stations, get Alex Carroll's program. His top radio show database, tapes of dealing with radio producers, and examples of research essay, actual talk shows will help you to become a radio talk show star. - John Kremer. Book Review Magazine Editors and Reviewers. These book reviewers and magazine editors have been updated as noted at the end of any listing (10/10), as October, 2010. If the contact is vital to you, verify the book reviewer's or editor's name and different types of compare, address before making submissions. Please send us any corrections or additions. Email Thanks.

Let's keep this list up-to-date for everyone. AudioFile , Robin Whitten, Editor, 37 Silver Street, P.O. Civil Litigation Essays. Box 109, Portland ME 04112-0109; 207-774-7563; Fax: 207-775-3744. Email: Web: Motto: The magazine for different types of compare, people who love audiobooks. A bimonthly magazine covering the donate essay, world of audiobooks.

Blackberry Express , Toni Trent Parker, Editor, Kids Cultural Books, 65 High Ridge Road #407, Stamford CT 06905; 203-359-6925; Fax: 203-359-3226. Email: Web: A quarterly newsletter on African-American literature for children. BlackBoard Bi-Weekly , Carr' Mel Ford White, Editor-in-Chief, 5361 Refugeee Road, Columbus OH 43232. A biweekly newsletter that became a stand-alone publication in types of compare and contrast essays, June 2001. It features stories and reviews involving books for African-Americans. The Bloomsbury Review , Marilyn Auer, Editor-in-Chief, Owaissa Communications, 1553 Platte Street #206, Denver CO 80202-1167; 303-455-3123; Fax: 303-455-7039.

Email: Web: Bimonthly book review magazine. Books Culture: A Christian Book Review , John Wilson, Editor, 465 Gundersen Drive, Carol Stream IL 60188; 630-260-6200; Fax: 630-260-0114. Medicine Personal. This bimonthly magazine reviews books on and contrast, science, politics, culture, fiction, etc. from a Christian perspective.

Circulation: 16,000. BookForum , 350 Seventh Avenue, New York NY 10001; 212-475-4000; Fax: 212-529-1257. Essays By Robert. Web: A quarterly book review publication with a focus on literary fiction, serious nonfiction, and photo/art books. Chris Lehmann and Michael Miller, Editors Albert Mobilio, Fiction Editor David O'Neill, Assistant Editor Alfredo Perez, Editor. Book Links: Connecting Books, Librarys, and different of compare essays, Classrooms , Laura Tillotson, Editor, American Library Association, 50 E. Huron Street, Chicago IL 60611-2729; 312-944-6780; 800-545-2433; Fax: 312-337-6787. Email: Web: This magazine is designed for phd thesis design, teachers, librarians, library media specialists, booksellers, parents, and other adults interested in connecting children with books. It publishes bibliographies (book roundups), author profiles, and other articles.

Booklist , American Library Association, 50 E. Huron Street, Chicago IL 60611-2729; 312-944-6780; 800-545-2433; Fax: 312-337-6787. Web: and Different. Published twice monthly. Of the 30,000 adult books they receive each year, they review about medicine statement, 4,000. Brad Hooper, Editor, Books for Adults. Email: Donna Seaman, Editor, Books for Adults. Email: Types Of Compare Essays. Laura Tillotson, Editorial Director, Books for Youth. Essay Abstract. Email: Ilene Cooper, Children's Books Editor.

Email: Gillian Engberg, Young Adult Book Editor. Email: Sue-Ellen Beauregard, Editor, Audiovisual Media. Email:

Rebecca Cnuk, Reference Book Editor ( Reference Books Bulletin ). Email: Different Of Compare. Galleys or other prepublicaton copies of reference books (dictionaries, encyclopedias, etc.) may be sent, but two finished copies are required before a review can be published. Persuasive Writing Services. Titles will not be reviewed more than six months past their publication date. Bookmarks , Jon Phillips, Editor and Publisher, 1818 MLK Boulevard #181, Chapel Hill NC 27514; 888-356-8107. Email: Web: Types Of Compare. A bimonthly magazine featuring reviews of novels and a few memoirs, biographies, and current event essays. Their content is excerpted from book reviews printed in various newspapers and magazines.

BookPage , ProMotion Inc., 2143 Belcourt Avenue, Nashville TN 37212; 615-292-8926; Fax: 615-292-8249. Web: This monthly tabloid review is distributed in by robert, hundreds of bookstores. We do not give review consideration to self-published books, print-on-demand titles or books from presses that lack major distribution. Of Compare And Contrast Essays. Lynn Green, Editor Abby Plesser, Fiction Editor Kate Pritchard, Nonfiction Editor Allison Hammond, Children's Editor. Bookreporter , The Book Report, 250 West 57th Street #1228, New York NY 10107. Web: The majority of our reviews on are fiction.

We review bestsellers, contemporary fiction, classic fiction, debut authors, mysteries, thrillers, some science fiction, and persuasive writing services, some romance. We also delve into nonfiction, newsworthy books, biographies and memoirs. There are several genres they generally do not review: how-to, self-help, health/medical, spiritual, religion, and travel guides. Also no ebooks, POD books, or self-published titles without wide distribution. Tom Donadio, Editorial Manager. Email: John Hogan, Contributing Editor, Graphic Novels and different types of compare and contrast, Manga. By Robert Frost. Email: Bulletin of the types of compare and contrast, Center for Children's Books , Deborah Stevenson, Editor, 501 E. Donate Blood Essay. Daniel Street, Champaign IL 61820; 217-244-0324; Fax: 217-244-3302. Email: Web:

Reviews more than 900 new children's books per year in 11 issues. Only trade and mass-market books are considered. They don't review textbooks, curricular materials, audios, videos, software, electronic publications, or magazines. Different Types Essays. Catholic Library World , Catholic Library Association, 100 North Street #224, Pittsfield MA 01201-5178; 413-443-2262. Email: Web: Phd Thesis. Quarterly magazine for types, Catholic schools, libraries, etc. Donate Blood. Send books for review to the address above.

They review books on theology, spirituality, Catholic religion, pastoral, and of compare, Catholic books for children and young adults (12/10). Sigrid Kelsey, General Editor, 141 Middleton Library, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge LA 70803; 225-578-2720. Email: Choice , 100 Riverview Center, Middletown CT 06457; 860-347-6933; Fax: 860-704-0465. Email: Web: Published by essay the Association of College and Research Libraries, they publish nearly 7,000 reviews per different types of compare and contrast, year (about 25% of the books they receive each year). Their focus is on books, tapes, e-books, etc. appropriate for libraries that serve students at the undergraduate level, including community colleges. Blood Essay. Also selective graduate level material of interest to essays advanced undergraduates. Essays. No undergraduate texts, foreign-language material, reprints, or professional texts. For more information and submission deadlines, contact Barbara May via email:

Context , ISU Campus 8905, Normal, IL 61790-8905; 309-438-7555; Fax: 309-438-7422. Email: Web: Essays. This quarterly publication primarily focuses on literary fiction, poetry, and essay, cultural studies. They also publish a sister review publication, The Review of Contemporary Fiction , with a focus on fiction (email: Curtis White, Editor Tim Feeney, Book Review Editor. Design Book Review , Richard Ingersoll, Editor, 1418 Spring Way, Berkeley CA 94708; 510-486-1956; Fax: 510-644-3938. Horn Book Magazine , 56 Roland Street #200, Boston MA 02129; 617-628-0225; 800-325-1170, ext. 4; Fax: 617-628-0882. Email: Types Of Compare And Contrast Essays. Web:

For submissions information, go to: (5/09). January Magazine , #101-1001 W Broadway #192, Vancouver, British Columbia V6H 4E4, Canada. Email: Web: This online magazine reviews fiction, crime fiction, children's books, art culture and essays by robert, cookbooks. They've featured interviews with Joseph Epstein, Ruth Ozeki, Russell Rowland, John Shannon, Sylvia Fraser, Russell Banks, Joe Sacco, Janice Galloway, Lee Child, John Connolly, Gabor Mate, Rohinton Mistry, and others. They do interviews, profiles, some news, and book reviews. Kirkus Reviews , 1133 Broadway #406, New York NY 10010; 212-209-1531. Web: Submission guidelines: (be sure to read these guidelines!).

This publication reviews more than 500 pre-publication books every month: fiction, nonfiction, childen's books, and young adult books (1/11). Eric Liebetrau , Managing Editor and different and contrast essays, Nonfiction Editor, 479 Old Carolina Court, Mount Pleasant SC 29464; 843-754-3784. Essays By Robert Frost. Email: Different And Contrast Essays. Elaine Szewczyk , Fiction Editor; ext. 25.

Email: Process Essays. Vicky Smith , Children's YA Editor, 99 Mitchell Road, South Portland ME 04106; 207-671-6846. Email: Types And Contrast. Perry Crowe, Discoveries Editor; ext. 22. Email: Self-published books and books that have already been published. You must pay for research, these reviews.

Molly Brown, Senior Online Feature Editor; ext. 20. Email: Lambda Book Report , Greg Herren, Editor, Lambda Literary Foundation, P.O. Box 73910, Washington DC 20056-3910; 202-682-0952; Fax: 202-682-0955. Email: Different Types. Web: Monthly book review of civil litigation, gay/lesbian books. Different Types. Library Journal , 160 Varick Street, 11th Floor, New York NY 10013; 646-380-0700; Fax: 646-380-0756. Email: Web:

Book review submission guidelines: Monthly book review journal aimed at librarians. When submitting books for review, include the following information: Author, title; name, address, and telephone number of publisher; date of publication; price; number of essays, pages; and ISBN and LC numbers if available. Different Types Of Compare And Contrast Essays. Please indicate whether any illustrations, an index, or bibliography will be included; also include a brief description of the civil litigation, book, its intended audience, and information on the author's background. We prefer to receive materials three to four months in different types of compare, advance of donate blood essay, publication date since our primary goal is prepublication review. We will accept galleys, page proofs, or manuscripts (only one copy is necessary).

Those publishers (small houses) that cannot supply advance galleys may submit finished books, but these should be sent as early as possible with the words In lieu of different types essays, galleys and the publication date affixed to the cover. Francine Fialkoff, Editor-in-Chief; 646-380-0715. Email: Michael Kelley, Executive Editor, Features News; 646-380-0740. Email: Barbara Hoffert , Editor, Prepub Alert; 646-380-0726. Email:

Heather McCormack , Reviews Editor; 646-380-0736. Email: Also Graphic Novels Review Editor. Wilda Williams , Fiction Editor; 646-380-0755. Email: Margaret Heilbrun , Senior Editor; 646-380-0723. Essays. Email: Michael Rogers , Media Editor; 646-380-0744. Email: Reviews audiobooks in types and contrast essays, CD, mp3, and good internal medicine, other formats.

Promotional material must accompany each audiobook, noting publication date, number of different of compare and contrast essays, discs, number of design, hours, whether abridged/unabridged, narrator, category, ISBN, and price. Types Of Compare. Please also specify whether an MP3-CD and/or digital downloadable edition is medicine personal statement, available. And Contrast Essays. Bette-Lee Fox , Video Review Editor; 646-380-0717. Email: Henrietta Thornton-Verma, Reference Editor; 646-380-0748. Persuasive Essay Writing. Email: Anna Katterjohn, Magazines Editor; 646-380-0729.

Email: Cheryl LaGuardia, Online Database Reviewer. Different Types And Contrast. Email: Also writes the E-Views blog. Josh Hadro, Associate Editor, Reference Academic Newswire; 646-380-0722. Email: Also Online Database Reviewer. At the donate blood essay, ALA Conference in types of compare and contrast essays, 2001, Hoffert reported that out of the 600 to litigation process 900 review copies she receives each week, she sends out 10 to 20 for different essays, review (but they actually review more than 6,000 books each year, which works out to about 120 books being sent out for review each week). Library Talk , Carolyn Hamilton, Editor, Linworth Publishing Company, 480 E. Essay Abstract. Wilson Bridge Road #L, Worthington OH 43085-2373; 614-436-7107; Fax: 614-436-9490. Web:

Locus , Locus Publications, P O Box 13305, Oakland CA 94661; 510-339-9196; Fax: 510-339-9198. Email: Web: Monthly newsletter on science fiction, with lots of book reviews (12/10). Liza Groen Trombi, Editor-in-Chief Carolyn Cushman , Senior Editor, New Notable. Also writes the Books Received column.

Jonathan Strahan , Reviews Editor. London Review of types and contrast, Books , 28 Little Russell Street, London WC1A 2HN United Kingdom; 44-20-7209-1101; Fax: 44-20-7209-1102. Email: Essay Abstract. Web: Published 24 times per types, year, they review major literary fiction, cultural and social books, politics, biography, memoirs, etc. (12/09). Internal Medicine Personal. Mary-Kay Wilmers, Editor Jean McNicol, Deputy Editor. Midwest Book Review , James Cox, Editor, 278 Orchard Drive, Oregon WI 53575; 608-835-7937. New York Review of Books , Robert B. Silvers, Editor, 435 Hudson Street #300, New York NY 10014-3994; 212-757-8070; Fax: 212-333-5374. Different And Contrast Essays. Email: Research. Web: Published 20 times a year.

Books reviewed in different of compare and contrast essays, 2/24/11 issue: And the Show Went On: Cultural Life in Nazi-Occupied Paris, Autobiography of civil, Mark Twain, Germany Abolishes Itself, When the Killing's Done, The Imaginations of different types of compare essays, Unreasonable Men, The Killing of Crazy Horse, Help Wanted, The Global Achievement Gap, Math Works: The Building Blocks of design, Success, The Global Auction, The Foreign-Born Labor Force in the United States, What Is a Palestinian State Worth?, Occupation of the Territories, Why Does College Cost So Much? . Pages , John Hogan, Editor-in-Chief, Creation Integrated Media, 5880 Oberlin Drive, San Diego CA 92121; 858-812-6488; Fax: 858-450-3555. Email: Web: Motto: The magazine for and contrast, people who love books. This bimonthly magazine, published by a sister company to Advanced Marketing Services, focuses on bestselling fiction, celebrity books, and children's books. Publishers Weekly , 71 West 23rd Street #1608, New York NY 10010; 212-377-5500; Fax: 212-377-2733. Web: The weekly trade magazine for the book publishing industry in the United States. Submission guidelines: (be sure to read these guidelines). (7/12). Sonia Jaffe Robbins, Managing Editor. Email:

Andrew Albanese, Features Editor. Email: Louisa Ermelino , Reviews Director. Good Internal Personal. Email: In charge of the book review department at of compare and contrast essays PW.

Sarah F Gold , Senior Reviews Editor, Nonfiction. Email: Peter Cannon , Senior Reviews Editor, Mysteries, Science Fiction, Horror, and Fantasy. Email: Diane Roback , Editor, Children's Bookshelf. Email: Weekly email newsletter covering children's books news and essay, reviews.

Lynn Andriani , Senior Editor, Cooking the Books. Email: Biweekly email newsletter covering cookbook reviews and of compare, news. Research Abstract. Marcia Z Nelson , Publisher Weekly Religion Reviews, 1118 Garfield Street, Aurora IL 60506. Different Types And Contrast. Email: Craig Teicher, Senior Web Editor.

Email: QBR: The Black Book Review , Max Rodriguez, Executive Editor, 9 West 126th Street, 2nd Floor, New York NY 10027; 212-348-1681; Fax: 212-427-9901. Web: This review of African American books is published six times per year. Quill Quire , St. Joseph Media, 111 Queen St East #320, Toronto, Ontario M5C 1S2, Canada; 416-360-0044. Web:

Published 10 times per year, this is Canada's magazine of book news and essay, book reviews (12/10). Rain Taxi Review of Books , Eric Lorberer, Editor, P.O. Box 3840, Minneapolis MN 55403. Types. Email: Web: Research. A quarterly review of small press literary, graphic novels, poetry, and of compare and contrast essays, alternative nonfiction books. Litigation Process. RT Book Reviews , 55 Bergen Street, Brooklyn NY 11201; 718-237-1097; Fax: 718-624-4231. Different Types Of Compare. Email:

Web: Donate Blood. Reviews more than 250 new romance novels in types and contrast, every issue (12/10). Faygie Levy, Executive Editor Stephanie Klose, Senior Editor and Reviews Coordinator. Email: Elissa Petruzzi, Senior Editor. Email: Interviews authors, features new trends, and reviews young adult fiction. Morgan Doremus, Website Editor. Donate Essay. Email: Different Essays. School Library Journal , 160 Varick Street, 11th Floor, New York NY 10013; 646-380-0700; Fax: 646-380-0756.

Web: Book review submissions: Monthly book review journal for school libraries (1/11). SLJ reviews new children's and young adult general trade books, original paperbacks, and reference books from established publishers. The reviews are available in our monthly magazine and phd thesis, on-line.

In order to be considered for review, books must be of types of compare and contrast, national interest and litigation process, be readily available from national distributors at an institutional discount. SLJ does not review books for parents or teachers, reissues, textbooks, books that have blanks to be filled in by readers, direct submissions from different of compare authors, or books that are self-published. Good Internal. Two copies of the different types of compare and contrast essays, book must be received at essay least two months before the month of different essays, publication. Books received later than that will not be considered. Galleys may be submitted; however, they must be followed by two copies of the finished book. Frost. Review coverage is not automatic; many books submitted are not reviewed, mainly due to limited page space. It takes a minimum of three months from the time a book arrives for it to be reviewed.

No review is published until SLJ has received a publisher's catalog, two copies of the book, and the following bibliographic information: author, title, binding(s), price(s), publication month and year, ISBN(s), Library of Congress number and whether or not Cataloging in types and contrast, Publication data will appear in the book.

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New Monarchies 1450 To 1550 Essays and Research Papers. New Monarchies , which were very powerful centralized governments with unified inhabitants, start emerging in types of compare essays the mid-15th . century. Factors responsible for this advance were the phd thesis, vast demographic and different and contrast essays economic growth. Medicine! Before these New Monarchies were formed there were many changes the new monarchs had to make: including weakening powerful rivals, increasing revenue, unifying the different of compare and contrast essays, country, and strengthening the power of the king and his bureaucracy. Three countries successful in strengthening themselves. Catherine of persuasive essay services Aragon , Christopher Columbus , Ferdinand II of Aragon 948 Words | 3 Pages. ? New Monarchies Essay A new monarchy brings power to the royal family. It does this in many ways. . A new monarchy reduces the power of nobility, and confiscates land from the nobles that are on their land. They also impose taxes and different types of compare essays tariffs on whatever they want.

A new monarchy will also create standing armies and hire mercenaries to protect their land and to research essay abstract, grow their empire. Different Types And Contrast Essays! Basically a new monarchy wants to bring money, power, and control to the royal family that is in essays by robert rule. Of Compare And Contrast Essays! An example. Catherine of Aragon , Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor , Ferdinand II of Aragon 859 Words | 3 Pages. Renaissance: Monarchy and essays Middle Class. AP Euro *Using examples from at of compare, least two different states, analyze the key features of the “ new monarchies ” and . the factors responsible for their rise in the period 1450 to 1550 . The Renaissance was a time of revival of blood ancient thought mixed with new intellectual expressions. However, some areas were experiencing unfortunate setbacks in flourishing during this time. The 100 Years’ war was a war that weakened and depopulated France. The War of essays Roses was a civil war that created. Aristocracy , Bourgeoisie , Head of phd thesis state 832 Words | 3 Pages. ?There was nothing new about the New Monarchy , 1492-1516.

Assess the validity of this view. Introduction: A debate . as to whether Ferdinand and Isabella followed the medieval principles of monarchy – peripatetic, dispensing justice, warrior kings OR whether they introduced a new style of monarchy . New Monarchy Argument: Securing an Erastian Relationship: rebuild their relationship with the papacy Pope’s agreement, in 1486, that the Crown would exercise a ?Patronato? over all ecclesiastical benefices. Catholic Monarchs , Christopher Columbus , Crown of Castile 868 Words | 2 Pages. THE MONARCHY Group Q Jacqueline At present, Elizabeth II is the Queen of the UK, the ‘Head of State’, however; not the ‘Head of different of compare British . Government’. The existence of the monarchy is controversial. Some people think that monarchy has no necessity to exist, and by robert frost it ought to be abolished as soon as possible. On the other hand, the different and contrast, opposition applies an opinion that the monarchy should be maintained because of its special value in the UK.

People argue about these two viewpoints for a long time. . Constitutional monarchy , Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom , Head of essay state 1162 Words | 4 Pages. estimated cost of different types essays ?202 million a year the British monarchy is the most expensive in Europe and is more than double the cost of the Dutch . monarchy . ?202.4 million is equivalent to the cost of 9,560 nurses, 8,200 police officers and more than the total annual Ministry of essay services Defence spending on food (Royal Finances, 2012). What we really have to question is, is it worth it? What do we, as British citizens, gain from paying for different, such an expensive monarchy when the essay services, money could be spent on nursing, policing. Democracy , England , Monarchy 1438 Words | 4 Pages. Comparing 600- 1450 1450 -1750 Periods of time have always been changing and evolving. The 600 to 1450 era had . some similarities to the following era, the 1450 to the 1750; though as said before, there were the changes also. Many continuities and breaks occurred between both periods. There were the changes in and contrast essays their trading systems, the essays by robert, technology, their global interactions, urbanization, social systems, and their political government development. These events led to types, various inventions and some.

Catholic Church , Counter-Reformation , Martin Luther 1009 Words | 3 Pages. Canadian Constitutional Monarchy A constitutional monarchy is writing services a form of government where the monarch acts as the head of . state, and has to act within the boundaries of the different of compare essays, constitution. By Robert Frost! Canada is part of the British Commonwealth, which automatically classifies us as a constitutional monarchy . Types! The benefit of this system is that the monarch will always govern its state and people in a way that is civil and fair. Persuasive Services! The Queen of different types of compare England is the head of Canada’s constitutional monarchy , but her powers are. British Empire , Canada , Constitutional monarchy 825 Words | 3 Pages.

1. THE BRITISH MONARCHY IS AN OUTDATED GOVERNMENTAL STRUCTURE THAT HAS NO PLACE IN THE MODERN WORLD A monarchy is political . Civil Litigation! system based upon the undivided sovereignty or rule of a single person. The term applies to states in which supreme authority is vested in the monarch, an individual ruler who functions as the head of state and who achieves his position through heredity. Succession usually passes from father to son or follows other arrangements within the family or the monarchical dynasty. Commonwealth realm , Elizabeth II of the different, United Kingdom , Head of state 1483 Words | 4 Pages. Down with the Monarchy In today’s modern society, the monarchy supposedly plays a very important role. They sit in their . castles and palaces, making important life changing decisions for others and help develop their country into design something more. Is that not the role of of compare and contrast a king or queen, to rule with an iron fist?

Apparently not in Britain. Over the many years the persuasive essay, monarchy’s role has changed extensively. Different Types Of Compare! From an overwhelming powerhouse that always has the last say, into a conservative party of. British Empire , British Royal Family , Commonwealth realm 1056 Words | 3 Pages. allowed the British public to make their peace with the past and indulge in this romantic celebration of a British fairy tale. Nevertheless, and even amidst . the countdown to essay, the royal wedding, concerns about the role of the institution of British monarchy continued to be heard. We are, therefore, going to different, try to deal with the question of phd thesis design whether such an institution is still relevant in the 21st century. In order to answer this question, we shall first discuss the types, arguments disparaging the British. Commonwealth realm , Constitutional monarchy , Head of donate essay state 1664 Words | 5 Pages. The View of Absolute Monarchies The extent to which rulers and different types of compare and contrast their subjects viewed the role of an absolute monarch was different. Persuasive Essay! The . And Contrast! time of this political issue on process essays, absolute monarchies was around the 1600s.

There were people for the absolute monarchies , people with their own monarchies and people against monarchies . Different! Each one had there own idea for what the research essay, role of the monarchy was the people against it thought it was oppressive the people for it thought it was because people couldn’t rule. Absolute monarchy , Constitutional monarchy , Form of government 1125 Words | 3 Pages. Technological advances during the period 1450 -1750, or the Renaissance Era, were major influences to the way of life seen today. The ships, . tools for traveling, especially the ones made Portugal and Spain all Impact society today, allowing for the age of exploration to emerge. All these tools proved prosperous but known more important than the printing-press independently developed in Germany by Johannes Gutenberg. Germany before this time was divided, in other words not a country yet, but divided. Book , Germany , Johannes Gutenberg 882 Words | 3 Pages. Technology, Demography, and the Environment 1450 -1750 The main trend relating to technology, demography, and the environment from . Different! 1450 to 1750 are … Some of the most influential new technologies were guns, improved shipbuilding, and better navigational devices. The invention of guns would forever change the way wars were fought. Phd Thesis! Instead of swords, bows and arrows, or lances, guns would emerge as the dominant global weapon.

They were lighter than cannons and more efficient than bows and arrows. Cannon , Culture , Empire 939 Words | 3 Pages. Machiavelli's on A republic vs. a monarchy. the good and the bad. Another reason Machiavelli finds a Republic much more suitable is that when it comes time to elect an official, he believes that their . “elections of magistrates make far better choice than princes” (Machiavelli pg.

264). In a monarchy , the prince is different types usually born into royalty and tries to impersonate past rulers they may have found to seem successful. Machiavelli believes that “people of a republic would never elect a man of infamous character and corrupt habits to any post of. Democracy , Florence , Government 1013 Words | 3 Pages. Democratic Government and Monarchy. Democratic Government and good internal personal statement Monarchy The types of system of types and contrast essays government Democracy and civil litigation process essays Monarchy are different from each other. The . actual founder of the modern democracy was John Locke, who argued with Thomas Hobbes, the types and contrast, one who believed that one person king or queen should rule. Government has been an issue throughout time. Many different governments have been established, demolished and replaced over the time, but the design, question is which one is better?

In democracy they give the people more freedom. Autocracy , Communist state , Democracy 1137 Words | 3 Pages. Constitutional Monarchy With the development of the types of compare and contrast essays, society, the people’s minds have changed. During these years, people discuss a topic about . abolishing constitutional monarchy . By Robert! As for this question, voters choose whether to keep the different of compare and contrast, King or not at essay, parliament every day. Constitutional monarchy is a kind of political institution in which the king is regarded as head of the state, but he does not have political rights. Types Of Compare Essays! He nominates premier and the premier manages the government. There are many countries. Canada , Commonwealth realm , Constitutional monarchy 821 Words | 3 Pages. ?Advantages of Monarchy Patriotism: Monarchs, by their very nature, are more patriotic than either Prime Ministers or Presidents. They hold . great affection for their respective countries: a Prime Minister or President may be at the same post in other countries but Monarchs never have this conflict of interest.

So, fundamentally, it is in the interest of essays by robert any monarch to work towards greater patriotism. Every monarch makes a considerable contribution in the building of his or her nation. One who. Constitutional monarchy , Democracy , Head of state 785 Words | 3 Pages. ?Unit 07 The Monarchy Appearance The Monarchy in Britain illustrates the different of compare, contradictory nature of the constitution. Civil Process Essays! It is . believed that the Queen has almost absolute power and all seems very undemocratic. Every years when the Parliament begins its activities, Queen Elizabeth II makes a speech in which she announces what “my government” will do along the year.

So the government belongs to different types of compare essays, her instead to the people. It is civil process very different from the situation in other countries like USA or Argentina. Commonwealth realm , Constitutional monarchy , Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 1049 Words | 2 Pages. Relevance of the British Monarchy. RELEVANT TO THE MODERN AGE ARE THE BRITISH MONARCHY’S CONSTITUTIONAL FUNCTIONS?

The British monarchy has always played an different and contrast important role . throughout history. It has managed to create such wealth and persuasive writing power such as the different types of compare, Golden Age of essays frost Elizabeth I. Within her 45 year reign she established the Church of England and saw voyages of types of compare and contrast essays discovery which lead to the accumulation of riches beyond its borders. The monarchy has also gone through various changes to throughout its realm such as the declaration of blood King. Commonwealth realm , Constitutional monarchy , Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 763 Words | 3 Pages. 1450 -1750 Review What were the major changes/developments from 1450 – 1750?

1450 -1750 Major Developments . ?European discovery of Americas creates a New Global Economy which begins a process of globalization ?Atlantic Trade Network (Triangular Trade) ?Atlantic Slave Trade ?Major Biological Exchanges (Columbian Exchange) ? New Empires in Asia, Africa, Europe and Americas ?Gunpowder Empires ?Colonial administrations ?Coercive labor systems ?Slave Systems ?Rise of different types and contrast Europe ?Scientific Revolution ?Enlightenment. Christopher Columbus , Iran , Iraq 1173 Words | 128 Pages. The monarchy The appearance The position of the monarch in phd thesis design Britain is a perfect illustration of the contradictory nature of the different types of compare and contrast essays, . constitution. From the evidence of written law only, the Queen has almost absolute power, and it all seems very undemocratic. Phd Thesis! The American constitution talks about government of the people for the people by the people. There is types and contrast essays no law in Britain which says anything like that. In fact, there is no legal concept ofthe people at all. Every autumn, at the state opening of. British Royal Family , Charles, Prince of Wales , Commonwealth realm 3215 Words | 5 Pages.

Jackman The Colonies of New Spain In the decades after 1519, the Spaniards created the distinctive colonial society of New . Civil Essays! Spain. Through this paper I will discuss the features of this new society, how it benefitted the of compare and contrast, Spanish, and civil litigation essays its toll on different and contrast essays, the native populations using evidence and persuasive essay writing facts found in out textbook, The American Promise: A Concise History and an article from the Economist Newspaper titled, Americas:1519: The Conquest. It started in the sixteenth century when the New World helped Spain. 16th century , Americas , Hernan Cortes 1058 Words | 3 Pages. Course Paper The Role of the Monarchy in Modern Britain. Paper The Role of the Monarchy in different types Modern Britain Student: N.S. Golovatenko Group ¹ 403 Checked by: A.A. Shestova Position: Candidate of . Philological Sciences, Associate professor Department: English Language Omsk -2014 CONTENTS: Introduction…………………………………………………………………………. 3 The Role of the Monarchy in Modern Britain…………………………………………4 Summary.………………………………………………………………………………. Phd Thesis! 8 Sources…………………………………………………………………………………9 Introduction Britain's constitutional monarchy developed over a.

Absolute monarchy , Constitutional monarchy , Elizabeth II of the different types of compare essays, United Kingdom 1842 Words | 10 Pages. Church of design England was no exception. Issues with the monarchy ruling the types of compare essays, church in essays frost Britain was the reason for many debates, wars, civil issues . and rights to the throne. Initially the Church was under Papal rule, making the Pope have control over something the Throne did not. Different Types Of Compare And Contrast! Hunger for power in the sixteenth century was not limited to land control and civil control; it spread right up to good, the Church of essays England causing many problems for the monarchy and research Papal authority. The argument during this time. Bishop , Catholic Church , Christianity 2035 Words | 5 Pages. New Historicism is different essays a modern literary theory that focuses on how events, culture, and places within a society influence a written work. . New Historicists analyze allusions to characteristics of the time period in blood which the work was written. And Contrast! By definition, new historicism seeks to discover the significance in a text by taking into account the research abstract, work within the construction of the different types of compare essays, established ideas and assumptions of its historical era. Literary texts are entrenched with historical context and donate the author. Elizabeth I of England , Elizabethan era , English literature 795 Words | 3 Pages.

?During the period between 1450 -1750, Western Europe has gone through various religious upheavals and drastic changes. Different Of Compare! Some of essay these changes . have led to conflict, often bloody, and subsequently shifts of power within the different types of compare and contrast, West. In contrast, some of these changes have also led to the technological advancement of the West and the eventual world dominance of Western Europeans in economics, politics, and innovation. These revolutionary changes and eras include the Renaissance, Protestant Reformation. Bishop , Catholic Church , Christianity 1050 Words | 2 Pages.

earned the name “ new monarchs”. There were several factors that helped these leaders rise. Most of the “ new monarchs” that arose . Phd Thesis! during 1450 to 1550 . In England, King Henry VII taking major steps in building the economy, causing a downshift in noble’s power, Spain’s monarchy came to power through the marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella, France’s Louis XI earned his power by playing mind games, happily snatching the power away from nobles. King Henry VII who supposedly became the “ new monarch” of England. Edward IV of England , Henry VI of England , Henry VII of England 1007 Words | 3 Pages.

Religion = Art Pope wanted to make a new dome for sistine chapel. Michelangelo was asked to paint it. the different types of compare, pope needed $ to build so he sold . indulgences. Luther was against this. Church art frequently featured holy figures, Protestants (iconoclasts) didn't like this. Church leaders were frequently patrons of artists | Renaissance ideas = shipbuilding, techniques, astrolabe, compass. Essays! Humanism = human accomplishments of exploration. Printing press helped circulate news of Columbus's travel | Legitimacy. Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor , Christianity , Elizabeth I of England 962 Words | 3 Pages.

? New Zealand is an island in different types of compare and contrast essays the southeastern Pacific Ocean. Capital : wellington Population : 4.471 million (2013) Environment: native . forest, mountain, beaches, glaciers, and have been preserved by the people around the great top tourist attractions. Charming villages vast untouched wilderness The bay islands: most popular holiday destinations in new Zealand , contains 144 islands, many animals that live in donate blood essay the marine life, around these beautiful islands, are whales, penguins, dolphins, and. Aoraki/Mount Cook , Auckland , Edmund Hillary 664 Words | 3 Pages. OLD IMPERIALISM VS. NEW IMPERIALISM DIFFERENCES |Categories |Old Imperialism . Different And Contrast! | New Imperialism | | | 1450 -1650 |1870-1914 | |Economic Causes |“God, Glory, and good Gold” |Cheap, certain raw materials—metals, . Africa , British Empire , Colonialism 613 Words | 6 Pages. Between 1450 and 1700, attitudes toward the different of compare essays, European poor changed dynamically, roughly following a three-part cycle. In the late 1400's, the . poor were regarded with sympathy and compassion; generous aid from both public and religious institutions was common.

By the 16th Century, however, the poor were treated with suspicion and medicine personal harsh measures, to ensure that they were not becoming lazy, using welfare as a substitute for different of compare, labor. Beginning in the 17th Century, the attitudes toward the poor again shifted. 16th century , 2nd millennium , Africa 972 Words | 3 Pages. CCOT Essay Trade Between Africa And Eurasia From 300 To 1450 CE. from 300 to 1450 CE like the donate essay, trade routes that were used, what was traded, and who participated in trade, there were several changes. Different Of Compare And Contrast Essays! Changes . in trade include development of the Indian Ocean trade network around 800 CE, exchange of Islam during Arab invasions in the 8th century, and the creation of new kingdom and empires such as the Mali empire during the phd thesis design, 13th century. To begin, trade routes that African and types and contrast Eurasian societies utilized changed as well as continued from 300 to 1450 CE. The Mediterranean. Africa , Algeria , Egypt 891 Words | 3 Pages. Due: 9/15/2014 In the primary source Bartolome de Las . Casas debates the subjugation of the Indians, 1550 , de Las Casas informs the reader of the ideology of the Europeans.

People coming to the New World believed that they were superior to the Indians. Many people believed that they were barbarous, including a man named Sepulveda, who stated that they were “natural slaves” Although once like the Spanish. Bartolome de las Casas , Ethnic groups in Europe , Hudson River 973 Words | 3 Pages. Russia 1450 -1750Western civilization changed significantly between 1450 and 1750. Frost! While Russia remained an agricultural society, . the West became very commercially active and developed a strong manufacturing base. Many of the core areas of the West transformed; governments increased their powers, science became the focus of different of compare and contrast essays intellectual life. These changes resulted from good medicine statement, overseas expansion. Russia, on the other hand, was heavily concerned with territorial expansion, eventually becoming the chief power.

Byzantine Empire , Moscow , Peter I of different types and contrast Russia 418 Words | 2 Pages. The Printing Press and the Cultural Emancipation of Early-Modern Europe, 1450-1800. Cultural Emancipation of Early-Modern Europe, 1450 -1800 Merriam-Webster's English dictionary defines emancipation as the, . [freedom] from . Blood! restraint, control, or the types of compare and contrast, power of another, and [freedom] from essay writing, any controlling influence. The cultural emancipation that began in early-modern Europe prior to the Renaissance had a deep effect on the lives of its constituents. The printing press, invented in 1455 by types of compare and contrast essays Johannes Gutenberg, presented the public with a new forum for book production as the very first. Book , Gutenberg Bible , Johannes Gutenberg 2007 Words | 6 Pages.

Absolutism: Monarchy and Divine Right. eighteenth centuries, unlike Democracy, which wasn’t as effective during these times. Absolutism is essay abstract a form of government in types of compare which one person has complete . power. There is Absolute Monarchy and some monarchs were known to have Divine Right. Divine Right is the belief that God gave the research abstract, monarch the entitlement to rule. Absolute Monarchy is different types of compare essays when the monarch doesn’t have constitutional limits. Democracy is a form of government in which the people have the donate essay, right to choose their own leaders. This government wasn’t. Absolute monarchy , Autocracy , Constitutional monarchy 1349 Words | 6 Pages.

Ap World Notes. the Maritime Revolution to 1550. AP world notes. Of Compare And Contrast Essays! The Maritime Revolution to 1550 . Ferdinand Magellan * 1511-sailed from Europe around southern tip of Africa and east . across Indian ocean * Member of first Portuguese expedition to explore east indies * 1521-goal was achieved by sailing across Atlantic rounding southern tip of South America and crossing pacific ocean * High price * Killed in battle April 27, 1521 while aiding a local ruler who promised to persuasive essay services, become Christian * Very little resources- survivors. Atlantic Ocean , Equator , Indian Ocean 525 Words | 2 Pages. FLOURISHED DURING THE AGE OF EXPLORATION AND DISCOVERY ( 1450 -1650), PARTICULARLY IN THE AMERICAS AND PARTS OF ASIA. - A GENERAL DECLINE . OCCURRED IN IMPERIALISM DURING THE AGE OF METTERNICH, WITH GOVERNMENTS CONCENTRATING PRIMARILY ON INTERNAL PROBLEMS. Types Essays! - THE REVIVAL OF IMPERIALISM - THE NEW IMPERIALISM TOOK PLACE BETWEEN 1870 AND 1914. - REASONS FOR THE NEW IMPERIALISM: - ECONOMICS WAS THE MOST IMPORTANT SINGLE FACTOR IN THIS NEW IMPERIALISM. MUCH OF THIS ECONOMIC EMPHASIS WAS BROUGHT. British Empire , Capitalism , Colonialism 965 Words | 4 Pages.

Discursive Essay - The British Monarchy. as it is no doubt her British loyalists paying for the commuting and security for her. Frost! Why should we cough up so she can swan off to Timbuktu or the like? . Perhaps she’s caught onto the fact that her position isn’t quite what it used to be when the monarchy could order a criminal to be beheaded as easily as calling their maid for a cup of tea. Different Of Compare And Contrast Essays! Perhaps she’s upset now that she has so few powers, besides handing out awards to heroes and celebrities. She even had a role in the James Bond sketch for the. Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom , Money , RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 1449 Words | 4 Pages.

Political Systems Evaluate the Role of the Current Monarchy in One Country of Your Choice. to What Extent Does It Fulfill Its Purpose? the role of the current monarchy in one country of your choice. To what extent does it fulfill its purpose? (Preparatory Project, First . Medicine! Draft) Ramankulov Assylmurat Student number: 201202018 Tutor: Samantha Mullins Date of submission: January 9, 2013 Word count: 1033 Nazarbayev University University Preparatory Course, UCL Language Center The history of the monarchy of Great Britain has roots from the distant history. Of Compare! Since the inception of monarchy of phd thesis design Great Britain, it. British Empire , Commonwealth realm , Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 1189 Words | 4 Pages. Essay #1 After about essays 1450 , the advent of completely sovereign rulers started a shift from divided feudal governments to cohesive countrywide . Essay! monarchies . The characteristics of the feudal system did not disappear, but merely molded into the shape of the new monarchies . And Contrast! Territorial rulers still existed and representative organizations even grew in influence. Throughout 1450 to 1550 , a reformation of the governments of Western Europe created “ new monarchies ”. These new monarchies contained very distinct. Early Middle Ages , England , Feudalism 525 Words | 1 Pages.

NEW FRANCE The Seigneurial System New France was a French colony in design present-day Quebec and north-eastern Ontario. The . colony lasted from 1534, its discovery, when Jacques Cartier was sent to find a route to the Orient and and contrast precious gems and metals, to its formal surrender in 1759. An important part in the history of donate New France was the fur trade, as it brought many new things to the Natives living in Canada and helped New France develop. Europeans traded their supplies with the First Nations. Colonialism , First Nations , French colonial empire 1682 Words | 5 Pages. Mandible - the different types of compare, Queen’s military leader - plans to destroy the Monarchy and essay replace it with a dictatorship led by essays himself.

Z, on the other . hand, longs for the day when he is free of the colony to do what ever he chooses. Persuasive Essay Services! When Z learns of Mandible’s plan to eliminate the Queen he tries to different and contrast essays, stop Mandible while teaching others the value of thinking for persuasive services, yourself. Three types of government are well identified in the film - constitutional monarchy , dictatorship, and different types democracy. Remember that an persuasive essay writing ideology is. Absolute monarchy , Ant , Autocracy 514 Words | 3 Pages. Counter Reformation: A New and Distinctive Kind of Spirituality? ?Did the Counter-Reformation create a new and distinctive kind of different essays spirituality? The Counter-Reformation, or Catholic Reformation as it is . Persuasive Essay Writing Services! often referred to had ushered in an era of Catholic resistance to the Protestant Reformation. The Counter-Reformation can be defined by the various religious orders which sprang up during this Catholic resurgence and the approach in which they took in regards to different types of compare and contrast, responding the various social, artistic and political changes brought about by the Protestant Reformation. Catholic Church , Christianity , Council of essay abstract Trent 1990 Words | 6 Pages. Differences Between Monarchy and Democracy.

Differences between Monarchy and Democracy 1. Democracy is a type of different government that emanates from the constituted powers that are . elected, depending on the system (presidentialist, parliamentary, constitutional monarchy , semi presidentialist, semi parliamentary, etc. ) directly or indirectly by essays frost the people. Whereas in an absolute monarchy , an absolutist regime exists and is in power because of types of compare and contrast family lineage. 2. In democracy three state powers(in most cases) exist as a checks and balances. Constitution , Constitutional monarchy , Democracy 792 Words | 3 Pages. British Monarchy - Should They Stay or Should They Go? Yona Oshrat. British monarchy - Should they stay or should they go?

Yona Oshrat The nurse Jacintha Saldanha was looking after Prince William’s wife Kate – . who was suffering from morning sickness – when two Australian DJs called the hospital impersonating The Queen and Prince Charles. Believing the good personal, call was genuine she then transferred the call to the ward where Kate was staying where another nurse gave information about Kate’s condition. The nurse found hanged after the hoax call to the hospital - she committed. British Empire , British Royal Family , Commonwealth realm 1579 Words | 4 Pages. Essay # 1 The question of monarchy versus republic is different of compare and contrast essays mostly discussed from a highly emotional rather than a rational point of view.

A few . undignified occupants of royal thrones are enumerated, and are then presented as examples of monarchy as such. The defenders of good medicine monarchy are no better. They point to corrupt professional politicians, of different types of compare and contrast whom there exist a sufficient number, and claim that this is the necessary consequence of a republican constitution. Neither is by robert a rational argument. There have. Constitutional monarchy , Democracy , Law 1892 Words | 5 Pages. Why Did The Restored Bourbon Monarchy Fail In France (1815-30) Why did the restored Bourbon monarchy fail in France (1814-30)? Much of the historical interest in types and contrast essays the restored Bourbon monarchy . has concentrated on its shortcomings, often giving the impression that it was destined to failure from its very inception. Persuasive Writing! Indeed, as both the First and Second Restorations ended in relatively swift revolutions, it is difficult to and contrast essays, argue against the validity of research essay this method. However, I don't believe that the different of compare and contrast essays, question of essay abstract ?why a failure occurred' can be addressed properly.

Bourbon Restoration , Constitutional monarchy , French Revolution 1908 Words | 6 Pages. Antz Essay: Governmental Issues Like Monarchy, Communism And Democracy. In the movie “Antz”, the producers tied many governmental issues into the story. The colony was led like a Monarchy , Communism, and Democracy. . Communism for example was a major part of the story. Communism is types of compare essays a system where everything belongs to the community, so people own nothing much more than the clothes on their back, and the State owns everything. It leaves no reward for personal incentive, and even the lives of the populace don't belong to them, but to the State. Resisting was often death. Absolute monarchy , Autocracy , Democracy 927 Words | 3 Pages.

History 308 Mid-Term Exam October 8, 2012 18th century monarchy Royalty and power has always been one of the major underpinnings of . Western Civilization. Throughout the writing, course of European history, empires have risen and of compare essays kingdoms have fallen. The eighteenth century marks a time of great change and diversity for European empires and monarchs. It was a time of enlightenment, a break from custom and phd thesis design tradition, absolutism and different constitutional rule. Based on donate blood, this great rate of change, diversity. Absolute monarchy , Constitutional monarchy , Democracy 1133 Words | 3 Pages. to 1989.

2. Analyze how economic and social developments affected women in England in the period from 1700 to 1850. 3. Different And Contrast! Using examples from at design, least two . different states, analyze the key features of the “ new monarchies ” and essays the factors responsible for essay, their rise in the period 1450 to 1550 . 4. Compare and contrast the motives and actions of Martin Luther in the German states and King Henry VIII in England in bringing about religious change during the Reformation. 5. Historians speak of the. Eastern Europe , Europe , European Union 745 Words | 4 Pages. First of all, let me clarify each form of government is: MONARCHY : a form of types of compare and contrast essays government with a monarch at the head. Internal Medicine Personal! Monarch: a . hereditary sovereign, as a king, queen, or emperor OLIGARCHY: a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution. Different Types Essays! DEMOCRACY: a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of design a state, typically through elections. ------------------------------------------------- Oligarchy: These people. Absolute monarchy , Constitutional monarchy , Democracy 783 Words | 4 Pages. CHINA 1450 -1750 * China has outstanding naval capacity in the early 1400s (see the discussion of the different types of compare and contrast essays, Ming voyages in the unit Ming Voyages: . 1405-1433). * The Chinese political and social order is at research essay abstract, its height in this late imperial period of the types and contrast essays, last two dynasties: the examination system has, from the Tang dynasty onward, created a strong centralized and fully functional civil service in place of an aristocratic elite with a territorial base of services power. Of Compare! Scholar-gentry, residing at home as.

China , Emperor of China , Han Dynasty 1320 Words | 4 Pages. Changes and continuities in good medicine personal statement world trading systems during 1450-1750. fifteen century, one of the most important change occurred; a new type of trade began; influenced by the Portuguese and starting the most . shameful period of types and contrast essays history. It quickly expanded, and with the time more countries joined. This new type of trade was, what we today recall, as slavery which had major impacts on developments of the countries involved: Spain, Portugal, and later England. The European trade had its origins in Mali, around 1450 , when the phd thesis, famous leader Mansa Musa converted to Islam, and. Africa , Arab slave trade , Atlantic Ocean 1418 Words | 5 Pages.

Compare and Contrast Old and and contrast New Imperialism. Compare and Contrast old and essays frost new imperialism New Imperialism of the late 19th and early 20th centuries compared to Old . Different Types Of Compare And Contrast! Imperialism of the 16th and 17th centuries. Imperialism is the essays by robert frost, spread of control over different of compare territories across the globe. The Industrial Revolution and interests in nationalism created a new period of imperialism around 1750. Research Essay! Old imperialism lasted from 1450 - 1750, but imperialism alone remained until 1914.Old imperialism and new imperialism shared the same basic concept of controlling.

Africa , British Empire , Colonialism 1210 Words | 4 Pages. Explain the change and continuity of Economic systems and cultural trends from 1450-1900 in and contrast Europe. ?Amanda Wilson WHAP-B 11 February 2015 Changes and Continuities Over Time in Europe from 1450 -1900 The region of Western Europe has undergone . many shifts in their political, economic, and social structures throughout the centuries. Through centuries of searching for their identity, Western Europe emerged as a world power with their unique cultural and economical identity. From the 1450s to the 1900s, the economic structures shifted from once based purely on bullion to an industrialized economy while. Europe , European Union , Industrial Revolution 918 Words | 3 Pages. New Kid Being the new individual to join a group is, most likely, an unenjoyable experience. Medicine Statement! When the group being joined is one . in of compare and contrast which there is no option to remain distant from, becomes even worse. Specifically, in my life there was the phd thesis design, dreaded task of changing schools my junior year in high school. And Contrast! Being forced into a new group of essays people, a group that one must interact with on a daily basis is a difficult task. And Contrast Essays! However, those that reach out and internal medicine personal statement make sure that the transition goes smoothly, make.

2006 albums , Extracurricular activity , Feeling 915 Words | 3 Pages. this not only strengthened the Duchy of Moscow but gave them the administrative experience they would need for of compare and contrast essays, independence * Not surprisingly, the . Duchy of Moscow would spearhead the struggle for independence against the Mongols * Between 1450 and 1480 Russia cast off Mongol rule and proceeded on a course of territorial expansion and political centralization. All Ivans Great and Terrible * Ivan III - 1st significant leader * Married the niece of the last Byzantine emperor. Byzantine Empire , Latvia , Moscow 1699 Words | 7 Pages. ?Ashley Weaver Session B Topic 4 New places New faces Whether you are speaking of jobs, friends, scenery or state of mind, . in life change is inevitable.

Some welcome it with open arms, while others fight it until the good medicine personal, end, whatever “it” may be. Different Types Of Compare! We make a choice to handle such things or allow ourselves to be handled. Success is determined by abstract ability, or lack thereof, adjusting to different types and contrast essays, these changes presented in our lives. In my case, the research essay abstract, change was in residence. Though my birthplace happens to.

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act essay scale This action will open a new window. Do you want to proceed? Welcome to our new website! Let us know what you think! Feedback. Taking the ACT with writing will provide you and the schools to which you have ACT report scores with additional scores. You will receive a total of five scores for this test: a single subject-level writing score reported on a range of 2-12, and four domain scores, also 2-12, that are based on an analytic scoring rubric. The subject-level score will be the rounded average of the four domain scores. The four domain scores are: Ideas and Analysis, Development and Support, Organization, and Language Use and Conventions . An image of your essay will be available to your high school and the colleges to different types of compare, which you have ACT report your scores from persuasive services, that test date. Taking the writing test does not affect your subject area scores or your Composite score.

However, without a writing test score, no English Language Arts (ELA) score will be reported. Your essay will be evaluated based on the evidence that it provides of your ability to: clearly state your own perspective on the issue and analyze the relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective develop and support your ideas with reasoning and examples organize your ideas clearly and logically communicate your ideas effectively in standard written English. Two trained readers will score your essay on a scale of 1-6 in each of the four writing domains. Each domain score represents the different types of compare essays sum of the two readers' scores. If the readers' ratings disagree by more than one point, a third reader will evaluate the essay and resolve the discrepancy. You might be a little unsure of what to expect from a writing prompt and what kinds of responses score the highest. We took the phd thesis design guesswork out of it and types of compare essays created one sample prompt and six possible responses, ranging from weak to strong, that give you an idea of how to achieve your best score.

Remember that your scores for the four individual domains - ideas and analysis, development and support, organization, and language use and civil process conventions - will be communicated on a scale of types of compare essays 212. These domain scores are derived by adding together the individual scores, on litigation essays, a 16 scale, from each of two readers. Different? Scoring your writing test. Research Essay Abstract? This analytic scoring rubric presents the standards by which your essay will be evaluated. The following rubric overview will help you to better understand the dimensions of writing that this assessment evaluates. This task asks you to generate an essay that establishes your own perspective on a given issue and analyzes the relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective. In evaluating your response, trained readers will use an analytic rubric that breaks the central elements of written argument into four domains: Ideas and Analysis, Development and different types of compare essays Support, Organization, and blood essay Language Use and Conventions.

As you review these domains, think about the role each plays in types of compare and contrast, a written argument that accomplishes its purpose. Ideas and Analysis Scores in persuasive essay services, this domain reflect the ability to generate productive ideas and engage critically with multiple perspectives on the given issue. Competent writers understand the issue they are invited to address, the purpose for writing, and the audience. They generate ideas that are relevant to the situation. Development and Support Scores in this domain reflect the ability to discuss ideas, offer rationale, and bolster an argument. Competent writers explain and explore their ideas, discuss implications, and illustrate through examples. They help the reader understand their thinking about the types essays issue. Organization Scores in this domain reflect the essay services ability to organize ideas with clarity and purpose. Organizational choices are integral to effective writing. Competent writers arrange their essay in a way that clearly shows the relationship between ideas, and they guide the reader through their discussion.

Language Use and different and contrast Conventions Scores in this domain reflect the ability to process essays, use written language to convey arguments with clarity. Different Types? Competent writers make use of the conventions of grammar, syntax, word usage, and mechanics. They are also aware of their audience and adjust the process essays style and tone of their writing to communicate effectively. Learn more about how the writing test is scored. Compare ACT writing scores from 2015-2016 and types of compare essays 2016-2017. Scoring Rubric Prior to September 2015: Overview. These are the descriptions of scoring criteria that the trained readers will follow to determine the score (16) for your essay. Papers at each level exhibit all or most of the characteristics described at frost, each score point. Essays within this score range demonstrate effective skill in responding to the task. The essay shows a clear understanding of the task.

The essay takes a position on the issue and may offer a critical context for discussion. The essay addresses complexity by examining different perspectives on the issue, or by evaluating the implications and/or complications of the issue, or by fully responding to counterarguments to the writer's position. Development of ideas is ample, specific, and logical. Most ideas are fully elaborated. A clear focus on the specific issue in the prompt is maintained. The organization of the essay is and contrast essays clear: the organization may be somewhat predictable or it may grow from the writer's purpose.

Ideas are logically sequenced. Most transitions reflect the writer's logic and are usually integrated into the essay. The introduction and conclusion are effective, clear, and well developed. Blood Essay? The essay shows a good command of different of compare and contrast language. Sentences are varied and word choice is varied and precise. There are few, if any, errors to distract the reader. Essays within this score range demonstrate competent skill in responding to the task.

The essay shows a clear understanding of the task. The essay takes a position on essays, the issue and may offer a broad context for discussion. The essay shows recognition of complexity by partially evaluating the different types implications and/or complications of the essay issue, or by responding to counterarguments to different and contrast essays, the writer's position. Development of civil process ideas is specific and logical. Types? Most ideas are elaborated, with clear movement between general statements and specific reasons, examples, and details. Focus on the specific issue in the prompt is phd thesis maintained.

The organization of the essay is clear, although it may be predictable. Different Of Compare Essays? Ideas are logically sequenced, although simple and obvious transitions may be used. The introduction and conclusion are clear and generally well developed. Language is phd thesis competent. Essays? Sentences are somewhat varied and word choice is sometimes varied and precise. There may be a few errors, but they are rarely distracting. Blood? Essays within this score range demonstrate adequate skill in responding to the task. The essay shows an understanding of the task. The essay takes a position on the issue and may offer some context for discussion. The essay may show some recognition of different essays complexity by providing some response to counterarguments to the writer's position.

Development of ideas is adequate, with some movement between general statements and specific reasons, examples, and details. Focus on the specific issue in the prompt is maintained throughout most of the essay. The organization of the essay is apparent but predictable. Some evidence of logical sequencing of ideas is apparent, although most transitions are simple and by robert frost obvious. The introduction and conclusion are clear and somewhat developed. Different Essays? Language is adequate, with some sentence variety and appropriate word choice. There may be some distracting errors, but they do not impede understanding.

Essays within this score range demonstrate some developing skill in responding to the task. The essay shows some understanding of the task. The essay takes a position on the issue but does not offer a context for discussion. The essay may acknowledge a counterargument to the writer's position, but its development is litigation essays brief or unclear. Development of ideas is limited and different may be repetitious, with little, if any, movement between general statements and specific reasons, examples, and details. Focus on the general topic is maintained, but focus on litigation, the specific issue in the prompt may not be maintained.

The organization of the essay is simple. Ideas are logically grouped within parts of the essay, but there is little or no evidence of logical sequencing of types of compare essays ideas. Transitions, if used, are simple and obvious. An introduction and conclusion are clearly discernible but underdeveloped. Language shows a basic control.

Sentences show a little variety and word choice is appropriate. Errors may be distracting and may occasionally impede understanding. Essays within this score range demonstrate inconsistent or weak skill in responding to essays frost, the task. And Contrast Essays? The essay shows a weak understanding of the task. The essay may not take a position on the issue, or the essay may take a position but fail to convey reasons to process, support that position, or the essay may take a position but fail to maintain a stance. There is little or no recognition of a counterargument to the writer's position. The essay is thinly developed. Different Types Of Compare Essays? If examples are given, they are general and may not be clearly relevant.

The essay may include extensive repetition of the essays by robert writer's ideas or of and contrast ideas in the prompt. Focus on good medicine, the general topic is maintained, but focus on the specific issue in the prompt may not be maintained. There is some indication of an organizational structure, and some logical grouping of ideas within parts of the essay is apparent. Transitions, if used, are simple and obvious, and they may be inappropriate or misleading. An introduction and types of compare essays conclusion are discernible but minimal. Sentence structure and good statement word choice are usually simple. Errors may be frequently distracting and may sometimes impede understanding. Essays within this score range show little or no skill in responding to the task. The essay shows little or no understanding of the task.

If the essay takes a position, it fails to convey reasons to support that position. Different Essays? The essay is minimally developed. The essay may include excessive repetition of the writer's ideas or of ideas in the prompt. Persuasive Essay Writing Services? Focus on the general topic is usually maintained, but focus on the specific issue in the prompt may not be maintained. There is types little or no evidence of an organizational structure or of the logical grouping of ideas.

Transitions are rarely used. If present, an introduction and essays by robert frost conclusion are minimal. Sentence structure and word choice are simple. Errors may be frequently distracting and may significantly impede understanding. Blank, Off-Topic, Illegible, Not in of compare and contrast, English, or Void.

Calculating Your Combined English/Writing Score Prior to September 2015. Complete these steps to litigation essays, calculate your Combined English/Writing score: Find your scale score for the English Test down the far-left column. Find your Writing subscore across the different types top row of the table. Follow the English Test score row across and the Writing subscore column down until the row and column meet. The Combined English/Writing score is phd thesis found where the row and column meet. For example, if an English Test score is 19 and different types of compare and contrast a Writing subscore is 8, the Combined English/Writing scale score is 20. Enhancements to the ACT Writing Test. Essay? In September 2015, ACT introduced a number of enhancements to types of compare and contrast, the ACT writing test. Key differences between the former and internal statement current designs are outlined below.

Many elements of the writing prompts remain the same. For example, the different types of compare essays test is still an exercise in argumentative writing, and it continues to measure core competencies that are linked to college and career success. Modifications to the writing prompt will build on the former design in a few important ways: (Through the June 2015 Test Event) (September 2015 Test Events and litigation process after) Scoring and reporting for the ACT writing test have also been updated. Instead of one holistic score, students now receive four domain scores, each reflecting a key dimension of writing competency. They also receive a subject-level Writing Score. (Through the June 2015 Test Event) (September 2015 Test Events and after) *Students who took the writing test between September 2015 and June 2016 received a subject-level Writing score reported on a 1-36 scale.

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erotic essay Sex and Sexuality in Islam. by Muslim Women's League. Even though it comprises only part of our identities, the different essays, sexuality of women represents so much more; such that women's sexuality has been viewed as something to be controlled, hidden, or mastered, most often by men. Through the good personal statement, ages, sexuality has an impact on of compare and contrast essays, one's identity, self-esteem, relationships with others, societal mores, legal codes and so on. If sexual behavior simply existed to allow for procreation, so much controversy and fascination would have no reason to exist. Unfortunately, in many societies and for many years women have been principally defined by their roles as sexual beings whose chief purpose is to donate blood satisfy men's sexual needs; this perception contributed to types of compare maintaining women in positions of good medicine personal, inferiority and often subservience to different of compare essays men.

Even today, women are singled out as sex objects, either as victims of rape or willing participants in industries such as advertising or pornography, that exploit women's sexuality. The purpose of good statement, this chapter is to different types essays explore important issues of sexuality from an Islamic point of view in an effort to expose demeaning cultural habits which have no basis in Islam, and to offer alternative understandings of these issues based on the primary sources of Qur'an and Hadith. The view of design, sexuality as taboo and shameful is by no means unique to any particular religious or ethnic group. The Victorian era in England and the US(late 19th century) was characterized by such a strong inhibition of sexuality that was subsequently blamed for psychological problems seen in women by psychiatrists such as Sigmund Freud. Breaking free from the different types of compare essays, oppressiveness of that era was an important goal for women through most of the 20th century since the prevailing attitudes were not confined to sexual issues as women were denied many other essential human rights. Laila Ahmed addresses some of the misogynistic conditions and beliefs that preceded Islam in the Mediterranean area, heavily influenced by Jewish and Christian thinking at essay, that time(6th and 7th centuries). She points out the church's attitude on abortion and contraception . formed part of a broader negative ethos concerning the different types of compare and contrast essays, body and sexuality -- a sense of these as sinful and shameful and of sexuality as legitimate only for procreation. women were evidently perceived as innately more implicated in physicality and sexuality than men. (Women and Gender in Islam, p.35) Unfortunately, a similar view of women has been adopted by some Muslims and may actually be rooted in the cultural values which existed when Islam was introduced.

Human sexual development goes through several well-defined stages. Throughout growth, opportunities exist to teach children about their bodies, to inculcate values and attitudes, and most importantly to foster self-esteem. The success or failure (as determined by a woman's overall understanding and value of herself as well as her ability to maintain a satisfying relationship) can be determined by prevailing attitudes of the family and surrounding culture. Sexual development occurs throughout the life-cycle, beginning in process essays, infancy and childhood. The healthy progression from one stage of development to the next is of compare essays dependent upon fulfillment of basic requirements at each stage. For example, an infant must develop trust that the caregiver will consistently respond to good internal personal her cries before she can safely venture into the world and test the budding independence of toddlerhood. The ultimate achievement is the different types and contrast, development of an intact, secure adult with a high sense of self-esteem and self-worth.

If a girl is constantly being told that she is naughty, shameful, stupid or ugly, she will come to believe it and obviously have low self-esteem which will interfere with relationships, school, work and so on. This illustration in general terms introduces the argument that cultural habits which teach girls excessive shame breed guilt and writing reinforce a negative self-image contributing to different types low self-esteem and even dysfunctional sexual lives. This stage of development has been referred to as the latent stage in Freudian terms. It was felt that between early childhood and puberty children had no interest in their or others sexuality; they are essentially dormant in this regard until hormonal changes signal the onset of puberty. However, this argument has been challenged by other experts in the field. Regardless of psychological theories, certain facts must be considered about children at this age. They are developing mentally and as such are often extremely curious about themselves, others, animals and phd thesis so on. This is a good time to reinforce concepts of different types of compare and contrast, cleanliness, privacy and phd thesis self-respect and to begin to teach them about sexuality and reproduction in an age appropriate manner. Some girls will start menstruating as early as age nine and should be prepared ahead of time by of compare and contrast essays frank and open discussions with their parents. For many girls, the essays by robert, most significant thing to different types of compare and contrast essays happen during this time is the onset of menstruation. If a girl has not been prepared for this event, the sight of the first few drops of blood can be terribly frightening.

The signs that a girl is entering this stage of good medicine personal, development include breast development, growth of hair under the arms and in the pubic area, increase in height and finally onset of menses. At this time, cultural and familial attitudes about different types and contrast essays, menstruation are critical in good medicine statement, impacting a girl's acceptance or rejection of this milestone in her life. Different Types Of Compare? Because of the rapid rate of change and phd thesis accompanying sense of awkwardness, adolescents are often insecure and preoccupied with appearances, with a strong desire to be accepted by their peers. This stage is characterized by a heightened interest in and awareness of types of compare and contrast, members of the opposite sex. In the United States and in many other countries, young people begin to develop relationships during the teenage years. Over half of the students graduating from high school have been sexually active.

Many communities are working hard to teach abstinence before marriage but they are working against difficult odds especially when dating is viewed as normal, age-appropriate behavior. Yet, a primary task at this stage is to achieve a healthy, intimate relationship, which, for Muslims, can only exist in the context of marriage. Once women become sexually active, they then must deal with issues related to persuasive writing pregnancy, such as attitudes toward child-bearing, timing and spacing of children, and contraception. Of Compare And Contrast? Ideally, decisions are made within a mutually supportive monogamous relationship. Also, during this time, sexual satisfaction as well as sexual dysfunction or incompatibility become important issues as part of an overall relationship and can contribute to its well being or be a source of tension and stress. Historically, older women and men were considered asexual as aging and sexuality seemed incompatible.

Especially today, as women and men live well into their eighties, sexuality is still an important part of many people's lives. While some may experience a decreased sex drive, others do not notice any change at all. Early in life, children become aware of their sexuality even to the point that infants can experience sexual pleasure (see Your Baby and Child, P. Leach, p. 212). Infants develop awareness of the function and form of all body parts as they grow. To a child, the penis or vagina is just another part of the body, like arms and legs. The focus on the genitals is particularly evident during the frost, toilet training years. If a child is taught that her genitals are dirty and of compare and contrast essays shameful , but she wants to blood explore them just the same, naturally she will feel ashamed and naughty if she does so. Therefore, early on she sees part of herself as negative. Most child development experts encourage parents to and contrast essays remain neutral about a child's interest in her genitals to avoid preoccupation with that body part and to enhance the phd thesis design, development of different and contrast, a positive sexual identity. As the child grows, it becomes important to teach her about privacy and appropriate behavior when around others.

Oftentimes, parents fear that by not discouraging their children from touching themselves, they are encouraging them to explore sexuality at an early age. But teaching children to respect and understand their bodies will more positively impact their self image compared to design emphasizing the sense of shame ('ayb) that many children are taught. Such a sense of shame can be taken to extremes; for example, a mother refuses to apply necessary medication to her three year old daughter's vagina because to touch her there is 'ayb. Other girls are afraid to cleanse their genitals properly because to touch themselves is different of compare and contrast 'ayb. The concept of shame or disgust regarding one's body has no basis in Islam. During adolescence, sexuality becomes of interest to young people as their bodies experience hormonal upheavals which result in physical and essay emotional changes.

Again, a girl's experience through childhood will influence her passage through this difficult time. If she is types and contrast taught that the frost, onset of menstruation is different of compare and contrast essays a curse, then her experience and coping mechanisms will be affected negatively. Essay Writing? A positive attitude will enable a young woman to view it as a milestone, not a hindrance. Unfortunately, much folklore and negative cultural beliefs abound regarding a woman's menses. Indeed, for some women menstruation is types of compare and contrast essays a physically difficult, unwelcome disruption every month. But it is a simple biological process that can be managed like any other physical condition, and research abstract needn't impair a woman's ability to function. Several hadith exist regarding menstruation. Different Of Compare And Contrast? The only Qur'anic reference is found in Surah 2, verse 222 where Muslims are told to avoid sexual intercourse during a woman's menses: And they will ask thee about (woman's) monthly courses. Say, 'It is a vulnerable condition. Keep, therefore, aloof from donate essay women during their monthly courses, and do not draw near unto them until they are cleansed; and when they are cleansed, go in unto them as God has bidden you to different and contrast essays do.' In a hadith found in Muslim (No.

592, also reported in Sunan Abu Dawud, No, 258), a discussion occurs whereby the essays by robert, Prophet emphasizes that the Islamic view of menstruation differs significantly from the Jewish attitude during his time, which strongly restricted women from several arenas while they were menstruating. In this hadith he says, Associate with them in the houses and do everything except sexual intercourse. Aisha and the other wives of the Prophet were instrumental in pointing out his attitude of tolerance; for example, Maimuna recalled an occasion when she was sitting near him while he was praying. She happened to different types of compare essays be menstruating and during his prayers he knelt on her garment but did not displace it, meaning that being in the presence of a menstruating woman had no impact on his prayers ( Mishkat ul Masabih, No. 550; for by robert, other hadith along similar lines see Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 212-213, 267-273; Muslim, Nos. 269, 577-588 and Bukhari, Vol. 1, Nos. And Contrast? 293-300) Also, the Prophet commanded menstruating women and those observing purdah to participate in Eid festivities.

They sat behind those who prayed but joined in takbir ( Muslim, Nos. 1932-34; Bukhari, Vol.1, No. 321). Exemptions from Rituals. Today, as in the time of the essay abstract, Prophet, women do not pray or fast while on their menses. The Qur'an does not address this practice at all; several hadith exist which expressly forbid women to pray while on their period. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos.

271-287, Bukhari, Vol.1., No.327). Several traditions show that menstruating women were not supposed to different and contrast perform tawaf (circumambulation) around the Kaaba during Hajj while they were menstruating (Bukhari, Vol. 1, Nos. 302,321,325; al-Muwatta, 20.16) The menses were viewed as a temporary illness such that days not fasted had to be made up as any ill person would do after Ramadan. The Qur'an states that those who are ill or on essays by robert frost, a journey can desist from fasting and make the days up later (2:184). There are no hadith which expressly forbid women from fasting while menstruating, but based on the text from the different types essays, following, one concludes that menstruating women did not fast: Aisha is reported to good personal have said that during menstruation in the time of the Prophet, the different of compare and contrast essays, women were commanded to complete the fast (abandoned during menses) but were not commanded to complete the (abandoned) prayer (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 262-3, Muslim, Nos.

660-662). Women who have prolonged menses because of an underlying medical problem can resume prayers , fasting, and intercourse after a certain number of essays by robert, days (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 274-306, Bukhari, Vol. 1, Nos. 303,306,322,324). In view of the verse mentioned above which admonishes against sexual intercourse with a menstruating woman in order to different of compare essays avoid causing her harm, the donate, exemptions from the above-mentioned rituals could be viewed as an extension of God's consideration of women. Different? Perhaps abstention from prayer and fasting during one's menses is a divine acknowledgement of women's increased difficulty during that period.

God gave them permission not to persuasive pray or fast as a sign of mercy, just as He allows travelers to shorten their prayers to ease their burden. Many Muslims believe that menstruating women are not allowed to enter the mosque or touch the Qur'an. Types And Contrast? This relates to the view of the menstruating woman as unclean. Since she cannot be purified with ablution until after her menses stop, she is not in the proper state to enter a mosque or recite Qur'an. Conflicting hadith exist regarding these habits.

When looking at the whole body of hadith regarding the subject of menstruation, it appears that many of the injunctions were made because of the physical problems associated with active bleeding. Women at essays by robert frost, that time did not have access to modern amenities which protect a woman and of compare her garments from the blood flow. One hadith points out that one of the Prophet's wives (Um Salamah, who was having irregular bleeding) needed a dish underneath her to catch the menstrual blood while she was observing I'tikaf in the mosque during Ramadan (Bukhari No. 306, Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 2470, Muslim, No. 2470).

Therefore, practically speaking , women might have been restricted in their activities if they did not have the means to deal with a heavy period, for example. Today, women have so many options so that there are rarely fears of such difficulties. In addition, the good internal, Prophet once asked Aisha to fetch his mat which was in the mosque. She said, But I am menstruating to different of compare and contrast essays which he replied Your menstruation is not in your hand. (Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 261) However, another hadith exists which states that menstruating women should not enter the mosque: The Prophet is good internal medicine reported to have said, I do not make the mosque lawful for a menstruating woman and for a person who is types of compare essays junub. (Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 232) The act of not touching the Qur'an while menstruating is based on the hadith that the Prophet wrote a letter in which he said that no one should touch the Qur'an but one who is pure. (Mishkat-ul-Masabih, No. 465;). Also, in Surah 56, verses 77-79 we find: That this indeed is a Qur'an most honorable, in a Book well-guarded, which none shall touch but those who are clean (tahir).

In Mishkat-ul Masabih a hadith from Tirmidhi states that the Prophet said that the menstruating woman and one who is junub should not recite anything from the Qur'an (No. 461). In general, since, in either of these states, women or men are not yet physically purified (tahir) they cannot touch or formally recite the Qur'an until that state comes to an end. By performing ghusl (complete ablution) after the menses are over, one achieves the prerequisite physical state which allows for essay abstract, the resumption of prayers, fasting, reciting Qur'an and sexual relations. This does not imply impurity of spirit nor does it necessarily have to mean that a menstruating woman is different types unclean or dirty. The Prophet was known to perform ghusl after intercourse before reciting Qur'an, and good internal medicine personal he also would recite Qur'an while resting his head in Aisha's lap and she happened to be menstruating. Of Compare? (Mishkat, No.

460, Muslim, Nos. 260, 591) It is possible to understand why Muslims might view menses as a negative aspect of the female identity. A well known and oft-quoted hadith which leads to the conclusion that menstruating women neither prayed nor fasted is found in Bukhari with several versions: The Prophet is reported to have said, Isn't it true that a woman does not pray and does not fast on menstruating? And that is the defect in good internal medicine statement, her religion (Vol. 3, No. 172, see also Vol. 1, No.

301). The conclusion usually derived from and contrast essays this hadith is that women can never achieve the same level of research essay, faith or spirituality as men because they cannot fulfill their religious duties all the time. The weakness in this argument and therefore in the hadith is that it contradicts the undisputed image expressed in the Qur'an of women and men as equal in different, terms of their duties and expectations as Muslims, servants of God. Persuasive Essay Writing Services? To say that one's faith is determined only by the extent to which she can carry out the rituals negates all of the other aspects of different and contrast essays, faithfulness and observance that cannot be quantified. God rewards or punishes according to civil process essays deeds and intentions; how, then, can something that is biologically determined, not chosen or willed by and contrast essays the individual, serve as a measure of faith? Would God punish women for something that He created? Because this hadith is internal personal found in Bukhari, it is rarely questioned or reinterpreted and unfortunately reinforces a negative view of women in different types, Islam.

The large volume of hadith regarding menstruation reflects the need for practical guidance on the part of the essay writing services, Muslim community at the time of the Prophet. After reviewing all of the types of compare, texts, one can't help but feel the burden of abstract, menstruation for the Muslim woman. Regardless of the deficiency hadith and in view of modern advances, Muslim women today can view menstruation as a simple fact of life that has no negative bearing on her value as a human being. Modern medicine has enabled us to manipulate the menstrual cycle in a myriad of ways so that women can continue to carry out their activities without being disabled once a month. Types? Indeed, many women take advantage of medical technology to avoid menstruating during Hajj which, for many, is truly a once in a lifetime event not to be missed because of bad timing. Virginity and the Hymen: The Double Standard. Throughout childhood and adolescence, girls are sometimes prohibited by their parents from engaging in process essays, any activities that might interfere with the integrity of the hymen which is a small circular membrane at the opening of the vagina which allows the passage of menstrual flow. The opening is very narrow and different types of compare and contrast essays is torn when penetration occurs (as in sexual intercourse). This is civil litigation process essays occasionally accompanied by bleeding.

Such blood loss has been required in some cultures to prove that the woman is different types a virgin at marriage so a blood stained cloth would be given to research essay abstract the groom's family on different and contrast essays, the wedding night to verify the bride's pure state. If a woman did not bleed, the repercussions could be severe. So it became vitally important that the hymen remain intact as a sign of virginity with the family's honor at stake. While many of the cultural traditions involving proof of a woman's virginity are less prevalent than in the past, one can still find a persistent concern about the hymen as a marker for virginity today throughout many parts of the personal, Muslim world. (It should be noted that the concern about the hymen is not limited only to Muslims.) As a result, any activity that might cause tearing of the hymen would be forbidden, such as bicycle riding, horseback riding, gymnastics, etc. Unfortunately, the of compare and contrast essays, prohibitions against these activities are rarely accompanied by an explanation (most likely due to shyness on the part of the parents); thus, the young girl learns that because she is a girl she cannot participate in activities enjoyed by other children. Frost? Again, such an attitude promotes a negative self-image. These attitudes are culturally entrenched and not based on Islam. While virginity of both men and women is emphasized in Islam, there is and contrast essays no text in Qur'an or Hadith which specifically addresses the intactness of any part of a woman's anatomy as a marker for virginity. As will be discussed in detail later, the Islamic position on sexual behavior is explicit. Phd Thesis Design? Both men and types of compare women are required to be chaste and to seek fulfilling relationships in essays frost, marriage. Consequently, pre- and extra-marital relations are prohibited (Qur'an, 17:32, 24:26, 25:68; Bukhari, Vol.

8, Nos. 798-802). Of course, then, there is different of compare and contrast no debate that Muslims, male and female, must be virgins before they enter into their first marriage. Each individual is responsible and accountable to God for maintaining a state of purity prior to matrimony. Why should a woman have to prove that she is a virgin with physical evidence, when the man is taken on his word? Naturally, a woman who marries for the second or third time cannot give the research abstract, same proof, meaning the status of the hymen is truly irrelevant for determining sexual purity. The hymen exists as a remnant of embryological development which serves no purpose physiologically speaking (K. L. Moore, The Developing Human).

If it tears because a girl goes bike riding or uses a tampon or even has a pelvic exam by a physician as part of an evaluation of a medical condition, must it then follow that she is no longer a virgin? The restriction against vaginal penetration applies to premarital sexual behavior with a member of the opposite sex. The prohibition against different and contrast premarital sex exists because of multiple negative social, psychological and physical consequences that do not apply if the hymen is torn by an act that does not involve sexual intercourse. An unfortunate consequence of focusing on the shamefulness of essays frost, sexuality is the inability of many women to different types of compare essays enjoy a fulfilling sexual life once married. If a woman is taught from essays childhood that her genitals are unclean, untouchable, and basically an area off limits, and if inadequate discussion takes place to prepare her for her first sexual experience, then naturally she would be horrified to imagine the penetration of different of compare and contrast essays, that area by another person such as her husband. And if the first encounter is good medicine personal statement painful, the stage is set for inhibition and fear so that a fulfilling sexual relationship is practically impossible. Problems that ensue include the inability to consummate a marriage, vaginismus (spasm of the vaginal muscles which causes pain and prevents penile penetration), dyspareunia (painful intercourse), and the emotional and psychological consequences for the individuals involved in the relationship.

Also, the strong sense of fear and shame often prevents adequate medical evaluation during pelvic examinations because some women are unable to sufficiently relax even if they are married and have already borne children. While our religion stresses the importance of mutual sexual satisfaction between marriage partners, negative cultural factors can prevent such an outcome. By educating children and young adults properly about and contrast essays, sexuality, and by eliminating the features or habits which contribute to a negative self-image, and by focusing on the positive language found regarding these issues in Islamic literature women and men will be able to enjoy a fulfilling sexual relationship in marriage that is each person's right. Sexuality in Qur'an and Hadith. The references to sexuality found in Qur'an and hadith will now be discussed. In the following verse, men and women are referred to services as the different essays, garments of one another, implying a sense of personal statement, balance and mutual nurturance from one to of compare and contrast the other. It is phd thesis lawful for you to go in unto your wives during the night preceding the and contrast, (day's) fast: they are as a garment for you, and you are as a garment for them. God is aware that you would have deprived yourselves of this right, and so He has turned unto you in His mercy and removed this hardship from you. Now, then, you may lie with them skin to skin, and avail yourselves to that which God has ordained for you.(2:187) Also, by reviewing this and the verses below one appreciates the fact that sexual relations are sanctioned by God and are viewed as part of the spiritual relationship that exists between a husband and wife. As mentioned earlier, the Qur'an specifically prohibits intercourse during a woman's period (2:222) to avoid causing her discomfort.

In verse 223 of the essay, same Surah, the Qur'an says: Your wives are your tilth; go, then, unto your tilth as you may desire, but first provide something for your souls, and remain conscious of God, and types of compare and contrast know that you are destined to meet Him. And give glad tidings unto those who believe. Based on these verses and some hadith, Muslim couples are encouraged to enjoy sexual relations in any manner the two prefer. The only prohibitions involve avoiding intercourse while a woman is phd thesis menstruating, and avoiding anal penetration (Muslim, No.3365); this explains the text in the verse mentioned above since it was revealed when one of the Sahaba was concerned about having sexual intercourse from behind. He was worried that he committed a sin.

So the Prophet said that any position was lawful as long as anal penetration did not occur. Therefore, if the couple is mutually agreeable, no other restrictions apply. Other verses that address sexuality focus on the unlawfulness of different, extra-marital sexual relationships which will be discussed later. Sexual Rights of the Wife. Several hadith also address the issue of sexual satisfaction with reference to the wife's rights in this matter. The Prophet advised Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-As (who spent all day fasting and all night in phd thesis design, prayer) to types essays fast sometimes and blood essay not at other times; to different types and contrast essays pray at night and to sleep at night. Your body has a right over phd thesis design you, your eyes have a right over you and your wife has a right over you. (Bukhari, Vol.7, No. 127) The wife's rights include a right to companionship from her husband and fulfillment of her sexual needs. A woman's satisfaction is particularly referred to in the interpretation of the hadiths which discuss penile withdrawal as a method of contraception. One stipulation is that the woman must consent because such a practice could interfere with her sexual fulfillment to which she is entitled.

Also, if she desires to different types of compare and contrast bear children, coitus interruptus practiced by her husband would violate that right as well. This viewpoint is based on a hadith transmitted by Umar ibn-al-Khattab who said that the Prophet forbade the practice of coitus interruptus with a woman except with her permission This reference is found in Sex and Society in donate essay, Islam, by B. F. Musallam who also points out that this hadith was considered weak by some Medieval jurists (see also al-Muwatta, 29.34, No. Different Essays? 100). Nevertheless, the position regarding the woman's right to orgasm was developed over time by good personal statement several Muslim jurists during the same period (Busallam, Chapter 2 and types of compare footnotes). Also, one undisputed justification for divorce on behalf of the civil litigation, wife is her sexual dissatisfaction. The most explicit discussions of sexual relations with respect to different types of compare and contrast fulfilling the wife's needs are found in the Book on frost, the Etiquette of types of compare and contrast essays, Marriage, part of Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali's larger work, Revival of the Religious Sciences (Ihya Ulum al-Din), written in the eleventh century. In spite of some of internal medicine statement, his comments that are generally disparaging of types, women, he argues forcefully regarding the wife's right to sexual fulfillment. He quotes the Prophet as saying, Let none of you come upon his wife like an animal, let there be an emissary between them. When asked what is the emissary, he replied, The kiss and sweet words. Donate Blood? In another hadith, the Prophet points out that one of the deficiencies of a man is that he should approach his wife and have sexual contact with her before exchanging words and caresses, consequently, he sleeps with her and different of compare and contrast essays fulfills his needs (i.e. orgasm) before she fulfills hers. Al-Ghazali further elaborates on the importance of a woman achieving orgasm by stating, Congruence in attaining a climax is more gratifying to her because the man is phd thesis not preoccupied with his own pleasure, but rather with hers.

Rights of the types of compare and contrast essays, Husband. The sexual rights of the services, husband are also elucidated in the traditions, but the language is such that it appears that his rights supersede those of his wife. Different Essays? For example, in Bukhari, AbuHuraira reports that the Prophet said, If a man invites his wife to sleep with him and she refuses, then the angels send their curses on her till morning. (Vol. 7, No. 121-2; in Muslim, the donate, text reads that God is displeased with her until the husband is pleased with her Nos. 3366-68). In Riyadh-us-Salaheen, a hadith attributed to Tirmidhi and Nisai states that the different types and contrast essays, Prophet said, When a man sends for his wife for the satisfaction of phd thesis design, his need, she should go to him even if she may be occupied in baking bread. (No. 284) Similarly, Muslim women are advised not to fast without the permission of their husbands since fasting would interfere with sexual relations (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 2452-3; Muslim, Nos.

3366-68; Bukhari, Vol.7, No. 120). Clearly, Islamic literature stresses the importance of the sexual relationship between a husband and wife, but the of compare essays, above traditions seem to show that the husband's right to have sex is more important than the services, wife's right of refusal if she is not willing for different types and contrast, whatever reason. The only time she can refuse intercourse, then, is during menstruation. The verse (2:222) commands Muslims to avoid sex during that time because it may be associated with discomfort on good medicine personal statement, the part of the woman. A logical conclusion would be that sexual relations are better avoided for any circumstances (physical or otherwise) that would lead to discomfort. A common view of sex is that the stronger sexual urges of men (compared to women) can be controlled only to a certain extent; according to some, this justifies the practice of different types of compare and contrast essays, polygamy even though the Qur'an makes no mention of sexual desires in the verses on polygamy (4:3-5). Also, the same argument is made to justify forcing women to good internal have sex against their will, as they are forbidden to refuse to essays have sexual relations. Since the husband's urges are so strong, and to prevent him from acting out on essays frost, them illicitly, a wife's duty therefore is to submit in and contrast essays, order to phd thesis design preserve the marriage.

Yet, human beings are endowed with self control not seen in any other species, such that we do not act on and contrast essays, every instinctual impulse because of some uncontrollable force. This is what distinguishes humankind since God gave us the ability to internal personal statement think and make choices. Therefore, there is no justification for forcing women to have sex against different of compare and contrast essays their will, even in marriage. One does not find any traditions that show the Prophet as an aggressive or coercive husband. Persuasive? Similarly, behavior involving coercion and force goes against the philosophy of mutual satisfaction outlined in the Qur'an (see verses above) and against the hadith which states that the best among Muslims are those who are best towards their wives (Riyadh-us-Salaheen, No. 278). Also, the Prophet expressed his strong disapproval of those who physically beat their wives and then had sexual relations that night (Bukhari, Vol.

7, No. 132, Vol.9, 81-82; see also Riyadh us-Salaheen, No. Different? 274). The example of the Prophet clearly reveals that he and his wives enjoyed physical affection not necessarily related to intercourse thus reflecting an attitude of loving behavior in a variety of circumstances. Based on the hadith transmitted by his wives (particularly regarding physical intimacy while they were menstruating), this behavior included kissing, caressing, embracing and bathing together. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 267-273, 2376-2379; Muslim, Nos. 577-586, 629)

Husbands and wives should strive to satisfy one another's sexual needs as much as possible. This can be achieved by phd thesis design honest, open discussions; care, kindness and a desire to please one another. Viewing sexual intimacy as an important part of the relationship will enable a couple to achieve mutual satisfaction that enhances the overall success of the different of compare and contrast, marriage. Clearly, coercion and lack of consideration for one's spouses feelings will result in tension that can have negative effects on the rest of the relationship. Unfortunately, if a Muslim woman is raised to abhor and fear any matters related to sex, then in most instances of sexual contact she would be a passive and perhaps unwilling participant, and definitely not one who derives pleasure from sex. Also, the general view of sex as a shameful and dirty act contributes to inhibitions of both men and women, preventing them from litigation enjoying an act sanctioned by God. The following hadith highlights the importance of privacy in sexual relationships: the Prophet is reported to have said, The most wicked among the people in different types of compare, the sight of services, God on the Day of Judgement is the man who goes to essays his wife and she comes to him, and then he divulges her secret. (Muslim, Nos. 3369-70). Consequently, Muslims would be very unlikely to discuss matters of their sexual lives outside of the frost, home.

By keeping sexual issues private, the couple ensures mutual respect and different and contrast essays avoids the chances of violating trust by divulging personal tastes and practices to design others. However, this attitude would also prevent couples from seeking necessary help, thus diminishing opportunities for and contrast essays, alleviating any problems related to sexual dysfunction. Consultations with professionals, such as physicians, would not violate the code of privacy, and could help the design, individual or couple in matters that significantly impact the marriage. Sex Outside of different types essays, Marraige. As mentioned earlier, the essay, Qur'an specifically prohibits sexual acts outside of marriage (zina). Interestingly, the text does not go into detail to of compare and contrast explain why such behavior is sinful. Civil Litigation Essays? The verses which mention illicit sexual relations do so while admonishing Muslims to avoid other grave sinful deeds such as murder and stealing (Qur'an 25:68, 60:12). Muslims acknowledge and believe in Divine wisdom which is understood, to some extent, by the application of common sense and an exploration of the ramifications of fornication and adultery which include but are not limited to unwanted pregnancy, transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, negative emotional and psychological consequences, and physical intimacy without emotional commitment.

In addition to Qur'an, numerous hadith exist which point out that zina is considered a major sin (Bukhari, Vol.7, No. Different Types? 148; Vol. Internal Medicine Statement? 8, Nos. 798-802). The issue of of compare essays, extramarital sexual relations takes on even more profound importance because laws exist in Islamic jurisprudence which outline the civil litigation, punishment (hadd) for this behavior which is considered a sex crime. Clearly, the threat of punishment authorized by God serves as a very effective deterrent for illicit sexual behavior which results in negative social consequences beyond those experienced by the couple in question. Even though the text is clear regarding the unlawfulness of zina, the following references point out how difficult it is to accuse someone of such a crime. According to the Qur'an, those who accuse another of zina are required to produce four eyewitnesses of the act of genital penetration (meaning the act of intercourse would practically have to be committed in public view). According to hadith, other incriminating evidence include confession and pregnancy (Bukhari, Vol. 8, No. 816; Sunan Abu Dawud, No.

4518; Muslim, No. 4194). While the seriousness of the crime is not in question, the Prophet himself demonstrated reluctance in reacting to accusations and even confessions without giving individuals the different of compare essays, opportunity to avoid punishment and repent to God, with the hopes of avoiding punishment in the hereafter as well. In addition, the Prophet himself advised the believers not to make public their misbehaviors. When a man came to essay writing services confess that he had been with a woman and did everything except sexual intercourse, Omar ibn al Khattab said, Allah has concealed your fault; it would have been better if you had concealed it yourself. The Prophet then quoted the verse, And be constant in praying at the beginning and the end of the different types and contrast, day. for, verily, good deeds drive away evil deeds: this is a reminder to all who bear (God) in mind. Phd Thesis? (11:114). In addition, the Qur'an elsewhere clearly stresses the importance of sincerely repenting as God is ever merciful (4:15-16). Several hadith refer to an instance in which the essays, Prophet tried to give a man the opportunity to avoid punishment. Maiz ibn Malik came to the Prophet insisting on confessing his sin of fornication with a slavegirl. The Prophet responded by turning away from him, then insisted that the couple must have just looked at each other, or only embraced or kissed; but Maiz persisted with his confession of actual intercourse. The Prophet gave him ample opportunity to conceal his sin, and repent privately with the hopes of receiving God's forgiveness.

Yet, Maiz also knew that punishment in this life would replace the possible punishment awaiting in the Hereafter. So upon acknowledgement and confession of fornication, the Prophet ordered the blood, punishment. (Bukhari, Vol. 8, Nos. Of Compare And Contrast? 806, 810, 812-14; Sunan Abu Dawud, No. By Robert? 4413). A similar story involves a pregnant woman who also wanted to confess and receive punishment. Again, the Prophet first told her to Go back to her tribe, but she returned again wishing to confess. The Prophet told her to different types of compare essays go back until the child was born.

She returned again with the infant and he told her to suckle him until you wean him. Donate Essay? She returned when the boy was weaned, again confessing fully, resulting in types and contrast essays, the prescribed punishment. (Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 4428). For a couple (or individual) convicted of zina, the punishment would be harsh. According to blood essay the Qur'an , 100 lashes for types of compare and contrast essays, each (24:2). In several hadith collections, the essay, punishment of stoning to different types and contrast essays death is described for those guilty of adultery. This divergence is by robert frost significant because stoning resulted in death while flogging did not.. Different Types? The Qur'an does not distinguish between fornication and adultery but uses one word to describe both, zina. Belief in the Qur'an as the final word would argue that the use of stoning to essays by robert frost death instead of flogging is inappropriate; indeed a hadith in different of compare and contrast, Bukhari states that a transmitter of one of the stoning hadiths did not know if stoning was practiced before or after the revelation of the above Qur'anic verse (Vol. .8, No. 804).

Interestingly, both Bukhari and Muslim report a hadith transmitted by Ibn Abbas who narrated that Umar ibn al-Khattab feared that in future times Muslims would not use stoning as punishment because it is not mentioned in phd thesis, the Qur'an. Types And Contrast? But he spoke to confirm the civil litigation process, obligation of its use as punishment for different of compare, proven cases of adultery. (Bukhari, Vol.8, No. 816; Muslim, No. Frost? 4194). All of types essays, these issues dealing with punishment must be reviewed by modern Islamic jurists to develop laws (in those countries where Islamic law is applied) that incorporate the Islamic principles of justice, due process and research compassion.

In countries where Muslims live as minorities (where Islamic law does not prevail), these punishments cannot be carried out by types of compare and contrast zealous individuals or communities who may feel that they are required to carry out donate blood essay God's law in spite of the prevailing legal system. Yet, the system of Islamic jurisprudence must guarantee basic rights of individuals accused of serious crimes: these rights cannot possibly be upheld without a court system with checks and balances to ensure enforcement of the law while respecting the rights of individuals. The main point is that, while the punishment for zina is severe and different and contrast extreme, the essays by robert frost, requirements for proof of guilt are so strict that the chances of one actually being convicted and then punished are very small. Thus the individual Muslim who commits such acts in private, without fear of retribution should pay heed to the following verses: Verily, God's acceptance of repentance relates only to those who do evil out of ignorance and then repent before their time runs out. And it is they unto whom God will turn again in His mercy - for God is types of compare all-knowing, wise; whereas repentance shall not be accepted from those who do evil deeds until their dying hour and then say, Behold I now repent; nor from design those who die as deniers of truth; it is these for whom We have readied grievous suffering.(4:17-18) While it may seem obvious to some, the definition of zina is not without controversy. Again, using the hadith mentioned above(Bukhari, Vol. Different Of Compare And Contrast? 8, No.

806, etc.), the Prophet did not consider Maiz ibn Malek of a crime until he confessed of actual sexual intercourse involving penile penetration. This does not mean that other behaviors such as kissing, heavy petting, oral sex are not prohibited but that the requirements needed to phd thesis design justify a harsh punishment are strict. Types Essays? Obviously, many couples can engage in all of these activities without being exposed to witnesses and thus avoid punishment in this life. Litigation Process Essays? But they still must answer to God who, in no uncertain terms, admonishes against any sexual contact outside of marriage. False Accusations and Honor. If a husband accuses his wife of adultery by swearing four times and she denies any wrongdoing under oath, then she is vindicated (Qur'an 24:6-9).

According to Muhammad Asad (footnote 10, Surah 24) the types, same applies if a woman accuses her husband. If the accusation is found to be false the punishment of the accuser is severe: And as for research, those who accuse chaste women (of adultery), and then are unable to different of compare produce four witnesses (in support of good internal medicine personal, thier accusation), flog them with eighty s stripes; an ever after refuse to accept from them any testimony- since it is they, they that are truly depraved!- excepting only those who afterwards repent and made amends for, behold, God is much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace. And as for those who accuse their own wives, but have no witnesses except themselves, let each of these (accusers) call God four times to witness that he is different types essays indeed telling the truth, and the fifth time, that God's curse be upon him if he is telling a lie. (As for the wife, all) chastisement shall be averted from her by her calling God four times to witness that he is persuasive services indeed telling a lie, and the fifth (time), that God's curse be upon different and contrast essays, her if she is telling the truth . Civil Process? (24:4-8) These verses were revealed in response to accusations against Aisha, the essays, Prophet's wife, who was left behind the caravan when she went looking for a lost necklace. A young soldier happened upon by robert frost, her and escorted her to the camp where they arrived the following day. Rumors about sexual misconduct spread, causing great upheaval and emotional distress in different types of compare and contrast essays, the household of the Prophet.

The above verses point out that a woman's word to swear to her innocence is sufficient to both preserve her reputation and result in internal, punishment of types of compare, her accusers. Research Abstract? The following verse admonishes the community for not questioning the rumors and giving Aisha, the accused, the benefit of the doubt: Why do not the believing men and women, whenever such (a rumor) is heard, think the best of of compare, one another and say, 'This is an obvious falsehood'. and were it not for God's favor upon you, and His grace in this world and in the life to come, awesome suffering would indeed have afflicted you in result of all (the calumny) in which you indulge when you take it up with your tongues, uttering with your mouths something of which you have no knowledge, and deeming it a light matter whereas in the sight of God it is an awful thing. Verily, as for those who like (to hear)foul slander spread against (any of) those who have attained to internal personal statement faith - grievous suffering awaits them in types and contrast, this world and in the life to come: for God knows (the full truth), whereas you know (it) not (24:12-19). Slander is considered a grave offense since it taints the reputation of individuals and disrupts relationships The verses, while referring to Aisha's particular case, universally applied, serve to protect women from personal any unfair accusations about different types and contrast, their chastity. Phd Thesis Design? Unfortunately in many communities throughout the Muslim world the, honor of the types of compare, entire family is caught up in and determined by civil process essays the reputation of the female members, who can be accused of sexual misconduct, even if it is only suspected. As is clear from the above verses, singling out women for punishment based only on accusations or assumptions has no basis in Islam. Different And Contrast? Even if a woman is accused of fornication, and she denies the accusation, no punishment is carried out (Sunan Abu Dawud, No.

4451). Thus, even the suggestion of misbehavior (usually acts other than intercourse) cannot possibly serve as evidence of services, wrongdoing to and contrast Islamically justify retribution (such as honor killings) on the part of the woman's family. The sin of false accusations and essays the focus on absolving the one who is falsely accused has become problematic regarding the different types and contrast, punishment of rape. If a woman accuses a man of raping her and phd thesis design he denies that he did, she is basically confessing to illicit sexual contact and therefore punishable. This is even more problematic if the woman has no other evidence besides her testimony. This is the types of compare and contrast essays, current state of essays by robert frost, affairs in Pakistan where rape victims are punished for the crime committed against them. According to of compare essays Imam Malik, if a man is convicted of rape, he receives the punishment as mentioned for zina and also must pay a mahr (bride-price) to essays frost the victim (al-Muwatta, 36.16).

Imam Malik also states that if an unmarried woman is pregnant and claims to have been raped, unless there is physical evidence, she is presumed to be guilty of fornication and therefore punished (al-Muwatta, 41.4). Again, based on types of compare essays, earlier interpretations, the good medicine personal, woman is made to suffer for a crime committed by types and contrast another because the focus is erroneously on the sexual act and not on rape as an act of violence. Civil Process? Rather than viewing the act of sex as the issue requiring jurisdiction, the judges should view rape as an of compare and contrast act of violence perpetrated against an unwilling victim who cannot be considered guilty of a sex crime. Along the lines of sexual behavior arises the issue of homosexuality about which the Islamic position is clear. Based on numerous verses in the Qur'an which refer to Prophet Lot and internal medicine personal the sins committed by his community, one concludes that homosexual relations are prohibited. Different And Contrast? (7:80-84, 11:77-83, 15:57-77, 26:160-175, 27:54-58, 29:28-35)) Again, the Qur'an does not go into great detail to donate explain why; and again Muslims first accept God's wisdom and then apply reason to come to an understanding. The most basic argument is that homosexual behavior is ultimately detrimental to the survival of thehuman race. Also, it is contrary to the Islamic position of the and contrast, importance of the bond between husbands and wives which is a goal for which Muslims are encouraged to strive. (based on a well known hadith that marriage is design half of one's religion.) Like zina, punishment has been described for those who are found to engage in homosexual acts. The Qur'an is somewhat vague on the issue of punishment. The only verse which alludes to this behavior again calls for four witnesses to confirm the immoral conduct (fahishah) between two women or two men; if they are found guilty, they are to be punished, but if they repent they are to be left alone (4:15-16).

The type of punishment is different essays not defined. The hadith are more specific. In Sunan Abu Dawud, Ibn Abbas reported that the civil process, Prophet said if anyone is found doing as Lot's people did, to kill the different types of compare essays, one who does it (sodomy) and to whom it is done (No. 4447). In the phd thesis, footnote to this hadith it is pointed out that the jurists differed in opinion regarding how the different, punishment would be carried out. Basically, homosexual acts are considered illicit and if verified by witnesses or confession, then the individuals would be punished like those who commit zina. Persuasive Essay Writing Services? What occurs in different of compare and contrast essays, private is research between individuals who are ultimately accountable to God. Naturally, sexual feelings can arise for people who are not yet married.

An oft quoted hadith advises fasting to help quell the sexual appetite (Bukhari, Vol. 3, No. 129). For some this may not really help. But feelings of frustration do not justify acting them out different and contrast with someone outside of the marital relationship. Therefore, one could argue for the benefit of masturbation which would relieve the frustration and prevent illicit sexual contact (see Musallam, p.33 and Qaradawi, pp. 170-1). According to Al-Qaradawi in The Lawful and essays by robert Prohibited in Islam, the majority of scholars consider masturbation haram (forbidden). But, he does point out that the Hanbali jurists permit masturbation for those afraid of committing fornication or adultery or for those without the means to marry.

While the value of family and raising children is undisputed among most Muslims, it is well known that contraception is permitted and can be practiced for types of compare and contrast, a variety of reasons at phd thesis, the discretion of the couple. This is consistent with the view that the purpose of sexual behavior between husband and wife is not limited to procreation. The Prophet did not prohibit contraception (the withdrawal method or coitus interruptus practiced at the time) and did not mention any stipulations in any of the hadith except one mentioned earlier which refers to the importance of obtaining the wife's consent before practicing withdrawal. Types Essays? Similarly, use of female controlled methods, such as the birth control pill, would require the by robert, husband's consent in different of compare, consideration of his desires for bearing children. (Bukhari, Vol. 7, Nos. Good Medicine? 135-6; Muslim, Nos. 3371-88; al-Muwatta, 29.34) While withdrawal was the method practiced during the Prophet's time, by analogy, contraception by the means available today is also permitted. In almost every hadith that discusses withdrawal ('azl) the Prophet is reported to have said that even if it is practiced, if God intends a child to be born she/he will be born. Although the methods used today for contraception are very effective, not a single one provides 100% assurance that pregnancy will not occur; so, as always, God's will prevails when He so ordains a matter such as conception.

Some Muslims argue that sterilization of different types and contrast essays, men or women is not allowed as a method of contraception because it alters the human body. They use the hadith which admonish against altering one's features for cosmetic reasons (Y. Process Essays? Al-Qaradawi, The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam, pp. 88-9). Surgery done for beautification is clearly not the different types of compare essays, same as that done for contraception so the connection is flawed at best, and does not offer a convincing argument against sterilization. Like the other monotheistic religions, Islam prohibits the taking of the life of another human being without just cause (i.e. in self-defense, see 5:32) Therefore the question arises, at what point in gestation does the fetus become a human, such that to remove it would be described as murder. Research Essay? The debate in modern Western society centers around the issue of choice. And Contrast? Since the good internal medicine personal, pregnancy is part of the woman's body, she has the right to make decisions regarding the different of compare and contrast essays, outcome. On the other hand, the fetus is a potential human being who has rights of her/his own, one of them being the right to life.

By the early third trimester, when an infant born can survive outside of the womb, to terminate a pregnancy is considered illegal. Prior to that stage of design, gestation, the fetus definitely cannot survive, therefore, it is types of compare and contrast not yet considered a human being . Others believe that the fetus's status as a human begins at conception. In spite of the positions of the major jurists, many Muslims today ( and some earlier jurists) believe that abortion is unlawful under any circumstances unless the woman's life is research essay abstract endangered by the pregnancy. Modern technology (not available to early jurists) enables the and contrast, physician to see the beating heart of a 21 day old embryo; whether the embryo qualifies as a person is really only persuasive essay writing, known by God. Types Of Compare Essays? Many feel that life and the human spirit are present at conception meaning pregnancy termination at any stage would involve the unlawful taking of a life ( see Islamic Perspectives in Obstetrics and Gynecology, by Dr. Hassan Hathout, pp. 61-78 ). While some modern day scholars also feel that the fetus' right to life prevails even in cases of incest or rape, others consider those situations exceptional and think abortion is allowed to preserve the emotional and psychological well-being of the woman. Female Genital Mutilation. Since female genital mutilation (FGM , known also as female circumcision). is a custom among some Muslims, the Islamic position must be made clear. This practice which involves varying degrees of mutilation (from removing the clitoris to removing all labia and sewing the vagina to such an abstract extent that only a small opening exists to different types and contrast essays allow passage of menstrual blood) presumably is performed to limit the sexual activity of women . By eliminating their ability to experience orgasm , they will be less likely to misbehave before or during marriage.

This practice pre-dated Islam and is currently a custom in writing, a few Muslim countries, particularly in Africa. Different Types? Only one hadith exists which specifically addresses FGM. In Sunan Abu Dawud, Um Atiya said that the Prophet told a woman who performed circumcision in Medina to research not cut severely as that is better for a woman and more desirable for a husband (No. 5251). According to Abu Dawud, this is a weak hadith (mursal).

In the footnote of this hadith, the translator, Ahmad Hasan, points out that all of the major scholars maintained that FGM was recommended (but to what degree was not specified). As mentioned throughout this chapter, focusing on sexuality in a positive manner can be a difficult task for Muslims. Cultural views of women in general, fear of committing and being punished for sin, and different of compare essays the use of sex as a means of domination have all contributed to the silence and repression that prevent people from being comfortable with their sexuality as individuals and in relationships. Donate Blood? Through education and different types of compare understanding, a more positive approach can lead to essay abstract a better outcome. Different Types Of Compare Essays? Teaching children to accept their bodies and sexuality contributes to developing strong self-esteem which is a major determinant of future sexual activity. Good Internal Statement? Young people, particularly women, with low self-esteem are more likely to engage in sexual behavior at types of compare, a young age. Fostering self-esteem occurs mainly within the family unit and frost also in schools and society at different types of compare essays, large. Informing children and young adults about the civil process essays, changes that occur as they grow and then teaching them about essays, developing healthy relationships with others is possible through formalized educational settings (especially if the parents feel too uncomfortable discussing sexuality.) Also, a willingness on the part of adults to answer questions openly and to discuss difficult issues such as homosexualty or sexually transmitted diseases will enable young adults to approach their parents and educators and therefore be less likely to obtain inaccurate information from medicine personal their peers or the media. The Prophet was well-known for his frankness in discussing all issues, including those related to sex and sexual development.

In one hadith, he is asked by different types and contrast essays a woman if, when a woman has an orgasm while asleep (during dreaming), does she have to perform complete ablution (ghusl) prior to doing her prayers. The Prophet answered that she does because such an persuasive experience is akin to the nocturnal emissions of men which require ghusl. (Muslim, Nos. 607-613; Bukhari, Vol.1, No. 280) This is a well known hadith which shows that the early Muslims felt no inhibition about addressing the different types of compare essays, Prophet about sensitive issues such as female orgasm (see also Muslim, No. 649). Muslims today must follow the example of the civil litigation essays, Prophet to use wisdom and beautiful preaching to different of compare and contrast essays talk to one another and their children about all matters. Teaching about sexuality from an Islamic perspective is necessary for Muslim young people who are growing up in a society full of tremendous pressures. Regarding menstruation, it is important to teach our daughters that this is a special part of development that signals the onset of adulthood and possible future child-bearing. A supportive attitude by parents is essays frost essential as girls struggle to deal with a change that may leave them feeling uncomfortable and sometimes embarrassed. Pre-adolescents are usually preoccupied with the of compare, opinions of their peers.

So, a Muslim girl who isn't praying or fasting because it is that time of the month naturally feels exposed and maybe even isolated. Persuasive Essay Writing? Again, this points to the importance of teaching respect to all children to minimize the potential for hurt feelings and shame. Also, discussing this in appropriate sex education courses for different of compare, young Muslims enables them to be educated and informed so that mature attitudes will be engendered among boys and girls. One could argue that the strong language found in the Qur'an and Hadith against donate blood unlawful sex contributes to a negative attitude regarding sex in general. Indeed, fear of different of compare essays, retribution is often used to discourage young adults from engaging in research abstract, premarital sexual behavior, thus contributing to inhibition, guilt and different of compare and contrast repression that interfere with healthy sexuality in research essay, marriage. Muslims must be willing to discuss these issues openly with their children to point out the wisdom of postponing sexual behavior until marriage and to different types of compare and contrast focus on all of the litigation process, positive aspects that a healthy sexual relationship contributes to that union.

Rules without explanation only and contrast essays, stimulate a young person's curiosity and donate blood essay interest in risky behavior that is glorified by the media and often practiced by one's peers. Types Of Compare And Contrast? Also, when instilled with a strong sense of self esteem and identity, young people are better equipped to deal with the pressures they face particularly during adolescence when many of phd thesis, their friends are experimenting sexually.

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creon essays Tragic Hero in Antigone. Here are a range of responses to this question. URL's provided. The reason I have not just included links here is the current filtering at school which seems to filter anything with free essay. Grr.

The debate over different, who is the tragic hero in Antigone. continue on to this day. Phd Thesis. The belief that Antigone is the. hero is a strong one. There are many critics who believe, however, that Creon, the Ruler of Thebes, is the true.

protagonist. I have made my own judgments also, based on. what I have researched of this work by Sophocles. Antigone is widely thought of as the different of compare essays tragic hero of. the play bearing her name. She would seem to fit the part. in light of the good internal fact that she dies in types of compare essays, doing what is right.

She buries her brother without worrying what might happen to. her. She Takes into consideration death and the reality. that may be beyond death (Hathorn 59). Those who do. believe that Antigone was meant to be the true tragic hero. argue against others who believe that Creon deserves that. honor. They say that the Gods were against Creon, and that. he did not truly love his country.

His patriotism is to. narrow and negative and his conception of justice is litigation process too. exclusive. to different of compare, be dignified by the name of love for good medicine personal the. state (Hathorn 59). Different Types And Contrast Essays. These arguments, and persuasive essay writing, many others, make. many people believe the types of compare and contrast essays Antigone is the rightful. Many critics argue that Creon is the good personal statement tragic hero of.

Antigone. Of Compare Essays. They say that his noble quality is his caring for. Antigone and Ismene when thier father was persecuted. Those. who stand behind Creon also argue that Antigone never had a. true epiphany, a key element in being a tragic hero. Creon, on the design other hand, realized his mistake when Teiresias made.

his prophecy. He is forced to different of compare, live, knowing that three. people are dead because of phd thesis, his ignorance, which is a. punishment worse than death. My opinion on this debate is that Antigone is the. tragic hero. She tries to help her brother without worrying. about what will happen to her.

She says, I intend to give. my brother burial. I'll be glad to different essays, die in the attempt, -if. it's a crime, then it's a crime that God commands (Sophocles 4).

She was also punished for doing what was. right. Her epiphany came, hidden from the audience, before. she hung herself. Civil Process. Creon's nobleness of taking in young. Antigone and Ismene is overshadowed by his egotistical. nature. He will not allow justice to come about simply. because he wants to types and contrast essays, protect his image. He says, If she.

gets away with this behavior, call me a woman and call her a. man (Sophocles 13). These elements prove that Antigone is. the tragic hero. Creon, understanding his ignorance may lead one to. believe that he is the true protagonist. But, if you. define the word protagonist you would find that a. protagonist is blood one who is a leader or supporter of different and contrast essays, a cause. Antigone is in medicine personal, support of her own actions in different of compare and contrast, the burial of.

her brother Polyneices. She entrusts that she is doing. what the Gods want, contrary to the belief of Creon. Many. readers and critics may say Creon suffered greator. hardships.

Some may say Antigone never had an epiphany. Who. would understand it if their own brother were left to the. birds and essay abstract, dogs. There would be no rational thinking. involved in a act like this. Types And Contrast Essays. These are arguments envolved. in deciding who is the tragic hero of services, Antigone. Critics, to this day, still argue about different types who is the.

tragic hero of Antigone. Donate. Many say that Antigone is the. heroin. Others say that it is Creon. Types Of Compare. My research favors. Antigone as the perfect protagonist. No matter who the. reader sides with, it is agreed by most that there is a.

valid argument either way, in light of the fact that they. both endure great hardships. Good site. Each * Name is good internal medicine a link. Free essays on the play Antigone. * Absolute power struggle. No votes or comments yet. Votes: 1, No comments yet.

No votes or comments yet. 1.75 out of 5 Votes: 4, Comments: 1. 1.00 out of different, 5 Votes: 1, No comments yet. * Antigone - Importance of gender in the opening scene. No votes or comments yet. * Antigone - Pride and Conflict of Law. No votes or comments yet. No votes or comments yet. * Antigone: Creon’s Flaws. No votes or comments yet. * Antigone: Divine Law vs.

Human Law. 2.25 out of 5 Votes: 2, No comments yet. * Antigone: Gender Issues. No votes or comments yet. * Creon: A monarch within his rights. No votes or comments yet.

* Empathy for Characters in Sophocle's Antigone. No votes yet, Comments: 1. * Gender Issues in Antigone. 2.00 out of essay, 5 Votes: 3, No comments yet. * How the and contrast essays Choices of the Characters Affected Each Other. Votes: 2, No comments yet. 5.00 out of 5 Votes: 1, Comments: 1. * Sophocles vs. Euripides.

No votes or comments yet. * The Tragic Hero in Antigone. No votes or comments yet. * The True Tragic Hero in Sophocles' Antigone. 3.92 out of 5 Votes: 6, No comments yet. * Theme in Antigone. 3.50 out of statement, 5 Votes: 4, No comments yet. No votes or comments yet. I've been looking for this all over the place: what is essays Antigone's tragic.

flaw. The way I see it, Oedipus's is his pride. He seems totally bent on. finding out the essay truth and refuses to listen to other people's advise to let. it rest. Creon's is types of compare essays also pride (am I right here?). He's so convinced that. he's right that he stops listening to anybody opposing him. I think that. Antigone's is good internal medicine statement maybe pride, but I'm not sure. I'd really appreciate if you.

would help me out, give me a hint, anything! Thanks a lot!!People always think that because Aristotle said a tragic hero's downfall should be due to a tragic flaw (hamartia), and Aristotle admired King Oedipus above all tragedies, therefore Oedipus must have a flaw. Types Of Compare And Contrast Essays. [This is a false premise under Aristotle's very own logic.] And so they have struggled to find one! Could it have been his bad temper? (No, he was quite justified in his rage at Creon and donate blood essay, Tiresias, having good reasons to suspect them of plotting against him) Could it have been his murderous temperament, in types of compare and contrast, killing an old man in phd thesis design, a chariot? (No, he had good reason once more, and any Greek would have criticised him for NOT killing the irritating old boy) Could Laius have been under divine protection as he was going to Delphi? The hamartia would then be killing a divinely protected person (Nothing in the text to indicate this) Could it have been his carelessness - surely anyone told about different types of compare and contrast essays killing his father and sleeping with his mother would have avoided killing ANY man and sleeping with ANY woman? (No - Oedipus knew who his parents were - as he thought, and took all reasonable precautions to avoid accidentally doing deeds which no sane person could imagine himself doing anyway)

Could it have been his pride and arrogance - fuelled by his success with the Sphinx? (no - he includes himself in the curse he made, and is more than anxious to find the good internal personal truth) Could it have been his fatal curiosity, inquiring into matters best left unexplored? (Surely not - neither Greeks of 5th century BC nor ourselves would have seen this as a fault - the truth is out there. The truth may be unpalatable or dangerous, but it is better than ignorance). Concusion? Forget Aristotle - a scientist trying to find a scientific analysis for the unanalysable. How many plays actually conform to his rules? Only King Oedipus comes near - and not even that has a tragic hero with a tragic flaw! I wrote this a while ago to someone asking about Oedipus' flaw: the same applies to Creon and Antigone.

The whole business of tragic flaws is something that English and Drama teachers have got hold of from some book they read when they were students - no one these days who has actually studied Greek tragedy believes there is any such thing. Do you worry about tragic flaws when you see a movie? Of course not - there are more important things (which Aristotle correctly identified) - plot and character. Each character in tragedy is unique, and the reasons for their suffering are unique to of compare essays, them. Read Antigone again trying to find her uniqueness, and you'll start to understand the reasons why we feel for her.

Well done for not being able to civil, find the flaw in Antigone, then - the reason is there is none! PS No Greek would understand pride as a flaw! Just as in Black Pride or Gay Pride - the Greeks saw pride as a positive thing. Different Essays. The nearest is hybris - which means believing you are free to medicine statement, abuse those weaker than yourself (ie behaving like a god!). VCCS Litonline Introduction to Literature. English 112 (English Composition II) Student Essays on different types of compare Antigone. Epinions, a website for selling books (and other items), currently (July, 2002) lists 3 reviews of a new translation. None of the three mention the essay translation, but each goes on at length reviewing the story, characters, and themes. Destipele mentions that the play might have been popular in its day because of the different types political situation in Athens, with the city edging toward war.

He also points out several themes before ending whining about how thinly the characters are portrayed. Nafeez of Toronto has written an essay on writing Antigone and Creon, claiming they were transformed by fear from stubborn and close-minded opponents to open-minded. Different Types Of Compare Essays. But both change too late. The third review loses credibility by writing, citing the different types of compare wrong city--twice--as the setting for the play. But the writer does observe that Antigone was probably a physically strong woman, as well as an emotionally strong person--although it doesn't take a lot of physical strength to scatter dust over good internal personal statement, a body. shows some of the more mediocre high-school and first-year college essays in its red level.

These can be viewed for free. Here is and contrast a selection of the thesis ideas from that collection if red level essays. (In June and July, 2002, 88 essays were available on Antigone at this website, over a third at the red level for free viewing. Unfortunately, many of these listings are duplicates, and even some of the essays are virtually the same essay but with different titles.) In most cases that I find worth mentioning, I am disagreeing with the good statement essays. The Tragic Hero in Antigone. Of the essays that follow this red herring argument over of compare essays, whether Creon or Antigone or another character best fulfills Aristotle's definition, a few can be seen to research abstract, summarize the entire argument fairly readily. The True Tragic Hero in Antigone picks Creon because he changes and different, has a recognition of phd thesis design, his error that was brought on by pride. Antigone doesn't, supposedly. One of the yellow essays claims that Antigone could be a tragic figure in the modern sense of something happening to different of compare and contrast essays, her but not in the Aristotelian sense because she didn't have any faults. Of course, there's plenty of hybris in Antigone; that's part of what causes her to commit suicide. In addition-- Exposing the Human Condition in essay abstract, Antigone points out that Antigone lacked faith that the different types of compare essays gods would respond to Creon's abomination [as they did to the abomination of not seeking the persuasive writing killer of former king Lauis by putting a plague on the city until the types killer--Oedipus--was found.

Of course, several years passed before that plague was sent to the city]. Antigone, Ismene, and Haemon asserts that Ismene and Haemon act as foil characters who serve to deepen the characterization of Antigone and cause her to be seen as a person who is loved and research, lovable. [Unfortunately, Antigone treats both so coldly that she appears not to be loving, and different types of compare and contrast essays, this coldness reduces sympathy for her in the hearts of donate essay, many readers.] Tragic Hero in different types of compare, Antigone asserts that the title character is the design protagonist and glosses over or explains away aspects of Aristotle's definition (without mentioning Aristotle) and adds other aspects of heroism, e.g. suffering hardship. Bottom Line: After reading too many of these student essays and abstracts, I reach the different types of compare essays conclusion that Antigone is research certainly the PROTAGONIST of the play that bears her name; a case can be made that she is proud and that she recognizes in types of compare, her last speech what her stubbornness will cost her. But her wrong act was committing suicide, at least in part as an act of defiance over Creon's tyranny. On the research abstract other hand, Creon is too malevolent to of compare and contrast essays, be a tragic hero in phd thesis, the Aristotelian sense of a good person who suffers a downfall due to pride and recognizes their error. Different Types And Contrast Essays. If Creon pitted Eteocles and Polynices against each other and directed a decree at Antigone to solidify his new power, he is Iago, not Othello, a tyrant, not a king. The play itself offers nothing to donate blood essay, support this back story of different of compare and contrast, intrigue. If someone wants Creon to be a tragic hero, he or she will have to write a play about Creon's years as regent to show how a good man who did not want power during Oedipus the blood essay King (if we can believe the words he said to save his neck from Oedipus' anger) became corrupted enough to types of compare and contrast, plot the essays demise of Oedipus' spawn so that he could rule unopposed--or a sequel to Antigone in different types and contrast essays, which Creon displays wisdom now that his stubbornness and anti-feminism (or his plotting) have caused the deaths of his second son and litigation, his wife.

Politics and different of compare, Citizenship. The essays I see on politics and essays by robert frost, citizenship invariably fail to ask WHY DID CREON AIM A DECREE AT ANTIGONE. In asserting Creon's power and overlooking the types fact that Creon does reverse himself and buries Polynices himself, these essays sound no smarter than the chorus of elders, even if they acknowledge that Antigone acts justly. In addition to the essay that suggested Ismene and Haemon are foils who contrast with Antigone but also show that she is loved, other essays point out writing that Antigone and Creon are both proud and types and contrast, stubborn and another essay adds irrational. Phd Thesis Design. Ismene and Antigone are comparable in many ways, according to at least one essay. Antigone and Other Female Protagonists. How are Antigone and Emily Grierson alike and types and contrast essays, different? Both are the children of writing, dead fathers who's family name influences their actions and how people react to different types of compare essays, them. Phd Thesis Design. Both shows some personality traits of their fathers. To consider this comparison and contrast further, take a look at different types essays Importance of Family in Antigone and A Rose for personal statement Emily; unfortunately, the writer uses the block method and so writes two character studies without drawing all of the parallels directly. How are Antigone and Mrs.

Hale from Trifles alike and different? Both commit acts of civil disobedience, but Antigone is brazen about it while Mrs. Hale is more clandestine. Both are dealing with men who are fools--or worse, and both act to save someone else. Symbolism in Antigone. One of the hidden essays suggests in of compare, its abstract that Antigone represents nature while Creon represents law--and that these correspondences are played up by essay, shifting motifs of light (good) and dark (disagreeable to the gods). See the abstract, but keep your credit card away from your computer--unless you know how to credit sources better than the writer of different of compare, this paper. This instructional web was made in July, 2002, by Prof. Eric Hibbison. Feel free to access these resources for study purposes or classroom use.

However where they have been directly dowloaded for civil process distribution or copied and provided as notes, please acknowledge as a courtesy. Types Of Compare. John Watson.